India script

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India script

  1. 1. Video Scriptwriting Dr. Stephen Byers Marquette University
  2. 2. Order is everything <ul><li>Field Research Before You Write. </li></ul><ul><li>Write Before You Shoot. </li></ul><ul><li>Paper Edit Before You Edit. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why a script is important <ul><li>Lets you plan out your video. </li></ul><ul><li>Lets you know what questions to write. </li></ul><ul><li>Lets you plan things like whether you want your questions to play or whether to use voiceovers. </li></ul><ul><li>Lets you focus so you don’t waste time. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is especially true about video. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. From the start . . . <ul><ul><li>From the very start, your research, planning, organization, and writing must be pointed toward answering the question, What will the audience see? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As writer of the script, you have to show the rest of your team and your mentor — and through them the audience — the images that make up the story you want to tell. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You do this with a well-visualized, coherent script that clearly communicates your intentions to the people who will read it. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. From the start . . . <ul><li>The more specifically you can describe your script in terms of concrete images, the better your chance of communicating through video. </li></ul><ul><li>Similarly, the more abstract or interpretive your idea is, the more important it becomes to build up evidence for the idea through concrete images. </li></ul>
  6. 6. From the start . . . <ul><li>To be recorded on video, an image has to be solid, tangible. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Images are described </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>with concrete nouns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and action verbs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A concrete image can </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>be understood in a </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>single shot. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Field research is vital <ul><ul><li>You can't describe what you haven't seen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And you can't use as visual evidence what you don't even know exists. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As a scriptwriter, you not only have to think in pictures, you have to learn to see like a camera. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When you are scouting a scene, a setting, or a location, learn to see what is actually there. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Otherwise your brain may instruct your eye to filter out whatever the brain considers unimportant. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Don’t forget the story <ul><li>Remember that story arc: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A beginning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A middle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An end </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Some tips from experts <ul><ul><ul><li>Nail your narrative down as much as possible </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t be clear and linear -- and boring, or be experimental -- and pretentious. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use your time to explore something in detail; rather than skim over something big of which you'll barely scratch the surface. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Some tips from experts <ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure you’re showing something new or unusual. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you’re featuring a student musician, why is that one more important than others? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you’re doing a video about a library archive, why is that important? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you’re doing a story about a recording studio, how do you bring it to life? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Some tips from experts <ul><li>Pre-Interview! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make notes and prepare questions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Write a script, even if you don't know all the subjects answers yet, imagine what they might be, research with pre-interviews would help you here. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The script should contain visual as well as verbal information. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Some tips from experts <ul><ul><li>Once you've done your interviews, do a transcript and then a paper edit . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Don ’ t waste time while you wallow in footage as you seek a story. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It gives you a script to work on when you go into the edit room. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It seems like a drag but it will save you loads of time. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Tips from the experts <ul><ul><li>Write out the script, including what you expect the interviewees to say. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Then, when you are conducting interviews, ask questions that will result in the sorts of answers you are looking for. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. A 3-Panel Script
  15. 15. Order is everything <ul><li>Field Research Before You Write. </li></ul><ul><li>Write Before You Shoot. </li></ul><ul><li>Paper Edit Before You Edit. </li></ul>

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