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Path goal theory

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  • 1. Path –Goal TheoryDeveloped by Robert HouseA theory which describes: How leaders can motivate their followers to achieve group and organizational goals and the kinds of behaviors leaders can engage into motivate followers.
  • 2. Path-Goal Theory: Brief DescriptionIt is about how leaders motivate followers to accomplish designated goalsThe stated goal of leadership is to enhance employee performance and employee satisfaction by focusing on employee motivationEmphasizes the relationship between the leader’s style and characteristics of the followers and the work settingThe leader must use a style that best meets the followers motivational needs
  • 3. Guidelines for Path-Goal TheoryDetermine what outcomes subordinates are trying to obtain in the workplaceReward subordinates for performing at a high level or achieving their work goals by giving them desired outcomesMake sure subordinates believe that they can obtain their work goals and perform at a high level
  • 4. Leadership BehaviorsDirective leadershipSupportive LeadershipParticipative LeadershipAchievement-Oriented LeadershipNote: House assumes leaders are flexible, can display any behaviors depending on the situations
  • 5. Subordinate CharacteristicsNeed for affiliation: prefer supportive leadershipPreferences for structure: prefer directive leadershipDesires of control: prefer participative leadershipSelf-perceived level of task ability: prefer achievement orientated leadership
  • 6. Path-Goal Theory
  • 7. Path –Goal Variables and Predictions
  • 8. Path-Goal TheoryProsHelps understand how leader behavior effects subordinates satisfaction and work performanceDeals directly with motivation – one of the only theories to address thisProvides a very practical model – make a clear path and follow it
  • 9. Path-Goal TheoryConsThis is a very complex theory that incorporates many aspects of leadershipResearch only partially supports the theoryFails to explain adequately the relationship between leader behavior and subordinate motivationTreats leadership as a one way street, places a majority of the responsibility on the leader