Speech communication
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This PowerPoint Presentation is a curriculum based lecture in EnglishIII - Speech Communication. Rey San Andrew Rimando- slide creator.. Thank you!

This PowerPoint Presentation is a curriculum based lecture in EnglishIII - Speech Communication. Rey San Andrew Rimando- slide creator.. Thank you!

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Speech communication Presentation Transcript

  • 1. SPEECHCOMMUNICATION A PowerPoint Presentation by: Rimando, Rey Saboco, Pierre Jay Narvaez, Carla Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering Partido State University – Goa, Cam. Sur
  • 2. “You can speak well if your tongue candeliver the message of your heart.” Introduction The process by which meanings are exchanged b/w people through the use of common set of symbols is called COMMUNICATION.
  • 3. What is Speech Communication?(from Latin "communis", meaning to share) is defined as a process by which we assign and conveymeaning in an attempt to create shared understanding. Thisprocess requires a vast repertoire of skills in intrapersonaland interpersonal processing, listening, observing, speaking,questioning, analyzing, and evaluating. Use of these processes is developmental and transfersto all areas of life: home, school, community, work, andbeyond. It is through communication that collaboration andcooperation occur.
  • 4. Communication
  • 5. Two-way Communication Process Who... says what... in what way... to whom...Commu- Message Medium Receivernicator Feedback ...with what efect
  • 6. SEVEN “C’s” OF COMMUNICATION C C OC O N C R E T E N E S S U L C R A I C T R S C OM P L E T E N E S S E I E R S T N R Y Y E E S C C O NSI D E R A T I O N N E S S
  • 7. Forms of Communication NON – VERBAL COMMUNICATION VERBAL COMMUNICATION * ORAL COMMUNICATION * WRITTEN COMMUNICATION
  • 8. ORAL COMMUNICATION is the ability to talk with others to give andexchange information & ideas, such as: askquestions, give directions, coordinate work tasks,explain & persuade by using the words of mouth. How we use this skill? greeting people and taking messages reassuring, comforting or persuading seeking information & resolving conflicts facilitating or leading a group
  • 9. ADVANTAGES OF ORAL COMMUNICATIONEffective &Efficient Quick Feedback
  • 10. DISADVANTAGES OFORAL COMMUNICATION Unfit for lengthy Message Expensive Method Lack of Clarity Lack of Written Proof Misuse of Time
  • 11. METHODS OF ORAL COMMUNICATIONFace-to-Face Conversation Telephonic Talk Meetings, Conferences &Seminar Lectures Radio &Television
  • 12. Example of Oral Communication An Impromptu Speech• An impromptu speech is the most difficult form of public speaking assignment.• It’s a type of speech that will not give you enough time to prepare.• But even with little to no preparation, you are still expected to deliver a great speech.• A badly delivered speech is inexcusable even though you didn’t have any time to prepare.
  • 13. Functions of Communication • Gives information • Knowledge management • Decision making • Coordinating work activities • Creates control • Express feeling / emotion
  • 14. Types of Speech Communication• Informative – This speech serves to provide interesting and useful information to your audience. Some examples of informative speeches: – A teacher telling students about earthquakes – A student talking about her research – A travelogue about the Tower of London – A computer programmer speaking about new software
  • 15. Types of Speech Communication•Demonstrative – This has many similarities withan informative speech. A demonstrative speech alsoteaches you something. The main difference lies inincluding a demonstration of how to do the thingyou’re teaching. Some examples of demonstrativespeeches: * How to start your own blog * How to bake a cake * How to write a speech * How to… just about anything
  • 16. Types of Speech Communication•Persuasive – A persuasive speech works toconvince people to change in some way: they think,the way they do something, or to start doingsomething that they are not currently doing. Someexamples of persuasive speeches: • Become an organ donor • Improve your health through better eating • Television violence is negatively influencing our children • Become a volunteer and change the world
