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US History Regents Review Catalog 2014-15
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PO 101 Federalism

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PO 101 Federalism

  1. 1. PO 101 Fall 2016
  2. 2. INSTRUCTIONS With your copies of the U.S. Constitution, complete the worksheet as a group.
  3. 3. Congress: Legislate President: Execute Judiciary: Interpret
  4. 4.  No power to draft soldiers or pay for military  No power to regulate commerce  No power to tax
  5. 5.  Strengthened power of national government
  6. 6.  Protects AgainstTyranny  Dispersion and Diffusion of Power  Increases Participation  Improves Efficiency  Ensures Policy Responsiveness / Innovation  Reduces Conflict
  7. 7.  Creates Confusion & Reduces Accountability  Increases Conflict  “NIMBY,” Impact on National Unity  Creates Inequality  Money, Economic Inequality, Law and Justice
  8. 8.  Grants specific powers to national government  Limits on powers granted to federal government and states  Lays out relationships among states and between states and federal government
  9. 9. What is the supremacy clause?
  10. 10.  Article I, Section 8  Examples:  Coin money  Regulate interstate and foreign commerce  Tax imports and exports  Make treaties  Declare war
  11. 11.  Known as “elastic clause”  Grants Congress power to pass laws “which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the Foregoing powers”
  12. 12.  TenthAmendment  What is the “police power?”  Guarantee Clause (Article IV, Section 4)  “The United States shall guarantee to every state in this union a republican form of government…”  Federalist 39 (Madison)
  13. 13.  Taxing  Borrowing and Spending Money  Establishing Court Systems  Regulating Elections
  14. 14.  “Writ of Habeas Corpus”  Latin for “have you the body”
  15. 15.  States cannot enter treaties or alliances  14th and 15th Amendments to Constitution  Fourteenth: Due Pr0cess, Equal Protection Clauses  Fifteenth: Voting Rights
  16. 16. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN NATION AND STATES  Supremacy Clause  ArticleVI, Clause 2  “This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States… shall be the supreme law of the land…” RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STATES  Full Faith and Credit Clause  Privileges & Immunities Clause  “The Congress shall have power to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper to secure to the citizens of each state all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states...”
  17. 17. (1789-1933)
  18. 18.  “Layer-Cake”  National and state governments have separate influence
  19. 19. ROGERTANEY DRED SCOTT
  20. 20. (1933-1964)
  21. 21.  “Marble-Cake”  National and state government work together for Americans
  22. 22. The shift from dual to cooperative federalism occurred due to federal govt. expanding its rule over time.
  23. 23. (1964-1980)
  24. 24.  National government is responsible for policy  What is the role of state and local governments?  Sometimes called “picket-fence” federalism
  25. 25. Federalism in the White House
  26. 26. Signing the Civil Rights Act Categorical grants helped fund LBJ’s “War on Poverty”
  27. 27. (1980-2002)
  28. 28.  Increase in devolution to subnational units (states)  Categorical Grants  Money given for specific purposes or categories ▪ Examples:Transportation, Health Care, Education, Employment  Nixon Administration  General Revenue Sharing  Money spent however states wanted  Reagan and Block Grants  Money given for broad purposes  Local areas decide how to spend money  Reduced size and power of federal govt.
  29. 29. (2002-Present)
  30. 30.  Choosing national or subnational supremacy President Barack Obama Governor Mark Sanford

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