Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

4

Share

Federalism

Break down of American Federalism.

Federalism

  1. 1. Chapter 3 The Federal System Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Brooks Kraft/Corbis News/Corbis
  2. 2. The Constitutional Structure of Federalism <ul><ul><li>Powers of the National Government: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Delegated or Enumerated Powers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative Power is vested in the Congress. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution delegates powers to the Congress. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Necessary and Proper Clause (also known as the Elastic Clause) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Implied Powers: gives Congress the means to exercise its delegated authority. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Powers of the National Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Article II </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Executive Branch – power to enforce laws </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Article III </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Judicial Branch – power to interpret laws </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Article IV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Supremacy Clause — national and state governments share power </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This clause declares that the laws of the U.S. take precedence over state laws. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. The Constitutional Structure of Federalism
  4. 4. <ul><li>The Role of the States in the Federal System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The relationship of states with one another and with the national government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Article IV — Full Faith and Credit and the Privileges and Immunities Clauses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>States exercise reserved or residual powers — 10th Amendment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>State authority includes the power to </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>tax and spend, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>regulate land use through eminent domain, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>regulate local commerce . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>The Constitutional Structure of Federalism Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  5. 5. <ul><ul><ul><li>Concurrent powers include those exercised by both the national and state governments. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples include </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power to tax </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power to spend and regulate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eminent domain </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Mauro Saivezzo/Shutterstock
  6. 6. <ul><li>The States’ Rights Debate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Controversy: Central question of federalism is “Who should do what?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National government supporters believe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>only a strong central government is capable of ensuring the rights and liberties of its citizens. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>States’ rights advocates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>argue for limiting the implied powers of the national government. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>National Supremacy & the Supreme Court Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  7. 7. Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Yellowj/Shutterstock Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>The Role of the Supreme Court has been central in the argument between the two sides. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>McCulloch v. Maryland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(1819) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) </li></ul></ul>National Supremacy & the Supreme Court Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  9. 9. <ul><ul><li>Early 1930s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Court limited the power of the national government by striking down key elements of the New Deal as unconstitutional. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginning in 1937 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Court began finding New Deal legislation constitutional, but in subsequent years it rarely found a constitutional limitation on the exercise of federal power. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle 1990s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Court changed in attitude when it overturned the Gun-Free School Zone Act of 1990 and one provision of the Brady Act, a federal gun-control law. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Court invalidated a provision of the Violence Against Women Act. </li></ul></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. National Supremacy & the Supreme Court
  10. 10. Federal Grant Programs <ul><li>Program Adoption </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal projects are created through the congressional authorization process. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Their funding comes through the annual appropriations process. </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Yellowj/Shutterstock
  11. 11. Federal Grant Programs <ul><li>Types of Federal Programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Categorical Grant – narrowly defined purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Block Grant – broad, general policy area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some federal programs, including Medicaid and Social Security, are entitlement programs, providing benefits to all persons qualified to receive them. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some funding comes through competitive project grant programs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other money is distributed through formula grant programs. </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  12. 12. Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Pakhnyushcha/Shutterstock
  13. 13. <ul><li>Grant Conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many grant programs are based on the idea of matching funds. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress can also impose federal mandates on recipients of federal funds. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unfunded mandate – requirement imposed on the states by Congress that does not provide funding. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unfunded Mandates Reform Act 1995 – passed to curb the growth in unfunded mandates. </li></ul></ul>Federal Grant Programs Copyright © 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • msgatlin

    Nov. 5, 2013
  • EmilyLynnGiunta

    Sep. 8, 2013
  • KathySchindler

    May. 30, 2013
  • ndclaw

    Sep. 27, 2011

Break down of American Federalism.

Views

Total views

1,053

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

2

Actions

Downloads

0

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

4

×