Seismograph. Learn more at….
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/learn/topics/seismology/keeping_track.php
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
-Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations
when appropriate.
-Example of indent.
-Skip a line between topics
-...
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
• BLACK SLIDE: Pay at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
• What is this?
• Recreation ancient Chinese Seismograph
from 132 AD.
– Copper balls would fall out into a frogs mouth
forecasting and rep...
• The seismograph uses a counterweight
system, pen, and moving piece of paper.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Seismograph: An instrument used to
measure the shaking caused by an
earthquake.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Seismograph: An instrument used to
measure the shaking caused by an
earthquake.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Inertia:...
 Seismograph: An instrument used to
measure the shaking caused by an
earthquake.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Inertia:...
 Seismograph: An instrument used to
measure the shaking caused by an
earthquake.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Inertia:...
• Activity Link! Make a seismograph
• http://pbskids.org/zoom/activities/sci/seism
ometer.html or http://science-
mattersb...
• iSeismometer for the Ipad
– Learn more at…
http://www.iseismometer.com/
• Video Link! Seismographs and Seismomitor
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gbd1FcuLJLQ
• Activity! Human Seismograph.
– Need person in rolling chair.
– String.
– Weight on end of string.
– Pen tied to weight.
...
Seismograph. Learn more at….
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/learn/topics/seismology/keeping_track.php
• Activity! Creating a mini earthquake.
– Patter feet and hands on desk quietly as small
vibrations are recorded.
– Increa...
 Richter Scale - Scale for measuring
earthquake magnitude.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Richter Scale - Scale for measuring
earthquake magnitude.
 A magnitude 7.0 earthquake generates 10
times larger amplitu...
 Richter Scale - Scale for measuring
earthquake magnitude.
 A magnitude 7.0 earthquake generates 10
times larger amplitu...
 Richter Scale - Scale for measuring
earthquake magnitude.
 A magnitude 7.0 earthquake generates 10
times larger amplitu...
 Richter Scale - Scale for measuring
earthquake magnitude.
 A magnitude 7.0 earthquake generates 10
times larger amplitu...
• Top 10 Largest earthquakes in the world
since 1900.
Learn more about the Top Ten Earthquakes at…
http://earthquake.usgs....
• #10) 1957 Andreanof Islands, Alaska
Magnitude 8.6
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• #9) 1950 Assam - Tibet
• Magnitude 8.6
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• #8) 2005 Northern Sumatra, Indonesia
• Magnitude 8.6
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• #8) 2005 Northern
Sumatra, Indonesia
• Magnitude 8.6
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“Hoot” “Hoot” “I sure
hope everyone...
• #8) 2005 Northern
Sumatra, Indonesia
• Magnitude 8.6
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“Hoot” “Hoot” “I sure
hope everyone...
• #7) 1965 Rat Islands, Alaska
• Magnitude 8.7
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• #6) 1906 Off the Coast of Ecuador
• Magnitude 8.8
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• #5) 2010 Offshore of Chile
• Magnitude 8.8
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• #4) 1952 Kamchatka
• Magnitude 9.0
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• #4) 2011 Japan
• Magnitude 9.0
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Japanese earthquake, tsunami, and
dangers associated with nuclear power /
meltdown occurred.
• #3) 2004 Off the coast of Northern
Sumatra,
• Magnitude 9.1
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• #2) 1964 Prince William Sound, Alaska
• Magnitude 9.2
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• #1) Chile 1960
• Magnitude 9.5
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Other notable earthquakes.
– New Madrid Missouri Earthquake 1811-1812
– Between 7 and 8 on Richter Scale
– Area was spar...
• Other notable earthquakes.
– New Madrid Missouri Earthquake 1811-1812
– Between 7 and 8 on Richter Scale
– Area was spar...
• The Loma Prieta Earthquake (World Series
Earthquake) 1989
– Hit San Francisco Bay Area (6.9)
• San Francisco Earthquake 1906
– Huge death toll from collapse of buildings and
fire storm that emerged as a result.
– Ma...
• The Great Kantō earthquake (1923) Mainland
Japan.
– 7.9 on the Richter Scale (140,000 dead)
– Occurred at lunchtime and ...
• Many more earthquakes have devastated
humanity than were presented in this short
list.
• Many more earthquakes have devastated
humanity than were presented in this short
list.
• Many more earthquakes have devastated
humanity than were presented in this short
list.
• Final Warning. The Cascadia Fault
– The US Northwest is struck by a major
earthquake every 240 years on average.
– It‟s ...
• Recent earthquakes over last seven days
from around the world and magnitude.
– Note how most earthquakes will be on plat...
• You can now skip ahead a bit to complete
this question.
• You can now skip ahead a bit to complete
this question.
 Epicenter: The point on the earth's surface
that is directly above the hypocenter or
focus.
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P....
 Epicenter: The point on the earth's surface
that is directly above the hypocenter or
focus.
Just above the earthquake
C...
 Epicenter: The point on the earth's surface
that is directly above the hypocenter or
focus.
Just above the earthquake /...
 Epicenter: The point on the earth's surface
that is directly above the hypocenter or
focus.
Just above the earthquake /...
 Epicenter: The point on the earth's surface
that is directly above the hypocenter or
focus.
Just above the earthquake /...
• Activity! Sheet
Provided
– Locating the Epicenter,
Hypocenter, and some
basic Origami
– Please cut out the box
– Color i...
• Activity! Sheet
Provided
– Locating the Epicenter,
Hypocenter, and some
basic Origami
– Please cut out the box
– Color i...
