Modern Typeface
What is Modern typeface ?
In typographic design, modern identifies to the typefaces of
late eighteenth and nineteenth cent...
History of Modern typeface
1783

The first Modern typeface which is also called “Didone“ is
attributed to Frenchman Firmin...
Bodoni’s Manuale Tipografico (1818)

It contains 142 roman typefaces and their corresponding
italics. The second volume in...
What makes a Modern typeface Modern?
•	 Strong contrast between thick and thin strokes.
•	 Vertical axis.
•	 Mechanical ap...
Abrupt serifs

High contrast

didone

Horizontal stress

Vertical axis

Characteristics of Modern / Didone typefaces

Smal...
Caslon

Old style

Baskerville
Transitional

Didot

Modern

Typeface
Typeface
Typeface
Didot

designed by Firmin Didot in 1783

Foundry: Hoefler & Frere Jones // Release year: (1784-1811) 1991 //
Classificatio...
Scalloped terminal

Retor
Very high contrast,
vertical stress

Teardrop terminal

leg extends laterally
from stem past wid...
Large dot, placed
far from body

quais
Heavy ball terminal

Moderate x-height,
long extender

Large bowl extends
beyond up...
Teardrop terminal

Long ear with small
ball terminal

Sfg
Very large lower bowl
10 pts

Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it
reveals meaning—through the ...
Bauer Bodoni

designed by (Giambattista Bodoni) Henrich Josh
Foundry: Bauer Type foundry, Naufville, Bitstream // Release ...
Ball terminals varies in
“g” and “a”

Regola
Full round bowls on “a”
and “g”
leg extends laterally
from stem past width
of...
Some thin strokes have serifs
with slight bracketing

Dot placed very high above body

Stivo
Abrupt change from
thick to t...
10 pts

Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it
reveals meaning—through the ...
Modern no. 20
designed by Edouard Benguiat

Release year: Mid-1900 // Classification: Didone serif

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQ
RSTU...
changes in ear

Regolati
SQf2
Less aperture

leg turns up at end
10 pts

Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it
reveals meaning—through the ...
Fenice

designed by Aldo Novarese

Foundry: Bauer Type foundry, Naufville, Bitstream // Release year: 1977-80 //
Classific...
Straight Ear

Changes in finial

Regolativo
Change in serif

less aperture
10 pts

Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it
reveals meaning—through the ...
Filosofia

designed by Zuzana Licko

Foundry: Emigre // Release year: 1996 // Classification: Didone serif

ABCDEFGHIJKLMN...
Moderate sized eye
and aperture

Ball terminals rather
than serif

Reclassifying
O20
Prominent tail

Large bowl extends
be...
10 pts

Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it
reveals meaning—through the ...
http://www.sitepoint.com
http://www.sitepoint.com
http://www.sitepoint.com
References
Modern Typography- an essay in critical history by Robin Kinross
The Elements of Typographic Style, page 130
Th...
Modern typeface
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Modern typeface

