Salmon and Fish Unit PowerPoint

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sciencepowerpoint.com delivers a four part 2150+ slide PowerPoint slideshow becomes the roadmap for an amazing and interactive science experience. Complete with bundled homework package, many built-in quizzes, hands-on activities with directions, unit notes, answer keys, video links, rubrics, review games, and much more.
This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information.
Areas of Focus within The Rivers Unit -Watersheds, Rivers of the United States, Sections of a River, Parts of River (Vocabulary), Stream Order, Erosion and Deposition, Water Quality, Chemical Properties of Water, Bio-Indicators of Water Quality (EPT richness), Physical Properties of Water Quality, Rivers and Flooding, Factors that Control Flooding, Types of Flooding, Tsunami's, Wetlands, Flood Prevention, Levees, Dams and Ecosystem, Importance of Dams, Impacts of Dams, Hydropower, Parts of Dam, Salmon (Life Cycle), Systems of Help Salmon, Fish (General), Layering in a Lake, Lake Turnover, Nutrients and Lakes.
Teaching Duration = 4+ Weeks + PowerPoint Review Games
Ryan Murphy M.Ed
www.sciencepowerpoint.com

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Salmon and Fish Unit PowerPoint

  1. 1. • Warning! Quiz Wiz on names / Life Cycle of a Salmon. – 2 minutes to study this page.
  2. 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  4. 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
  6. 6. New Area of Focus: Salmon and Fish.New Area of Focus: Salmon and Fish. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7. • Graph showing declining salmon population on the Columbia River.
  8. 8. • Graph showing declining salmon population on the Columbia River.
  9. 9. • Salmon are a very important food source for the following organisms. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10. • Salmon are a very important food source for the following organisms. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  11. 11. • Salmon is a very healthy fish to eat.
  12. 12. • Activity Video Link! Salmon. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BhqZyrNzW_4 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  13. 13. • Video Link! John West (For Fun) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CVS1UfCfxlU Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  14. 14. • Aquaculture / Fish Farms are used to raise salmon for human consumption. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  15. 15. Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  16. 16. Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  17. 17. Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  18. 18. Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  19. 19. Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  20. 20. Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  21. 21. Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  22. 22. Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Salmon Life Cycles. Learn more at… http://www.fishex.com/ seafood/salmon/salmon- life-cycles.html
  23. 23. Anadromous fish:Anadromous fish: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Can anyone correctly pronounce Anadromous? http://howjsay.com/index.php?word=anadromous&submit=Submit
  24. 24. Anadromous fish: Fish born in freshwaterAnadromous fish: Fish born in freshwater then migrate to the ocean to grow intothen migrate to the ocean to grow into adults, and then return to freshwater toadults, and then return to freshwater to spawn.spawn. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  25. 25. • Warning! Quiz Wiz on names / Life Cycle of a Salmon. – 2 minutes to study this page.
  26. 26. • Bonus: What is the sharks name in Finding Nemo?
  27. 27. • Answers! 1-5 Life Cycle of a Salmon.
  28. 28. • Bonus: What is the sharks name in Finding Nemo?
  29. 29. • Bonus: What is the sharks name in Finding Nemo?
  30. 30. • You can now complete this question.
  31. 31. • Video Link! Salmon Life Cycle (For real) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5DqjsWsY8-g
  32. 32. Systems to help SalmonSystems to help Salmon -- -- -- -- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  33. 33. Fish bypass (going downstream)Fish bypass (going downstream) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  34. 34. This is what happens without a fish bypass system!
  35. 35. Stocking and transportationStocking and transportation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  36. 36. Stocking and transportationStocking and transportation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy This Juvenile Transport Vessel collects small fish at dams and then transports them via lock system to the ocean.
  37. 37. Stocking and transportationStocking and transportation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Many juvenile fish die in the transportation process.
  38. 38. • Once you’ve made it to the ocean life is still difficult because you have many predators.
  39. 39. • Once the fish have become adults and begin their migration back up the river…
  40. 40. Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41. Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  42. 42. Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  43. 43. Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  44. 44. Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  45. 45. Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  46. 46. Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  47. 47. Fish Ladders. Learn more at… http://www.michigan.gov/dnr/0,457 0,7-153-10364_52259_19092- 46291--,00.html
  48. 48. Protection of spawning grounds.Protection of spawning grounds. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  49. 49. • This is what happens after you spawn. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  50. 50. The nutrients in the salmon (Phosphorus and Nitrogen) are given to the forest ecosystem.