• Activity! Sheet
Provided
– Locating the Epicenter,
Hypocenter, and some
basic Origami
– Please cut out the box
– Color i...
• Activity! Sheet
Provided
– Locating the Epicenter,
Hypocenter, and some
basic Origami
– Please cut out the box
– Color i...
• Activity! Sheet
Provided
– Locating the Epicenter,
Hypocenter, and some
basic Origami
– Please cut out the box
– Color i...
• Activity! Sheet
Provided
– Locating the Epicenter,
Hypocenter, and some
basic Origami
– Please cut out the box
– Color i...
• Activity! Sheet
Provided
– Locating the Epicenter,
Hypocenter, and some
basic Origami
– Please cut out the box
– Color i...
• Activity! Sheet
Provided
– Locating the Epicenter,
Hypocenter, and some
basic Origami
– Please cut out the box
– Color i...
Hypocenter / Focus
Hypocenter / Focus
Hypocenter / Focus
Primary Waves
Secondary
Waves
Hypocenter / Focus
Primary Waves
Secondary
Waves
Hypocenter / Focus
Primary Waves
Secondary
Waves
Fault Line
Hypocenter / Focus
Primary Waves
Secondary
Waves
Fault Line
Hypocenter / Focus
Epicenter
Primary Waves
Secondary
Waves
Fault Line
Hypocenter / Focus
Epicenter
Primary Waves
Secondary
Waves
Fault Line
Hypocenter / Focus
Epicenter
Primary Waves
Secondary
Waves
Reverse /
Thrust Fault
Fault Line
Hypocenter / Focus
Epicenter
Primary Waves
Secondary
Waves
Reverse /
Thrust Fault
Fault Line
Hypocenter / Focus
Epicenter
Primary Waves
Secondary
Waves
Reverse /
Thrust Fault
Fault Line
Hypocenter / Focus
Epicenter
Primary Waves
Secondary
Waves
Reverse /
Thrust Fault
Fault Line
“OH-No!”
“One more time.”
Reverse /
Thrust Fault
Reverse /
Thrust Fault
Reverse /
Thrust Fault
Fault Line
Reverse /
Thrust Fault
Fault Line
Hypocenter / Focus
Reverse /
Thrust Fault
Fault Line
Hypocenter / Focus
Reverse /
Thrust Fault
Fault Line
Hypocenter / Focus
Primary Waves
Secondary
Waves
Reverse /
Thrust Fault
Fault Line
Hypocenter / Focus
Primary Waves
Secondary
Waves
Reverse /
Thrust Fault
Fault Line
Hypocenter / Focus
Epicenter
Primary Waves
Secondary
Waves
Reverse /
Thrust Fault
Fault Line
Hypocenter / Focus
Epicenter
Primary Waves
Secondary
Waves
Reverse /
Thrust Fault
Fault Line
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
P and S waves travel at known
velocities th...
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
P and S waves travel at known
velocities th...
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
P and S waves travel at known
velocities th...
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
P and S waves travel at known
velocities th...
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
P and S waves travel at known
velocities th...
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
P and S waves travel at known
velocities th...
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
P and S waves travel at known
velocities th...
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
P and S waves travel at known
velocities th...
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
P and S waves travel at known
velocities th...
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
P and S waves travel at known
velocities th...
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
P and S waves travel at known
velocities th...
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
P and S waves travel at known
velocities th...
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
P and S waves travel at known
velocities th...
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
P and S waves travel at known
velocities th...
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
P and S waves travel at known
velocities th...
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
P and S waves travel at known
velocities th...
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
P and S waves travel at known
velocities th...
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine it‟s location.
P and S waves travel at known
velocities th...
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
S and P
interval
• Activity! S and P Gap.
– Have two students line up next to each other
against the wall.
– Label one as the fast walker (...
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
START TIMER
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
START TIMER
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
START TIMER
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
START TIMER
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
END TIMER START TIMER
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
END TIMER START TIMER
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
END TIMER START TIMER START
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
END TIMER START TIMER START
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
END TIMER END TIMER START
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
END TIMER END TIMER START
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
END TIMER END TIMER START
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
END TIMER END TIMER START
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
END TIMER END TIMER END
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
END TIMER END TIMER END
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
END TIMER END TIMER END
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
END TIMER END TIMER END
• Activity! S and P Gap.
P-Wave
S-Wave
END TIMER END TIMER END
Compare times of the gap
between the P wave and the S
wave ...
• An earthquake requires three monitoring
stations to determine its location.
– Where‟s the epicenter of the earthquake
be...
A
A
A
S and P Wave gap
time / distance
measured from
monitoring station
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
C
A
• Where „s the earthquake below?
B
C
A
• Where „s the earthquake below?
B
C
A Epicenter
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B
C
A
D
E
F
G
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B
C
A
D
E
F
G
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B
C
A
D
E
F
G
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B
C
A
D
E
F
G
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B
C
A
D
E
F
G
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B
C
A
Epicenter
D
E
F
G
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B C
A
D
E
F
G
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B C
A
D
E
F
G
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B C
A
D
E
F
G
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B C
A
D
E
F
G
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B C
A
D
E
F
G
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B C
A
Epicenter
D
E
F
G
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B C
A
D
E
F
G
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B C
A
D
E
F
G
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B C
A
D
E
F
G
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B C
A
D
E
F
G
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B C
A
D
E
F
G
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B C
A
D
E
F
G
• Where „s the earthquake epicenter below?