  1. 1. Modern Typeface
  2. 2. What is Modern typeface ? In typographic design, modern identifies to the typefaces of late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries with flat, unbracketed serifs with extreme contrasts between their thick and thin strokes.
  3. 3. History of Modern typeface 1783 The first Modern typeface which is also called “Didone“ is attributed to Frenchman Firmin Didot. 1784 Giambattista Bodoni created “Bodoni“ taking influence from Romains du roi and Baskerville type. 1806 Giambattista Bodoni exhibited 14 of his books at the Exhibition of National Industry in Paris, where he was awarded gold medals.
  4. 4. Bodoni’s Manuale Tipografico (1818) It contains 142 roman typefaces and their corresponding italics. The second volume includes numerous ornaments, Arabic, Greek, Russian, and Tibetan types. http://www.rarebookroom.org
  5. 5. What makes a Modern typeface Modern? • Strong contrast between thick and thin strokes. • Vertical axis. • Mechanical appearance constructed rather than drawn. • Fine, unbracketed, serifs. Examples of typefaces: Didot, Bauer Bodoni, Modern no. 20, Fenice, Filosofia.
  6. 6. Abrupt serifs High contrast didone Horizontal stress Vertical axis Characteristics of Modern / Didone typefaces Small aperture
  7. 7. Caslon Old style Baskerville Transitional Didot Modern Typeface Typeface Typeface
  8. 8. Didot designed by Firmin Didot in 1783 Foundry: Hoefler & Frere Jones // Release year: (1784-1811) 1991 // Classification: Didone serif ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOP Q R ST UVW XY Z abcdefghijklmnopqrst uvwxyz 0123456789
  9. 9. Scalloped terminal Retor Very high contrast, vertical stress Teardrop terminal leg extends laterally from stem past width of bowl, turns up slightly at end Large eye, moderate aperture
  10. 10. Large dot, placed far from body quais Heavy ball terminal Moderate x-height, long extender Large bowl extends beyond upper stroke Long thin serif without brackets Upper stroke much shorter than lower stroke
  11. 11. Teardrop terminal Long ear with small ball terminal Sfg Very large lower bowl
  12. 12. 10 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning—through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s). 12 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning—through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s). 14 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning— through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s). 18 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning—through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s).
  13. 13. Bauer Bodoni designed by (Giambattista Bodoni) Henrich Josh Foundry: Bauer Type foundry, Naufville, Bitstream // Release year: (1790)1926 // Classification: Didone serif ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRS TUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwx yz 0123456789
  14. 14. Ball terminals varies in “g” and “a” Regola Full round bowls on “a” and “g” leg extends laterally from stem past width of bowl, turns up slightly at end Large eye, moderate aperture Very thin serif without bracket
  15. 15. Some thin strokes have serifs with slight bracketing Dot placed very high above body Stivo Abrupt change from thick to thin stroke
  16. 16. 10 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning—through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s). 12 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning—through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s). 14 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning—through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s). 18 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning— through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s).
  17. 17. Modern no. 20 designed by Edouard Benguiat Release year: Mid-1900 // Classification: Didone serif ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQ RSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvw xyz 0123456789
  18. 18. changes in ear Regolati SQf2 Less aperture leg turns up at end
  19. 19. 10 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning—through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s). 12 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning—through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s). 14 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning—through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s). 18 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning—through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s).
  20. 20. Fenice designed by Aldo Novarese Foundry: Bauer Type foundry, Naufville, Bitstream // Release year: 1977-80 // Classification: Didone serif ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQR STUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstu vwxyz 0123456789
  21. 21. Straight Ear Changes in finial Regolativo Change in serif less aperture
  22. 22. 10 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning—through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s). 12 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning—through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s). 14 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning—through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s). 18 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning—through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s).
  23. 23. Filosofia designed by Zuzana Licko Foundry: Emigre // Release year: 1996 // Classification: Didone serif ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTU VWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwx yz 0123456789
  24. 24. Moderate sized eye and aperture Ball terminals rather than serif Reclassifying O20 Prominent tail Large bowl extends beyond the instroke Heavy ball terminal in “c”, “a”, ‘“y” Long unbracketed serifs of moderate height and soft rounded ends Large lower bowl with relatively low stroke contrast No stroke contrast
  25. 25. 10 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning—through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s). 12 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning—through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s). 14 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning—through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s). 18 pts Typography is the art of the letterform, the visual communication of type, and how it reveals meaning—through the design of letters and words, whose purpose is to express idea(s).
  26. 26. http://www.sitepoint.com
  27. 27. http://www.sitepoint.com
  28. 28. http://www.sitepoint.com
  29. 29. References Modern Typography- an essay in critical history by Robin Kinross The Elements of Typographic Style, page 130 The Typographic Revolution—Porchez Typofonderie Stop Stealing Sheep & Find Out How Type Works, page 83 Exploring Typography by Tora Rabinowitz http://typedia.com http://www.thinkingwithtype.com
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