  51. 51. Birds, Bears, and other animals eat the salmon and fertilize the forest with their scat (feces).
  52. 52. • Activity! Salmon and Dam Article. – Please read the article and answer the questions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  53. 53. • Activity! Salmon Simulation – Must follow rules. – Must act safe. – This is a scientific simulation, no cheaters please. – Tally your successes vs. death in journal. – Map of playing area on next slide. – Teacher to rotate in predators. – Collect food source in ocean and when you have collected enough (teacher sets amount) you can enter the river. – If you get out as a salmon, log it, and then get back in line and try again. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  54. 54. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Under hand toss of foam ball
  55. 55. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Under hand toss of foam ball
  56. 56. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Freshwater fish eats small Alevin (Stationary but can tag)
  57. 57. Two students will be spinning a jump rope.
  58. 58. Two students will be spinning a jump rope.
  59. 59. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Two students with jump rope (Dam Turbine) get hit and your out.
  60. 60. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A few students must tag salmon (they have to run dragging a cardboard box by one foot.
  61. 61. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Fishing boat can try and encircle salmon (drag on ground) -Salmon can’t jump over rope.
  62. 62. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Food in Ocean
  63. 63. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Food in Ocean River
  64. 64. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Must jump from hoop to hoop without missing.
  65. 65. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy High Jump for final waterfall to reach the spawning grounds.
  66. 66. • If you do survive to spawn you die shortly afterwards. – (You get a 5 minute nap on the mat before death) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  67. 67. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  68. 68. • Salmon Song (Optional) I will Survive – Background music while you answer questions on the next slide. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qV30UZ9aF04
  69. 69. • Questions: Salmon Simulation. – What was life like as a salmon? – What was the hardest part? – What was your survival / death rate? • How many times did you die vs. spawn? • Bar graph your findings • If you survived, how did you do it? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  70. 70. • Questions: Salmon Simulation. – What was life like as a salmon? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  71. 71. • Questions: Salmon Simulation. – What was life like as a salmon? – Answer: Very difficult! Most of you died more often than spawned. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  72. 72. • Questions: Salmon Simulation. – What was the hardest part? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  73. 73. • Questions: Salmon Simulation. – What was the hardest part? – Answer: The whole simulation was difficult. The turbine and predators in the ocean were difficult. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  74. 74. • Questions: Salmon Simulation. – What was your survival / death rate? • How many times did you die vs. spawn? • Bar graph your findings • If you survived, how did you do it? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  75. 75. • Questions: Salmon Simulation. – What was your survival / death rate? • How many times did you die vs. spawn? • Bar graph your findings • If you survived, how did you do it? • Survived 2 times, Died 26 times – I survived because the others in front of me got eaten and I got lucky (Survival of the Fittest?) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Spawned Died
  76. 76. • You can now complete this question.
  77. 77. New Area of Focus: FishNew Area of Focus: Fish Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  78. 78. • Fish can be very large like this whale shark. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  79. 79. • Fish can be very small like the Paedocypris progenetica. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  80. 80. • Fish can be very small like the Paedocypris progenetica. – It is the world's smallest vertebrate or backboned animal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  81. 81. • Fish can be very small like the Paedocypris progenetica. – It is the world's smallest vertebrate or backboned animal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  82. 82. Fish…Fish… -- -- -- -- -- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  83. 83.  Cold-blooded.Cold-blooded. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  84. 84. Have fins.Have fins.
  85. 85. • Flying Fish.
