SPEECHCOMMUNICATION A PowerPoint Presentation by: Rimando, Rey Saboco, Pierre Jay Narvaez, Carla Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering Partido State University – Goa, Cam. Sur
“You can speak well if your tongue candeliver the message of your heart.” Introduction The process by which meanings are exchanged b/w people through the use of common set of symbols is called COMMUNICATION.
What is Speech Communication?(from Latin "communis", meaning to share) is defined as a process by which we assign and conveymeaning in an attempt to create shared understanding. Thisprocess requires a vast repertoire of skills in intrapersonaland interpersonal processing, listening, observing, speaking,questioning, analyzing, and evaluating. Use of these processes is developmental and transfersto all areas of life: home, school, community, work, andbeyond. It is through communication that collaboration andcooperation occur.
Two-way Communication Process Who... says what... in what way... to whom...Commu- Message Medium Receivernicator Feedback ...with what efect
SEVEN “C’s” OF COMMUNICATION C C OC O N C R E T E N E S S U L C R A I C T R S C OM P L E T E N E S S E I E R S T N R Y Y E E S C C O NSI D E R A T I O N N E S S
Forms of Communication NON – VERBAL COMMUNICATION VERBAL COMMUNICATION * ORAL COMMUNICATION * WRITTEN COMMUNICATION
ORAL COMMUNICATION is the ability to talk with others to give andexchange information & ideas, such as: askquestions, give directions, coordinate work tasks,explain & persuade by using the words of mouth. How we use this skill? greeting people and taking messages reassuring, comforting or persuading seeking information & resolving conflicts facilitating or leading a group
ADVANTAGES OF ORAL COMMUNICATIONEffective &Efficient Quick Feedback
DISADVANTAGES OFORAL COMMUNICATION Unfit for lengthy Message Expensive Method Lack of Clarity Lack of Written Proof Misuse of Time
METHODS OF ORAL COMMUNICATIONFace-to-Face Conversation Telephonic Talk Meetings, Conferences &Seminar Lectures Radio &Television
Example of Oral Communication An Impromptu Speech• An impromptu speech is the most difficult form of public speaking assignment.• It’s a type of speech that will not give you enough time to prepare.• But even with little to no preparation, you are still expected to deliver a great speech.• A badly delivered speech is inexcusable even though you didn’t have any time to prepare.
Functions of Communication • Gives information • Knowledge management • Decision making • Coordinating work activities • Creates control • Express feeling / emotion
Types of Speech Communication• Informative – This speech serves to provide interesting and useful information to your audience. Some examples of informative speeches: – A teacher telling students about earthquakes – A student talking about her research – A travelogue about the Tower of London – A computer programmer speaking about new software
Types of Speech Communication•Demonstrative – This has many similarities withan informative speech. A demonstrative speech alsoteaches you something. The main difference lies inincluding a demonstration of how to do the thingyou’re teaching. Some examples of demonstrativespeeches: * How to start your own blog * How to bake a cake * How to write a speech * How to… just about anything
Types of Speech Communication•Persuasive – A persuasive speech works toconvince people to change in some way: they think,the way they do something, or to start doingsomething that they are not currently doing. Someexamples of persuasive speeches: • Become an organ donor • Improve your health through better eating • Television violence is negatively influencing our children • Become a volunteer and change the world
Types of Speech Communication•Entertaining — The after-dinner speech is atypical example of an entertaining speech. Thespeaker provides pleasure and enjoyment that makethe audience laugh or identify with anecdotalinformation. Some examples of entertainingspeeches: •Excuses for any occasion •Explaining cricket to an American •How to buy a condom discreetly •Things you wouldn’t know without the movies
Levels of Speech Communication Intrapersonal CommunicationInterpersonal Communication Public Communication Mass Communication Group Discussion
COMMON BARRIERS TO COMMUNICATION1. SEMANTICS Definition of words Choice of words
COMMON BARRIERS TO COMMUNICATION2. POOR CHOICE, USE OF CHANNELS When to use certain channel Oral alone: • Simple reprimand • Settle simple dispute Written alone: • Don’t need immediate feedback • Need record
COMMON BARRIERS TO COMMUNICATION2. USE OF CHANNELS Both channels: • Commendation • Serious reprimand • Important policy change Nonverbal • Be aware of it.
COMMON BARRIERS TO COMMUNICATION3. PHYSICAL DISTRACTIONS4. NOISE, PHYSICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL5. STATUS DIFFERENCE6. EFFECTS OF EMOTIONS
COMMON BARRIERS TO COMMUNICATION7. PERCEPTIONS Stereotypes Halo effects Selective perception • See and hear what we expect • Ignore if conflicts with “what we know.” Projection
COMMON BARRIERS TO COMMUNICATION8. FILTERING, SCREENING NEGATIVE INFORMTAION9. EVALUATING THE SOURCE10.ABSENCE OF FEEDBACK, POOR FEEDBACK
COMMON BARRIERS TO COMMUNICATION11. INFORMATION, DATA OVERLOAD12. POOR LISTENING LISTEN TO RESPOND LISTEN TO UNDERSTAND
TO OVERCOME BARRIERS:Learn to use feedback well.Be sensitive to receiver’s point of view.Listen to UNDERSTAND!Use direct, simple language, or at least use language appropriate to the receiver.Use proper channel(s). Learn to use channels well.Learn to use supportive communication, not defensive communication.
STRATEGIES TO REDUCE FEAR• Know your Environment• Know your Audience• Know your Speech• Learn to Relax• Visualize a Successful Speech• Evaluate Yourself
Things You Shouldn’t Do • Read directly from notes • Read directly from screen • Turn back on audience • Slouch, hands in pockets • No um, ah, you know’s, so • No nervous gestures • Talk too fast, • Talk too quietly
Things You Should Do • Eye contact • Can glance at notes • Appropriate gestures • Rhetorical questions to involve audience
Ten Successful Tips Control the ―Butterflies‖• Know the room- become familiar with the place of presentation• Know the audience- greet or chat with the audience before hand. It’s easier to speak to friends than to strangers• Know your material-increased nervousness is due to un-preparedness
Control the ―Butterflies‖• Relaxation- relax entire body by stretching and breathing so as to ease the tension• Visualize giving your speech-Visualize yourself giving your speech from start to finish. By visualizing yourself successful, you will be successful
Control the ―Butterflies‖• People want you to succeed-the audience is there to see you succeed not to fail• Don’t apologize-by mentioning your nervousness or apologizing, you’ll only be calling the audience’s attention to mistakes
Control the ―Butterflies‖• Concentrate on your message-not the medium. Focus on the message you are trying to convey and not on your anxieties• Turn nervousness into positive energy- nervousness increases adrenaline, transform it into vitality and enthusiasm
Control the ―Butterflies‖• Gain experience-experience builds confidence, which is key to effective public speaking