B C
A
D
E
F
G
• Quick Activity! Working the process
backwards.
– Make a right triangle in the middle of your page.
– Mark each point (A,...
• Quick Activity! Working the process
backwards.
– Make a right triangle in the middle of your page.
– Mark each point (A,...
• Quick Activity! Working the process
backwards.
– Make a right triangle in the middle of your page.
– Mark each point (A,...
• Quick Activity! Working the process
backwards.
– Make a right triangle in the middle of your page.
– Mark each point (A,...
• Quick Activity! Working the process
backwards.
– Make a right triangle in the middle of your page.
– Mark each point (A,...
• Quick Activity! Working the process
backwards.
– Make a right triangle in the middle of your page.
– Mark each point (A,...
• Quick Activity! Working the process
backwards.
– Make a right triangle in the middle of your page.
– Mark each point (A,...
• Quick Activity! Working the process
backwards.
– Make a right triangle in the middle of your page.
– Mark each point (A,...
• Quick Activity! Working the process
backwards.
– Make a right triangle in the middle of your page.
– Mark each point (A,...
A
A
B
A
B
C
A
B
C
*
Epicenter
A
B
C
*
Epicenter
A
B
C
*
Epicenter
A
B
C
*
Epicenter
A
B
C
*
Epicenter
A
B
C
*
Epicenter
A
B
C
*
Epicenter
*
A
B
C
*
Epicenter
*
Measure the distances from
each monitoring station to
the epicenter.
A
B
C
*
Epicenter
*
Measure the distances from
each monitoring station to
the epicenter.
Distance to epicenter determined ...
• Activity – Finding the Epicenter
• http://www.geology.ar.gov/pdf/Locating_an_e
picenter_activity.pdf
• http://www.oakton...
• Do earthquakes kill people?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Earthquakes don‟t generally kill
people,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Earthquakes don‟t generally kill
people, poorly built buildings do.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The type of soil a building is on, and the
design / construction of the building has a lot
to do with how well the build...
• Liquefaction: A process where sand or
landfill will often change from a wet solid
into a dense liquid, which further amp...
• Liquefaction: A process where sand or
landfill will often change from a wet solid
into a dense liquid, which further amp...
• Activity!
– Fill a tray with dry sand several inches or at
least 12 cm.
– Fill a one liter soda bottle with water and ca...
• Activity!
– Fill a tray with dry sand several inches or at
least 12 cm.
– Fill a one liter soda bottle with water and ca...
• Activity!
– Fill a tray with dry sand several inches or at
least 12 cm.
– Fill a one liter soda bottle with water and ca...
• Activity!
– Moisten sand but don‟t super saturate.
– Shake tray and observe what happens.
• Activity!
– Moisten sand but don‟t super saturate.
– Shake tray and observe what happens.
• Activity!
– Fill tray with lots of water so water is visible on
the surface..
– Shake tray and observe what happens.
• Activity!
– Fill tray with lots of water so water is visible on
the surface..
– Shake tray and observe what happens.
• Activity!
– Fill tray with lots of water so water is visible on
the surface..
– Shake tray and observe what happens.
– W...
• Activity!
– Fill tray with lots of water so water is visible on
the surface..
– Shake tray and observe what happens.
– W...
• Activity!
– Fill tray with lots of water so water is visible on
the surface..
– Shake tray and observe what happens.
– W...
• Videos (Optional) Liquefaction
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rn3oAvmZY8k
Japan
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tvYKc...
• Building on loose sand and poorly packed fill
material increases the intensity of the an
earthquake.
Copyright © 2010 Ry...
• Building on loose sand and poorly packed fill
material increases the intensity of the an
earthquake.
– Building on solid...
• Many of our major cities have large areas
that are built on sand and fill. 
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which area experienced liquefaction
based on the seismic waves?
A
B
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Area A because the seismic
waves were more severe.
A
B
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Try and figure out the picture beneath the
boxes. Raise your hand when you think
you know.
– You only get one guess.
Cop...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
• This part of the PowerPoint roadmap is just one small
part of my Geology Topics Unit. This unit includes…
• A six part 6...
Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit:
-Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: Plate Tectonics, Evidence f...
• This was a very brief tour. Please visit the
links below to learn more about each of the
units in this curriculum packag...
Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_In...
• More Units Available at…
Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics
Unit, The Astronomy Topic...
• The entire four year curriculum can be found at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to
contact me with any...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint
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Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint

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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Geology Topics unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 6000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 14 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 12 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow are meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and review questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, 6 PowerPoint review Game, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation.
Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: -Plate Tectonics, Evidence for Plate Tectonics, Pangea, Energy Waves, Layers of the Earth, Heat Transfer, Types of Crust, Plate Boundaries, Hot Spots, Volcanoes, Positives and Negatives of Volcanoes, Types of Volcanoes, Parts of a Volcano, Magma, Types of Lava, Viscosity, Earthquakes, Faults, Folds, Seismograph, Richter Scale, Seismograph, Tsunami's, Rocks, Minerals, Crystals, Uses of Minerals, Types of Crystals, Physical Properties of Minerals, Rock Cycle, Common Igneous Rocks, Common Sedimentary Rocks, Common Metamorphic Rocks.
This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and with Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy for Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information
If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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Transcript of "Seismograph, Richter Scale, Epicenter, Hypocenter Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint"

  1. 1. Seismograph. Learn more at…. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/learn/topics/seismology/keeping_track.php
  2. 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  4. 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  6. 6. • What is this?