  86. 86. • Video Link! (Optional) Flying Fish, – Adapted fins for airborne escape from predators. • First half of video are fish flying, second half is flying fish reproduction. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8nEwte-x-iw
  87. 87. Have backbones.Have backbones. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  88. 88. • Fish are bony, others have cartilage. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  89. 89. • Fish are bony, others have cartilage. • Which is a bony fish, and which is a cartilage fish? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  90. 90. • Fish are bony, others have cartilage. • Which is a bony fish, and which is a cartilage fish? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  91. 91. • Fish are bony, others have cartilage. • Which is a bony fish, and which is a cartilage fish? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  92. 92. • Fish are bony, others have cartilage. • Which is a bony fish, and which is a cartilage fish? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  93. 93. • Fish are bony, others have cartilage. • Which is a bony fish, and which is a cartilage fish? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  94. 94. • Answer! Sharks have cartilage for bones. Cartilage is heavy and sharks sink unless the constantly swim. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  95. 95. • Answer! Sharks have cartilage for bones. Cartilage is heavy and sharks sink unless the constantly swim. 95% of fish have bones. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  96. 96. Have scalesHave scales Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  97. 97. Gills.Gills. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  98. 98. • Activity! Labeling parts of a fish. – Please draw the mystery fish given to you. – Label as many parts as you can using the key on the next slide. – Add features to your drawing not present. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  99. 99. • Activity! Labeling parts of a fish. – Please draw the mystery fish given to you. – Label as many parts as you can using the key on the next slide. – Add features to your drawing not present. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  100. 100. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
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  102. 102. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
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  105. 105. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  106. 106. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  107. 107. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Choose 4 additional terms on the next slide to add to your fish sketch and then you can eat your fish.” “If you wish.”
  108. 108. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  109. 109. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  110. 110. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
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  116. 116. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  117. 117. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  118. 118. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  119. 119. • Activity: Fashion a Fish. – Create an imaginary fish that has a specific body type, mouthpart, coloration, and reproductive strategy. – Learn More at http://www.4hfishing.org/resources/aquatic_ecolo gy_pdfs/4a_fashion_a_fish.pdf Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  120. 120. • Activity: Fashion a Fish. – Create an imaginary fish that has a specific body type, mouthpart, coloration, and reproductive strategy. – Learn More at http://www.4hfishing.org/resources/aquatic_ecolo gy_pdfs/4a_fashion_a_fish.pdf Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  121. 121. • Activity: Fashion a Fish. – Create an imaginary fish that has a specific body type, mouthpart, coloration, and reproductive strategy. – Learn More at http://www.4hfishing.org/resources/aquatic_ecolo gy_pdfs/4a_fashion_a_fish.pdf Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Let’s talk about our bodies.”
  122. 122. • Fish are very diverse and come in many sizes and shapes.
  123. 123. • Flat Bellied – for laying on the bottom.
  124. 124. • Flat Bellied – for laying on the bottom.
  125. 125. • Torpedo Shaped – For speed.
  126. 126. • Torpedo Shaped – For speed.
  127. 127. • Hump backed: Stable in fast moving water.
  128. 128. • Hump backed: Stable in fast moving water.
  129. 129. • Vertical Disk: Feeds above or below.
  130. 130. • Vertical Disk: Feeds above or below.
  131. 131. • Horizontal Disk: Bottom Dweller
  132. 132. • Horizontal Disk: Bottom Dweller
  133. 133. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below?
  134. 134. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below? Vertical Disk
  135. 135. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below?
  136. 136. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below? Humpback
  137. 137. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below?
  138. 138. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below? Bottom Dweller
  139. 139. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below?
  140. 140. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below? Torpedo
  141. 141. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below?
  142. 142. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below? Flat Bellied
  143. 143. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below? “Enough of me, let’s discuss mouthparts .”
  144. 144. • Sucker Shaped Mouth: Feeds on small plants and animals. Bottom feeding
  145. 145. • Sucker Shaped Mouth: Feeds on small plants and animals. Bottom feeding
  146. 146. • Activity! Fish Mouths. – Who can make the best fish mouth? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  147. 147. • Elongated Upper Jaw: Feeds on prey it looks down upon.
  148. 148. • Elongated Upper Jaw: Feeds on prey it looks down upon.
  149. 149. • Elongated Lower Jaw: Feeds on Prey that it sees above.
  150. 150. • Elongated Lower Jaw: Feeds on Prey that it sees above.
  151. 151. • Extremely Large Jaws: Surrounds and engulfs prey.
  152. 152. • Extremely Large Jaws: Surrounds and engulfs prey.
  153. 153. • Duckbill Jaws: For snatching and grasping prey on the move.
  154. 154. • Duckbill Jaws: For snatching and grasping prey on the move.