  • 17. Types of Speech Communication•Entertaining — The after-dinner speech is atypical example of an entertaining speech. Thespeaker provides pleasure and enjoyment that makethe audience laugh or identify with anecdotalinformation. Some examples of entertainingspeeches: •Excuses for any occasion •Explaining cricket to an American •How to buy a condom discreetly •Things you wouldn’t know without the movies
  • 18. Levels of Speech Communication Intrapersonal CommunicationInterpersonal Communication Public Communication Mass Communication Group Discussion
  • 19. Feeling fear is normal…..
  • 20. Effective Communication• Preparation
  • 21. Effective Communication• Practice - practice makes perfect - revision - get time right
  • 22. Effective Communication• Presence -overcome nervousness -Body language -voice tone -gestures -eye contact -positive attitude
  • 23. What makes a GOOD host? • Attitude • Personality • Voice BE YOURSELF.
  • 24. BARRIERS TOCOMMUNICATION
  • 25. COMMON BARRIERS TO COMMUNICATION1. SEMANTICS Definition of words Choice of words
  • 26. COMMON BARRIERS TO COMMUNICATION2. POOR CHOICE, USE OF CHANNELS  When to use certain channel Oral alone: • Simple reprimand • Settle simple dispute Written alone: • Don’t need immediate feedback • Need record
  • 27. COMMON BARRIERS TO COMMUNICATION2. USE OF CHANNELS Both channels: • Commendation • Serious reprimand • Important policy change Nonverbal • Be aware of it.
  • 28. COMMON BARRIERS TO COMMUNICATION3. PHYSICAL DISTRACTIONS4. NOISE, PHYSICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL5. STATUS DIFFERENCE6. EFFECTS OF EMOTIONS
  • 29. COMMON BARRIERS TO COMMUNICATION7. PERCEPTIONS Stereotypes Halo effects Selective perception • See and hear what we expect • Ignore if conflicts with “what we know.” Projection
  • 30. COMMON BARRIERS TO COMMUNICATION8. FILTERING, SCREENING NEGATIVE INFORMTAION9. EVALUATING THE SOURCE10.ABSENCE OF FEEDBACK, POOR FEEDBACK
  • 31. COMMON BARRIERS TO COMMUNICATION11. INFORMATION, DATA OVERLOAD12. POOR LISTENING LISTEN TO RESPOND LISTEN TO UNDERSTAND
  • 32. TO OVERCOME BARRIERS:Learn to use feedback well.Be sensitive to receiver’s point of view.Listen to UNDERSTAND!Use direct, simple language, or at least use language appropriate to the receiver.Use proper channel(s). Learn to use channels well.Learn to use supportive communication, not defensive communication.
  • 33. STRATEGIES TO REDUCE FEAR• Know your Environment• Know your Audience• Know your Speech• Learn to Relax• Visualize a Successful Speech• Evaluate Yourself
  • 34. Things You Shouldn’t Do • Read directly from notes • Read directly from screen • Turn back on audience • Slouch, hands in pockets • No um, ah, you know’s, so • No nervous gestures • Talk too fast, • Talk too quietly
  • 35. Things You Should Do • Eye contact • Can glance at notes • Appropriate gestures • Rhetorical questions to involve audience
  • 36. Ten Successful Tips Control the ―Butterflies‖• Know the room- become familiar with the place of presentation• Know the audience- greet or chat with the audience before hand. It’s easier to speak to friends than to strangers• Know your material-increased nervousness is due to un-preparedness
  • 37. Control the ―Butterflies‖• Relaxation- relax entire body by stretching and breathing so as to ease the tension• Visualize giving your speech-Visualize yourself giving your speech from start to finish. By visualizing yourself successful, you will be successful
  • 38. Control the ―Butterflies‖• People want you to succeed-the audience is there to see you succeed not to fail• Don’t apologize-by mentioning your nervousness or apologizing, you’ll only be calling the audience’s attention to mistakes
  • 39. Control the ―Butterflies‖• Concentrate on your message-not the medium. Focus on the message you are trying to convey and not on your anxieties• Turn nervousness into positive energy- nervousness increases adrenaline, transform it into vitality and enthusiasm
  • 40. Control the ―Butterflies‖• Gain experience-experience builds confidence, which is key to effective public speaking
  • 41. Practice takes you from this..
  • 42. To this….