  7. 7. • Recreation ancient Chinese Seismograph from 132 AD. – Copper balls would fall out into a frogs mouth forecasting and reporting an earthquake.
  8. 8. • The seismograph uses a counterweight system, pen, and moving piece of paper. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  9. 9.  Seismograph: An instrument used to measure the shaking caused by an earthquake. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10.  Seismograph: An instrument used to measure the shaking caused by an earthquake. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Inertia: Counterweight wants to remain at rest.
  11. 11.  Seismograph: An instrument used to measure the shaking caused by an earthquake. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Inertia: But once in motion wants to stay in motion.
  12. 12.  Seismograph: An instrument used to measure the shaking caused by an earthquake. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Inertia: But once in motion wants to stay in motion.
  13. 13. • Activity Link! Make a seismograph • http://pbskids.org/zoom/activities/sci/seism ometer.html or http://science- mattersblog.blogspot.com/2011/04/earthq uakes-make-seismograph.html
  14. 14. • iSeismometer for the Ipad – Learn more at… http://www.iseismometer.com/
  15. 15. • Video Link! Seismographs and Seismomitor – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gbd1FcuLJLQ
  16. 16. • Activity! Human Seismograph. – Need person in rolling chair. – String. – Weight on end of string. – Pen tied to weight. – Paper that two students move. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  17. 17. Seismograph. Learn more at…. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/learn/topics/seismology/keeping_track.php
  18. 18. • Activity! Creating a mini earthquake. – Patter feet and hands on desk quietly as small vibrations are recorded. – Increase the magnitude of the noise when the magnitude of the lines increase. – Stop at end, repeat one more time. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  19. 19.  Richter Scale - Scale for measuring earthquake magnitude. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  20. 20.  Richter Scale - Scale for measuring earthquake magnitude.  A magnitude 7.0 earthquake generates 10 times larger amplitude waves than those of a magnitude 6.0. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  21. 21.  Richter Scale - Scale for measuring earthquake magnitude.  A magnitude 7.0 earthquake generates 10 times larger amplitude waves than those of a magnitude 6.0. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 10 times larger
  22. 22.  Richter Scale - Scale for measuring earthquake magnitude.  A magnitude 7.0 earthquake generates 10 times larger amplitude waves than those of a magnitude 6.0. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 10 times larger 10 times larger
  23. 23.  Richter Scale - Scale for measuring earthquake magnitude.  A magnitude 7.0 earthquake generates 10 times larger amplitude waves than those of a magnitude 6.0. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 10 times larger 10 times larger Richter Scale: Learn More at.. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/learn/topics/richter.php
  24. 24. • Top 10 Largest earthquakes in the world since 1900. Learn more about the Top Ten Earthquakes at… http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/10_ largest_world.php
  25. 25. • #10) 1957 Andreanof Islands, Alaska Magnitude 8.6 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  26. 26. • #9) 1950 Assam - Tibet • Magnitude 8.6 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  27. 27. • #8) 2005 Northern Sumatra, Indonesia • Magnitude 8.6 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  28. 28. • #8) 2005 Northern Sumatra, Indonesia • Magnitude 8.6 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Hoot” “Hoot” “I sure hope everyone is safe.”
  29. 29. • #8) 2005 Northern Sumatra, Indonesia • Magnitude 8.6 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Hoot” “Hoot” “I sure hope everyone is safe.”
  30. 30. • #7) 1965 Rat Islands, Alaska • Magnitude 8.7 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  31. 31. • #6) 1906 Off the Coast of Ecuador • Magnitude 8.8 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  32. 32. • #5) 2010 Offshore of Chile • Magnitude 8.8 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  33. 33. • #4) 1952 Kamchatka • Magnitude 9.0 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  34. 34. • #4) 2011 Japan • Magnitude 9.0 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  35. 35. • Japanese earthquake, tsunami, and dangers associated with nuclear power / meltdown occurred.
  36. 36. • #3) 2004 Off the coast of Northern Sumatra, • Magnitude 9.1 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  37. 37. • #2) 1964 Prince William Sound, Alaska • Magnitude 9.2 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  38. 38. • #1) Chile 1960 • Magnitude 9.5 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  39. 39. • Other notable earthquakes. – New Madrid Missouri Earthquake 1811-1812 – Between 7 and 8 on Richter Scale – Area was sparsely populated in the 1800‟s
  40. 40. • Other notable earthquakes. – New Madrid Missouri Earthquake 1811-1812 – Between 7 and 8 on Richter Scale – Area was sparsely populated in the 1800‟s
  41. 41. • The Loma Prieta Earthquake (World Series Earthquake) 1989 – Hit San Francisco Bay Area (6.9)
  42. 42. • San Francisco Earthquake 1906 – Huge death toll from collapse of buildings and fire storm that emerged as a result. – Magnitude 7.7 – 8.25
  43. 43. • The Great Kantō earthquake (1923) Mainland Japan. – 7.9 on the Richter Scale (140,000 dead) – Occurred at lunchtime and many fires erupted from stoves that fell over. (Firestorm) – Typhoon also hit the area at the same time.
  44. 44. • Many more earthquakes have devastated humanity than were presented in this short list.
  45. 45. • Many more earthquakes have devastated humanity than were presented in this short list.
  46. 46. • Many more earthquakes have devastated humanity than were presented in this short list.
  47. 47. • Final Warning. The Cascadia Fault – The US Northwest is struck by a major earthquake every 240 years on average. – It‟s been 311 years since the last major quake.