  155. 155. • Which mouth is best adapted to eat organisms from the bottom? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  156. 156. • Answer! Which mouth is best adapted to eat organisms from the bottom? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  157. 157. • Which mouth is best adapted to eat organisms from the surface or above? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  158. 158. • Answer! Which mouth is best adapted to eat organisms from the surface or above? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  159. 159. • Which mouth is best adapted to eat organisms swimming through the water?
  160. 160. • Which mouth is best adapted to eat organisms swimming through the water? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  161. 161. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below?
  162. 162. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below? Elongate Lower Jaw Lower
  163. 163. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below?
  164. 164. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below? Sucker Mouth
  165. 165. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below?
  166. 166. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below? Large Jaws
  167. 167. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below?
  168. 168. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below? Elongate Upper Jaw UPPER
  169. 169. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below?
  170. 170. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below? Duck Billed
  171. 171. • Video Link! (Optional) The Goblin Shark. – A very unique mouth on a very unique shark. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9W9ty96rdpk
  172. 172. • Video Link. Fish Anatomy Review. – http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=WGbqaayGCRA first few minutes.
  173. 173. • Fish Coloration
  174. 174. • Mottled Coloration: Can hide in rock and on bottom.
  175. 175. • Mottled Coloration: Can hide in rock and on bottom.
  176. 176. • Horizontal Stripes: Can hide in vegetation well.
  177. 177. • Horizontal Stripes: Can hide in vegetation well.
  178. 178. • Vertical Stripes: Also for blending into the vegetation.
  179. 179. • Vertical Stripes: Also for blending into the vegetation.
  180. 180. • Dark Upperside: Difficult to see the fish from above.
  181. 181. • Dark Upperside: Difficult to see the fish from above.
  182. 182. Looking at shark from above
  183. 183. • Video (Optional) Great White Shark. • Check out the sharks counter shadowing. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n- t2ayKadD0 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  184. 184. • Light Colored Belly: Predators have difficulty seeing from below.
  185. 185. • Light Colored Belly: Predators have difficulty seeing from below.
  186. 186. Looking at shark from below.
  187. 187. Counter shadowingCounter shadowing Dark top - can’t see from aboveDark top - can’t see from above Light bottom – can’t see from below.Light bottom – can’t see from below. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  188. 188. Counter shadowingCounter shadowing Dark top - can’t see from aboveDark top - can’t see from above Light bottom – can’t see from below.Light bottom – can’t see from below. Dark Top Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  189. 189. Counter shadowingCounter shadowing Dark top - can’t see from aboveDark top - can’t see from above Light bottom – can’t see from below.Light bottom – can’t see from below. Light Bottom Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  190. 190. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below?
  191. 191. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below? Dark Upperside
  192. 192. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below?
  193. 193. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below? Vertical Stripes
  194. 194. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below?
  195. 195. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below? Mottled Coloration
  196. 196. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below?
  197. 197. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below? Horizontal Stripes
  198. 198. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below?
  199. 199. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below? Light Colored Belly
  200. 200. • Fish have varying methods of reproduction strategies.
  201. 201. • Eggs Deposited on bottom: Eggs are hidden from predators.
  202. 202. • Eggs Deposited on bottom: Eggs are hidden from predators.
  203. 203. • Eggs deposited in nests: Adults stay to protect the eggs. Increases survival.
  204. 204. • Eggs deposited in nests: Adults stay to protect the eggs. Increases survival.
  205. 205. • Floating Eggs: Dispersed in high numbers. Many die, but many are laid.
  206. 206. • Floating Eggs: Dispersed in high numbers. Many die, but many are laid.
  207. 207. • Eggs attached to vegetation: They are kept stable until hatching.
  208. 208. • Eggs attached to vegetation: They are kept stable until hatching.
  209. 209. • Live Bearers: Low numbers but high survival rate.
  210. 210. • Live Bearers: Low numbers but high survival rate.
  211. 211. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below?
  212. 212. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below? Free Floating Eggs
  213. 213. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below?
  214. 214. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below? Deposited in nests
  215. 215. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below?
  216. 216. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below? On vegetation
  217. 217. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below?
  218. 218. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below? Live Bearers
  219. 219. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below?
  220. 220. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below? Eggs of Bottom
  221. 221. • Try and name the pictures associated with the fish. – There can be more than one.
