Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
Federal bureaucracy
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Federal bureaucracy

  • 1,644 views
Published

 

Published in Education , Career , News & Politics
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,644
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3

Actions

Shares
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 9 The Executive Branch and the Federal Bureaucracy To Accompany Comprehensive, Alternate, and Texas Editions American Government: Roots and Reform , 10th edition Karen O ’Connor and Larry J. Sabato  Pearson Education, 2009 
  • 2. The Roots of Bureaucracy
    • Foreign Affairs, War, Treasury first departments.
    • Growth in early 1800s with Post Office.
    • Patronage and the spoils system become common.
    • Civil War spawns another expansion.
    • Pendleton Act is beginning of civil service system .
    • Also known as merit system .
    • Creation of independent regulatory commissions .
  • 3. Twentieth-Century Bureaucracy
    • Growing number of cabinet departments.
    • Need for a larger government to support wars .
    • New Deal and Great Society.
  • 4. Modern Bureaucracy
    • More than 2.7 million employees .
    • Most are selected based on merit.
    • Also have high-level appointees.
    • Wide variety of skills represented.
    • Less diverse than America .
    • Scattered throughout D.C. and regional offices .
    • Growth of outside contractors.
  • 5. Formal Organization
    • Cabinet departments handle broad, lasting issues.
    • Headed by secretaries.
    • Government corporations act like businesses.
    • Independent executive agencies handle services.
    • Narrower than Cabinet department, independent.
    • Independent regulatory commissions watch industry.
    • Designed to be free from partisan pressure.
  • 6. Government Workers and Politics
    • Hatch Act sets first boundaries.
    • Federal Employees Political Act is current standard.
  • 7. Characteristics of Bureaucracy
    • Chain of command from top to bottom.
    • Division of labor.
    • Clear lines of authority.
    • Goal orientation.
    • Merit system.
    • Productivity.
  • 8. How the Bureaucracy Works
    • Congress creates agencies.
    • Main job is implementation of laws.
    • Policy made in iron triangles or issue networks .
    • Increasing use of interagency councils .
  • 9. Making Policy
    • Administrative discretion allows a lot of latitude.
    • Rule-making is a quasi-legislative process.
    • Formal procedure for making regulations .
    • Administrative adjudication is quasi-judicial process.
    • Used to settle disputes between two parties.
  • 10. Agency Accountability
    • Unclear who agencies should be accountable to.
    • Presidents try to make the right appointments.
    • Can also shape policy through executive orders .
    • Congress can use oversight powers and funding.
    • Police patrol v. fire alarm oversight.
    • Judiciary can review regulations.
  • 11. AV- Growth of Government  Back
  • 12. Figure 9.1- Civilian Employment  Back
  • 13. Figure 9.2- Employee Characteristics  Back
  • 14. Figure 9.3- Agency Regions  Back
  • 15. Figure 9.4- The Executive Branch  Back
  • 16. Figure 9.5- An Iron Triangle  Back
  • 17. Figure 9.6- Rulemaking  Back
  • 18. Table 9.1- FEPA  Back
  • 19. Table 9.2- Agency Accountability  Back