  48. 48. • Recent earthquakes over last seven days from around the world and magnitude. – Note how most earthquakes will be on plate boundaries. – http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/map/
  49. 49. • You can now skip ahead a bit to complete this question.
  50. 50. • You can now skip ahead a bit to complete this question.
  51. 51.  Epicenter: The point on the earth's surface that is directly above the hypocenter or focus.  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  52. 52.  Epicenter: The point on the earth's surface that is directly above the hypocenter or focus. Just above the earthquake Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  53. 53.  Epicenter: The point on the earth's surface that is directly above the hypocenter or focus. Just above the earthquake / focus Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  54. 54.  Epicenter: The point on the earth's surface that is directly above the hypocenter or focus. Just above the earthquake / focus / hypocenter Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  55. 55.  Epicenter: The point on the earth's surface that is directly above the hypocenter or focus. Just above the earthquake / focus / hypocenter Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  56. 56. • Activity! Sheet Provided – Locating the Epicenter, Hypocenter, and some basic Origami – Please cut out the box – Color it / label epicenter, hypocenter, fault line. • Color Seismic Waves Red – Fold it correctly and tape it together. – Be ready for quiz on next slide.
  57. 57. • Activity! Sheet Provided – Locating the Epicenter, Hypocenter, and some basic Origami – Please cut out the box – Color it / label epicenter, hypocenter, fault line. • Color Seismic Waves Red – Fold it correctly and tape it together. – Be ready for quiz on next slide.
  58. 58. • Activity! Sheet Provided – Locating the Epicenter, Hypocenter, and some basic Origami – Please cut out the box – Color it / label epicenter, hypocenter, fault line. • Color Seismic Waves Red – Fold it correctly and tape it together. – Be ready for quiz on next slide.
  59. 59. • Activity! Sheet Provided – Locating the Epicenter, Hypocenter, and some basic Origami – Please cut out the box – Color it / label epicenter, hypocenter, fault line. • Color Seismic Waves Red – Fold it correctly and tape it together. – Be ready for quiz on next slide.
  60. 60. • Activity! Sheet Provided – Locating the Epicenter, Hypocenter, and some basic Origami – Please cut out the box – Color it / label epicenter, hypocenter, fault line. • Color Seismic Waves Red – Fold it correctly and tape it together. – Be ready for quiz on next slide.
  61. 61. • Activity! Sheet Provided – Locating the Epicenter, Hypocenter, and some basic Origami – Please cut out the box – Color it / label epicenter, hypocenter, fault line. • Color Seismic Waves Red – Fold it correctly and tape it together. – Be ready for quiz on next slide.
  62. 62. • Activity! Sheet Provided – Locating the Epicenter, Hypocenter, and some basic Origami – Please cut out the box – Color it / label epicenter, hypocenter, fault line. • Color Seismic Waves Red – Fold it correctly and tape it together. – Be ready for quiz on next slide.
  63. 63. • Activity! Sheet Provided – Locating the Epicenter, Hypocenter, and some basic Origami – Please cut out the box – Color it / label epicenter, hypocenter, fault line. • Color Seismic Waves Red – Fold it correctly and tape it together. – Be ready for quiz on next slide. No directions on folding. Science is learning through experience in its simplest form. Figure it out.
  64. 64. Hypocenter / Focus
  65. 65. Hypocenter / Focus
  66. 66. Hypocenter / Focus Primary Waves Secondary Waves
  67. 67. Hypocenter / Focus Primary Waves Secondary Waves
  68. 68. Hypocenter / Focus Primary Waves Secondary Waves Fault Line
  69. 69. Hypocenter / Focus Primary Waves Secondary Waves Fault Line
  70. 70. Hypocenter / Focus Epicenter Primary Waves Secondary Waves Fault Line
  71. 71. Hypocenter / Focus Epicenter Primary Waves Secondary Waves Fault Line
  72. 72. Hypocenter / Focus Epicenter Primary Waves Secondary Waves Reverse / Thrust Fault Fault Line
  73. 73. Hypocenter / Focus Epicenter Primary Waves Secondary Waves Reverse / Thrust Fault Fault Line
  74. 74. Hypocenter / Focus Epicenter Primary Waves Secondary Waves Reverse / Thrust Fault Fault Line
  75. 75. Hypocenter / Focus Epicenter Primary Waves Secondary Waves Reverse / Thrust Fault Fault Line
  76. 76. “OH-No!” “One more time.”
  77. 77. Reverse / Thrust Fault
  78. 78. Reverse / Thrust Fault
  79. 79. Reverse / Thrust Fault Fault Line
  80. 80. Reverse / Thrust Fault Fault Line
  81. 81. Hypocenter / Focus Reverse / Thrust Fault Fault Line
  82. 82. Hypocenter / Focus Reverse / Thrust Fault Fault Line
  83. 83. Hypocenter / Focus Primary Waves Secondary Waves Reverse / Thrust Fault Fault Line
  84. 84. Hypocenter / Focus Primary Waves Secondary Waves Reverse / Thrust Fault Fault Line
  85. 85. Hypocenter / Focus Epicenter Primary Waves Secondary Waves Reverse / Thrust Fault Fault Line
  86. 86. Hypocenter / Focus Epicenter Primary Waves Secondary Waves Reverse / Thrust Fault Fault Line
  87. 87. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location.
  88. 88. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location. P and S waves travel at known velocities through the earth. S waves are slower than P waves by a known amount.
  89. 89. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location. P and S waves travel at known velocities through the earth. S waves are slower than P waves by a known amount. Therefore, the farther a seismic recording station is from the earthquake epicenter the greater the difference in time of arrival between the P and S wave.
  90. 90. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location. P and S waves travel at known velocities through the earth. S waves are slower than P waves by a known amount. Therefore, the farther a seismic recording station is from the earthquake epicenter the greater the difference in time of arrival between the P and S wave.
  91. 91. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location. P and S waves travel at known velocities through the earth. S waves are slower than P waves by a known amount. Therefore, the farther a seismic recording station is from the earthquake epicenter the greater the difference in time of arrival between the P and S wave.
  92. 92. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location. P and S waves travel at known velocities through the earth. S waves are slower than P waves by a known amount. Therefore, the farther a seismic recording station is from the earthquake epicenter the greater the difference in time of arrival between the P and S wave.
  93. 93. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location. P and S waves travel at known velocities through the earth. S waves are slower than P waves by a known amount. Therefore, the farther a seismic recording station is from the earthquake epicenter the greater the difference in time of arrival between the P and S wave.
  94. 94. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location. P and S waves travel at known velocities through the earth. S waves are slower than P waves by a known amount. Therefore, the farther a seismic recording station is from the earthquake epicenter the greater the difference in time of arrival between the P and S wave.
  95. 95. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location. P and S waves travel at known velocities through the earth. S waves are slower than P waves by a known amount. Therefore, the farther a seismic recording station is from the earthquake epicenter the greater the difference in time of arrival between the P and S wave.
  96. 96. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location. P and S waves travel at known velocities through the earth. S waves are slower than P waves by a known amount. Therefore, the farther a seismic recording station is from the earthquake epicenter the greater the difference in time of arrival between the P and S wave.
  97. 97. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location. P and S waves travel at known velocities through the earth. S waves are slower than P waves by a known amount. Therefore, the farther a seismic recording station is from the earthquake epicenter the greater the difference in time of arrival between the P and S wave.
  98. 98. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location. P and S waves travel at known velocities through the earth. S waves are slower than P waves by a known amount. Therefore, the farther a seismic recording station is from the earthquake epicenter the greater the difference in time of arrival between the P and S wave.
  99. 99. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location. P and S waves travel at known velocities through the earth. S waves are slower than P waves by a known amount. Therefore, the farther a seismic recording station is from the earthquake epicenter the greater the difference in time of arrival between the P and S wave.
  100. 100. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location. P and S waves travel at known velocities through the earth. S waves are slower than P waves by a known amount. Therefore, the farther a seismic recording station is from the earthquake epicenter the greater the difference in time of arrival between the P and S wave.
  101. 101. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location. P and S waves travel at known velocities through the earth. S waves are slower than P waves by a known amount. Therefore, the farther a seismic recording station is from the earthquake epicenter the greater the difference in time of arrival between the P and S wave.
  102. 102. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location. P and S waves travel at known velocities through the earth. S waves are slower than P waves by a known amount. Therefore, the farther a seismic recording station is from the earthquake epicenter the greater the difference in time of arrival between the P and S wave.
  103. 103. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location. P and S waves travel at known velocities through the earth. S waves are slower than P waves by a known amount. Therefore, the farther a seismic recording station is from the earthquake epicenter the greater the difference in time of arrival between the P and S wave.
  104. 104. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location. P and S waves travel at known velocities through the earth. S waves are slower than P waves by a known amount. Therefore, the farther a seismic recording station is from the earthquake epicenter the greater the difference in time of arrival between the P and S wave.
  105. 105. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine it‟s location. P and S waves travel at known velocities through the earth. S waves are slower than P waves by a known amount. Therefore, the farther a seismic recording station is from the earthquake epicenter the greater the difference in time of arrival between the P and S wave.
  106. 106. S and P interval
  107. 107. S and P interval
  108. 108. S and P interval
  109. 109. S and P interval
  110. 110. S and P interval
  111. 111. S and P interval
  112. 112. S and P interval
  113. 113. S and P interval
  114. 114. S and P interval
  115. 115. S and P interval
  116. 116. S and P interval
  117. 117. S and P interval
  118. 118. S and P interval
  119. 119. S and P interval
  120. 120. S and P interval
  121. 121. S and P interval
  122. 122. S and P interval
  123. 123. S and P interval
  124. 124. S and P interval
  125. 125. S and P interval
  126. 126. S and P interval
  127. 127. S and P interval
  128. 128. • Activity! S and P Gap. – Have two students line up next to each other against the wall. – Label one as the fast walker (P-wave) and one as the slow walker (S-wave “Side to Side Macho Man”) – Each students begins walking across room at same time and various students (monitoring stations) time the gap between the two students as they walk by. – Start timer when P-wave passes, and end when S-wave arrives. – Have the monitor stations share times.
  129. 129. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave
  130. 130. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave
  131. 131. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave
  132. 132. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave
  133. 133. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave
  134. 134. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave START TIMER
  135. 135. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave START TIMER
  136. 136. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave START TIMER
  137. 137. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave START TIMER
  138. 138. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave END TIMER START TIMER
  139. 139. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave END TIMER START TIMER
  140. 140. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave END TIMER START TIMER START
  141. 141. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave END TIMER START TIMER START
  142. 142. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave END TIMER END TIMER START
  143. 143. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave END TIMER END TIMER START
  144. 144. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave END TIMER END TIMER START
  145. 145. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave END TIMER END TIMER START
  146. 146. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave END TIMER END TIMER END
  147. 147. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave END TIMER END TIMER END
  148. 148. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave END TIMER END TIMER END
  149. 149. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave END TIMER END TIMER END
  150. 150. • Activity! S and P Gap. P-Wave S-Wave END TIMER END TIMER END Compare times of the gap between the P wave and the S wave (should be close) 0:00 0:00 0:00
  151. 151. • An earthquake requires three monitoring stations to determine its location. – Where‟s the epicenter of the earthquake below?