  222. 222. • Activity: Fashion a Fish. – Create an imaginary fish that has a specific body type, mouthpart, coloration, and reproductive strategy. – Learn More at http://www.4hfishing.org/resources/aquatic_ecolo gy_pdfs/4a_fashion_a_fish.pdf Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  223. 223. • Activity! Fashion a Fish Example • Must have supportive text. • Well written and neat. Horizontal Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  224. 224. • You can now complete this question.
  225. 225. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  226. 226. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
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  231. 231. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  232. 232. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Dorsal fin for stability through the water with barbs to sting predators
  233. 233. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Dorsal fin for stability through the water with barbs to sting predators Coloration- Dark top and light bottom makes fish difficult to see from above and below
  234. 234. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Dorsal fin for stability through the water with barbs to sting predators Coloration- Dark top and light bottom makes fish difficult to see from above and below The Duck bill mouth is great at grasping and holding on to prey
  235. 235. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Dorsal fin for stability through the water with barbs to sting predators Coloration- Dark top and light bottom makes fish difficult to see from above and below The Duck bill mouth is great at grasping and holding on to prey
  236. 236. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Dorsal fin for stability through the water with barbs to sting predators Coloration- Dark top and light bottom makes fish difficult to see from above and below The Duck bill mouth is great at grasping and holding on to prey Reproductive strategy is to lay eggs on vegetation. This keeps eggs stable until they hatch.
  237. 237. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Dorsal fin for stability through the water with barbs to sting predators Coloration- Dark top and light bottom makes fish difficult to see from above and below The Duck bill mouth is great at grasping and holding on to prey Reproductive strategy is to lay eggs on vegetation. This keeps eggs stable until they hatch. Fishicus swedicus
  238. 238. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Dorsal fin for stability through the water with barbs to sting predators Coloration- Dark top and light bottom makes fish difficult to see from above and below The Duck bill mouth is great at grasping and holding on to prey Reproductive strategy is to lay eggs on vegetation. This keeps eggs stable until they hatch. Fishicus swedicus NAME!
  239. 239. • You can now complete this question. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  240. 240. • You can now complete this question. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  241. 241. • You can now complete this question. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  242. 242. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
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  253. 253. • What if ice sank? How would the world be different as we know it? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  254. 254. • Answer! The world would be a much different place. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  255. 255. • Ice would form and then sink to the bottom. On the next cold day / night more ice would form and sink. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  256. 256. • This process would continue until the lake was frozen solid. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  257. 257. • Aquatic organisms would die, the planets climate would shift dramatically as the ice at the poles would accumulate. – Life as we know it would change for the worse. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  258. 258. • What’s a Turnover?
  259. 259. • What’s a Turnover? • Answer: A dish made by folding a pastry over some filling.
  260. 260. • What’s a turnover?
  261. 261. • What’s a turnover? • Answer: A turnover is when the team with the ball loses possession of the ball, which is then gained by the other team.
  262. 262. • What’s a Turnover? • Answer: Measures how long a fund holds on to the stocks it buys. The longer a mutual fund holds on to a stock and the less trading the fund does, the lower the turnover will be…
  263. 263. • What’s a Turnover? • Answer: Measures how long a fund holds on to the stocks it buys. The longer a mutual fund holds on to a stock and the less trading the fund does, the lower the turnover will be…
  264. 264. • What’s turnover?
  265. 265. • What’s turnover? • Answer: The rate at which an employer gains and loses employees.
  266. 266. • What’s Lake Turnover?
  267. 267. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer:
  268. 268. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer:
  269. 269. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer:
  270. 270. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer:
  271. 271. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer:
  272. 272. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer:
  273. 273. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer:
  274. 274. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer:
  275. 275. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer:
  276. 276. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer: A process where the layers that form in a lake are mixed seasonally.
  277. 277. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well • These get colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  278. 278. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well • These get colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  279. 279. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • These get colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering . Cold Wind
  280. 280. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  281. 281. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  282. 282. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  283. 283. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  284. 284. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  285. 285. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  286. 286. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  287. 287. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  288. 288. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  289. 289. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  290. 290. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered. – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  291. 291. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered. – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers
  292. 292. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered. – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering.