  152. 152. A
  153. 153. A
  154. 154. A S and P Wave gap time / distance measured from monitoring station
  155. 155. B A
  156. 156. B A
  157. 157. B A
  158. 158. B C A
  159. 159. • Where „s the earthquake below? B C A
  160. 160. • Where „s the earthquake below? B C A Epicenter
  161. 161. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A D E F G
  162. 162. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A D E F G
  163. 163. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A D E F G
  164. 164. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A D E F G
  165. 165. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A D E F G
  166. 166. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A Epicenter D E F G
  167. 167. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A D E F G
  168. 168. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A D E F G
  169. 169. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A D E F G
  170. 170. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A D E F G
  171. 171. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A D E F G
  172. 172. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A Epicenter D E F G
  173. 173. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A D E F G
  174. 174. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A D E F G
  175. 175. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A D E F G
  176. 176. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A D E F G
  177. 177. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A D E F G
  178. 178. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A D E F G
  179. 179. • Where „s the earthquake epicenter below? B C A D E F G
  180. 180. • Quick Activity! Working the process backwards. – Make a right triangle in the middle of your page. – Mark each point (A, B, C) These are seismic activity monitoring stations. – Create and epicenter near the triangle. – Use a compass to create a circle from each monitoring station (center of circle) through the epicenter (perimeter of circle). – Record radius (distance from monitoring station to the epicenter). Visual next slide 
  181. 181. • Quick Activity! Working the process backwards. – Make a right triangle in the middle of your page. – Mark each point (A, B, C) These are seismic activity monitoring stations. – Create and epicenter near the triangle. – Use a compass to create a circle from each monitoring station (center of circle) through the epicenter (perimeter of circle). – Record radius (distance from monitoring station to the epicenter). Visual next slide 
  182. 182. • Quick Activity! Working the process backwards. – Make a right triangle in the middle of your page. – Mark each point (A, B, C) These are seismic activity monitoring stations. – Create a epicenter near the triangle. – Use a compass to create a circle from each monitoring station (center of circle) through the epicenter (perimeter of circle). – Record radius (distance from monitoring station to the epicenter). Visual next slide 
  183. 183. • Quick Activity! Working the process backwards. – Make a right triangle in the middle of your page. – Mark each point (A, B, C) These are seismic activity monitoring stations. – Create a epicenter near the triangle. – Use a compass to create a circle from each monitoring station (center of circle) through the epicenter (perimeter of circle). – Record radius (distance from monitoring station to the epicenter). Visual next slide 
  184. 184. • Quick Activity! Working the process backwards. – Make a right triangle in the middle of your page. – Mark each point (A, B, C) These are seismic activity monitoring stations. – Create a epicenter near the triangle. – Use a compass to create a circle from each monitoring station (center of circle) through the epicenter (perimeter of circle). – Record radius (distance from monitoring station to the epicenter). Visual next slide 
  185. 185. • Quick Activity! Working the process backwards. – Make a right triangle in the middle of your page. – Mark each point (A, B, C) These are seismic activity monitoring stations. – Create a epicenter near the triangle. – Use a compass to create a circle from each monitoring station (center of circle) through the epicenter (perimeter of circle). – Record radius (distance from monitoring station to the epicenter). Visual next slide 
  186. 186. • Quick Activity! Working the process backwards. – Make a right triangle in the middle of your page. – Mark each point (A, B, C) These are seismic activity monitoring stations. – Create a epicenter near the triangle. – Use a compass to create a circle from each monitoring station (center of circle) through the epicenter (perimeter of circle). – Record radius (distance from monitoring station to the epicenter). Visual next slide 
  187. 187. • Quick Activity! Working the process backwards. – Make a right triangle in the middle of your page. – Mark each point (A, B, C) These are seismic activity monitoring stations. – Create a epicenter near the triangle. – Use a compass to create a circle from each monitoring station (center of circle) through the epicenter (perimeter of circle). – Record radius (distance from monitoring station to the epicenter). Visual next slide 
  188. 188. • Quick Activity! Working the process backwards. – Make a right triangle in the middle of your page. – Mark each point (A, B, C) These are seismic activity monitoring stations. – Create a epicenter near the triangle. – Use a compass to create a circle from each monitoring station (center of circle) through the epicenter (perimeter of circle). – Record radius (distance from monitoring station to the epicenter). Visual next slide 
  189. 189. A
  190. 190. A B
  191. 191. A B C
  192. 192. A B C * Epicenter
  193. 193. A B C * Epicenter
  194. 194. A B C * Epicenter
  195. 195. A B C * Epicenter
  196. 196. A B C * Epicenter
  197. 197. A B C * Epicenter
  198. 198. A B C * Epicenter *
  199. 199. A B C * Epicenter * Measure the distances from each monitoring station to the epicenter.
  200. 200. A B C * Epicenter * Measure the distances from each monitoring station to the epicenter. Distance to epicenter determined by the gap between the arrival of the first P wave and the first S wave
  201. 201. • Activity – Finding the Epicenter • http://www.geology.ar.gov/pdf/Locating_an_e picenter_activity.pdf • http://www.oakton.edu/user/4/billtong/eas100 lab/lab10quake.htm • (Advanced) • http://www.geo.mtu.edu/UPSeis/locating.html Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more at… http://www.geo.mtu.edu /UPSeis/locating.html
  202. 202. • Do earthquakes kill people? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  203. 203. • Answer! Earthquakes don‟t generally kill people, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  204. 204. • Answer! Earthquakes don‟t generally kill people, poorly built buildings do. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  205. 205. • The type of soil a building is on, and the design / construction of the building has a lot to do with how well the building will fare in an earthquake. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  206. 206. • Liquefaction: A process where sand or landfill will often change from a wet solid into a dense liquid, which further amplifies shaking. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  207. 207. • Liquefaction: A process where sand or landfill will often change from a wet solid into a dense liquid, which further amplifies shaking. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Liquefaction Activity / Demo at… http://www.exploratorium.edu/faultline/activezone/liquefactio n.html More activities and info found at… https://media.up.edu/Physics/TOLE/EarthquakeTsunamiHazar ds/LessonPlans/EQHazardMaps_Liquefaction-TOTLE.pdf
  208. 208. • Activity! – Fill a tray with dry sand several inches or at least 12 cm. – Fill a one liter soda bottle with water and cap and bury into the sand.
  209. 209. • Activity! – Fill a tray with dry sand several inches or at least 12 cm. – Fill a one liter soda bottle with water and cap and bury into the sand. – Shake tray and observe what happens.
  210. 210. • Activity! – Fill a tray with dry sand several inches or at least 12 cm. – Fill a one liter soda bottle with water and cap and bury into the sand. – Shake tray and observe what happens.
  211. 211. • Activity! – Moisten sand but don‟t super saturate. – Shake tray and observe what happens.
  212. 212. • Activity! – Moisten sand but don‟t super saturate. – Shake tray and observe what happens.
  213. 213. • Activity! – Fill tray with lots of water so water is visible on the surface.. – Shake tray and observe what happens.
  214. 214. • Activity! – Fill tray with lots of water so water is visible on the surface.. – Shake tray and observe what happens.
  215. 215. • Activity! – Fill tray with lots of water so water is visible on the surface.. – Shake tray and observe what happens. – Why?
  216. 216. • Activity! – Fill tray with lots of water so water is visible on the surface.. – Shake tray and observe what happens. – Why? Liquefaction. The sand (solid) mixed with water (liquid) and acted as a liquid.
  217. 217. • Activity! – Fill tray with lots of water so water is visible on the surface.. – Shake tray and observe what happens. – Why? Liquefaction. The sand (solid) mixed with water (liquid) and acted as a liquid.
  218. 218. • Videos (Optional) Liquefaction – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rn3oAvmZY8k Japan – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tvYKcCS_J7Y Christchurch New Zealand (How it happens) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  219. 219. • Building on loose sand and poorly packed fill material increases the intensity of the an earthquake. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  220. 220. • Building on loose sand and poorly packed fill material increases the intensity of the an earthquake. – Building on solid bedrock is better. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  221. 221. • Many of our major cities have large areas that are built on sand and fill.  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  222. 222. • Which area experienced liquefaction based on the seismic waves? A B Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  223. 223. • Answer! Area A because the seismic waves were more severe. A B Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  224. 224. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  225. 225. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  226. 226. • This part of the PowerPoint roadmap is just one small part of my Geology Topics Unit. This unit includes… • A six part 6,000 Slide PowerPoint Presentation / unit roadmap full of activities, review questions, games, video links, flashcards, materials list, and much more. • A 18 bundled homework package, modified version, 19 pages of unit notes, 6 PowerPoint Review Games of 100+ slides each, videos, rubrics, and much more that all chronologically follow the unit slideshow. • This is a fantastic unit for any Earth Science Class. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html
  227. 227. Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: -Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: Plate Tectonics, Evidence for Plate Tectonics, Pangea, Energy Waves, Layers of the Earth, Heat Transfer, Types of Crust, Plate Boundaries, Hot Spots, Volcanoes, Positives and Negatives of Volcanoes, Types of Volcanoes, Parts of a Volcano, Magma, Types of Lava, Viscosity, Earthquakes, Faults, Folds, Seismograph, Richter Scale, Seismograph, Tsunami‟s, Rocks, Minerals, Crystals, Uses of Minerals, Types of Crystals, Physical Properties of Minerals, Rock Cycle, Common Igneous Rocks, Common Sedimentary Rocks, Common Metamorphic Rocks., Age of the Earth, Uniformitarianism, Principle of Superposition, Earth History, Time Units, Timeline of Events, Basic Evolution, Mass Extinction Events, Dinosaurs, Early Mammals, and more. Full Unit can be found at… http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html
  228. 228. • This was a very brief tour. Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum package. – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  229. 229. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  230. 230. • More Units Available at… Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics Unit, The Astronomy Topics Unit, The Weather and Climate Unit, and The Rivers and Water Quality Unit, The Water Molecule Unit. Physical Science: The Laws of Motion and Machines Unit, The Atoms and Periodic Table Unit, The Energy and the Environment Unit, and Science Skills Unit. Life Science: The Diseases and Cells Unit, The DNA and Genetics Unit, The Life Topics Unit, The Plant Unit, The Taxonomy and Classification Unit, Ecology: Feeding Levels Unit, Ecology: Interactions Unit, Ecology: Abiotic Factors, The Evolution and Natural Selection Unit and The Human Body Systems and Health Topics Unit Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  231. 231. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
  232. 232. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:

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