  293. 293. • Please draw the following in your journal. – (About ½ Page)
  294. 294. Epilimnion
  295. 295. Epilimnion
  296. 296. • Epilimnion: The upper layer in a layered lake. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  297. 297. Epilimnion Thermocline
  298. 298. • Thermocline: A layer within a body of water where the temperature changes rapidly with depth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  299. 299. Epilimnion Thermocline
  300. 300. Epilimnion Thermocline
  301. 301. Epilimnion Thermocline
  302. 302. Epilimnion Thermocline
  303. 303. Epilimnion Thermocline Low Oxygen because isolated from oxygen sources.
  304. 304. • Cold water fish such as trout and salmon enjoy the colder temperatures and oxygen levels of the thermocline. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  305. 305. • Cold water fish such as trout and salmon enjoy the colder temperatures and oxygen levels of the thermocline. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  306. 306. • Cold water fish such as trout and salmon enjoy the colder temperatures and oxygen levels of the thermocline. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  307. 307. Epilimnion Thermocline Hypolimnion
  308. 308. • Hypolimnion - The bottom and most dense layer of water in a lake. Non-circulatory and remains cold throughout the year Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  309. 309. Epilimnion Thermocline Hypolimnion Summer Stagnation in a Lake
  310. 310. • Activity! Creating Lake Turnover in a Jar.
  311. 311. • Activity! Creating Lake Turnover in a Jar. – Teacher will have ice cold water (blue food coloring) – Very hot water (red food coloring) – Pour in cold water first. – Then use Petri dish as cover and pour the hot on top of the cold without mixing the layers.
  312. 312. • Activity! Creating Lake Turnover in a Jar. – Teacher will have ice cold water (blue food coloring) – Very hot water (red food coloring)
  313. 313. • Activity! Creating Lake Turnover in a Jar. – Teacher will have ice cold water (blue food coloring) – Very hot water (red food coloring) – Pour in cold water first.
  314. 314. • Activity! Creating Lake Turnover in a Jar. – Teacher will have ice cold water (blue food coloring) – Very hot water (red food coloring) – Pour in cold water first. – Then use Petri dish as cover and pour the hot on top of the cold without mixing the layers.
  315. 315. • Activity! Set-up of Lake Turnover. Cold Hot Device to prevent mixing Remove after.
  316. 316. • Activity! Lake Turnover. – Please observe the layering of the Lake in summer (Start) – Teacher will ask students to blow on top layers. (Early Fall) – Teacher will add ice cubes (Early Winter) – Same effect occurs with Spring
  317. 317. • Activity! Lake Turnover – Please sketch the following in your journal. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  318. 318. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  319. 319. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  320. 320. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  321. 321. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  322. 322. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  323. 323. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  324. 324. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Layers form under ice
  325. 325. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  326. 326. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  327. 327. • Activity! Lake Turnover Question. – Please describe in three sentences how a lake changes throughout the year. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  328. 328. • Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a lake goes through many changes. In the summer the lake has three distinct layers. Colder temperatures and wind in the fall mix the layers. After the ice forms across the lake, winter layers form. The melting ice mixes the layers in the spring. The lake returns to it’s summer layering when the temperatures warm. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  329. 329. • Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a lake goes through many changes. In the summer the lake has three distinct layers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  330. 330. • Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a lake goes through many changes. In the summer the lake has three distinct layers. Colder temperatures and wind in the fall mix the layers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  331. 331. • Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a lake goes through many changes. In the summer the lake has three distinct layers. Colder temperatures and wind in the fall mix the layers. After the ice forms across the lake, winter layers form. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  332. 332. • Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a lake goes through many changes. In the summer the lake has three distinct layers. Colder temperatures and wind in the fall mix the layers. After the ice forms across the lake, winter layers form. The melting ice mixes the layers in the spring. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  333. 333. • Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a lake goes through many changes. In the summer the lake has three distinct layers. Colder temperatures and wind in the fall mix the layers. After the ice forms across the lake, winter layers form. The melting ice mixes the layers in the spring. The lake returns to it’s summer layering when the temperatures warm. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  334. 334. • Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a lake goes through many changes. In the summer the lake has three distinct layers. Colder temperatures and wind in the fall mix the layers. After the ice forms across the lake, winter layers form. The melting ice mixes the layers in the spring. The lake returns to it’s summer layering when the temperatures warm. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about lake turnover at… http://www.islandnet.com/~see/weather/elements/turnlakes.htm
  335. 335. • You can now complete this question on your homework packet about lake turnover. • Make sure to use color for this question. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy