• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
-Please make notes legible and use indentations
when appropriate.
-Example of indent.
-Skip a line between topics
-Don’t s...
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
• BLACK SLIDE: Pay at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
• Remember: Make the most with the time
that you are given.
• Remember: Make the most with the time
that you are given. Getting a strong
education is worth the time.
• Remember: Make the most with the time
that you are given. Getting a strong
education is worth the time. The next few
yea...
 Area of Focus: Earth System History and Time.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
What are some things that we think of as old?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Journal Question?
– If the history of the earth from its formation 4.6
billion years ago until present was put into a 12...
• Journal Question?
– If the history of the earth from its formation 4.6
billion years ago until present was put into a 12...
If the entire
history of the
earth was a 12
hour day.
Earth
Forms
Layers of
the earth
Form
Earth
Cools
Earth
Cools
Earth
Cools
Moon
Forms
Earth
Cools
Earth
Earliest
Crystals
Earliest
Rocks
Primitive
Life
Forms
Microbes
Begin to
produce Oxygen
First Cells
with
Nucleus
Explosion
of Ocean
Life
Shelled
creatures in
oceans
Primitive
Fish
First
Insects
Amphibians
Colonize
Land
Age of
Amphibians
Age of
Reptiles
First
Mammals
Dinosaurs
Dominate
First
Flowering
Plants
Extinction
of the
Dinosaurs
Age of
Mammals
11:59
11:59
Humans
?
Human existence - The
last few seconds of the
last minute before
midnight.
• Video Link! What does this 12 hour
comparison sound like in one minute.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YXSEyttblMI
What Big Idea does
4.68 Billion years
represent?
The earth is very old, a lot
has changed, and the
processes of today happened
billions of years ago.
“I am only a few
thousand years old.”
“Incredibly young in
Earth’s very long
history.”
 Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Can you find the...
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Can you find the...
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Can you find the...
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Can you find the...
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Can you find the...
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Can you find the...
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
System:
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
System: A group ...
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Physical:
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Physical: Laws t...
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Physical: Laws t...
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Physical: Laws t...
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Physical: Laws t...
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Physical: Laws t...
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Chemical:
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Chemical: When a...
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Chemical: When a...
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Biological:
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Biological: Life...
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Components:
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Components: Part...
• Earth system history has physical, chemical, and
biological components.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Summary: Earth h...
 Uni for mi tar i an ism : The laws of nature
have not changed over time.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Uni for mi tar i an ism : The laws of nature
have not changed over time.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Uni for mi tar i an ism : The laws of nature
have not changed over time.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Uni for mi tar i an ism : The laws of nature
have not changed over time.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Uni for mi tar i an ism : The laws of nature
have not changed over time.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Uni for mi tar i an ism : The laws of nature
have not changed over time.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Uni for mi tar i an ism : The laws of nature
have not changed over time.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Uni for mi tar i an ism : The laws of nature
have not changed over time.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Uniformitarianism : The laws of nature have not
changed over time.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Uniformitarianism : The laws of nature have not
changed over time.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Uniformitarianism : The laws of nature have not
changed over time.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Laws of nature:
• Laws of nature:
– How chemicals react?
• Laws of nature:
– How chemicals react?
– How water erodes materials?
• Laws of nature:
– How chemicals react?
– How water erodes materials?
– Laws of physics?
• Laws of nature:
– How chemicals react?
– How water erodes materials?
– Laws of physics?
• These are things that don’t ch...
• Evolution has also occurred during the earths
long history.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Dis...
• Evolution has also occurred during the earths
long history.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Dis...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
 Principle of superposition: Oldest rocks and
fossil are on bottom, youngest on top.
 Principle of superposition: Oldest rocks and
fossil are on bottom, youngest on top.
 Principle of superposition: Oldest rocks and
fossil are on bottom, youngest on top.
 Principle of superposition: Oldest rocks and
fossil are on bottom, youngest on top.
 Principle of superposition: Oldest rocks and
fossil are on bottom, youngest on top.
 Principle of superposition: Oldest rocks and
fossil are on bottom, youngest on top.
 Principle of superposition: Oldest rocks and
fossil are on bottom, youngest on top.
Oldest Rock Layers
Youngest Rock Layers
Oldest Rock Layers
• Which time period is the oldest, middle, and
youngest based on the Principle of
Superposition?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. ...
• Which time period is the oldest, middle, and
youngest based on the Principle of
Superposition?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. ...
• Which time period is the oldest, middle, and
youngest based on the Principle of
Superposition?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. ...
• Which time period is the oldest, middle, and
youngest based on the Principle of
Superposition?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. ...
• Activity! Which of the following is older
based on the Principle of Superposition?
– Shells or ferns?
Copyright © 2010 R...
• Video Link! Law of Superposition
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EadTLGM
u3LI
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Which of the following is older
based on the Principle of Superposition?
– Shells or ferns?
Copyright © 2010 R...
• Activity! Which of the following is older
based on the Principle of Superposition?
– Shells or ferns?
Copyright © 2010 R...
• Answer:
– Shells
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is older, Fish or Snails?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is older, Fish or Snails?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is older, Fish or Snails?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is older, Fish or Snails?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is older, Early dinosaurs or plants?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is older, Early dinosaurs or plants?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is older, Early dinosaurs or plants?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is older, Early dinosaurs or plants?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which three layers of rock could have
occurred after a major extinction event?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which three layers of rock could have
occurred after a major extinction event?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Extinctio...
• Which three layers of rock could have
occurred after a major extinction event?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Extinctio...
• Which three layers of rock could have
occurred after a major extinction event?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Extinctio...
• Which three layers of rock could have
occurred after a major extinction event?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Extinctio...
• Which three layers of rock could have
occurred after a major extinction event?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Very few fossils in a particular rock layer
may indicate an extinction event occurred
just prior? Answer 10,
Copyright ©...
• Very few fossils in a particular rock layer
may indicate an extinction event occurred
just prior? Answer 10, 8,
Copyrigh...
• Very few fossils in a particular rock layer
may indicate an extinction event occurred
just prior? Answer 10, 8, 6
Copyri...
• The fossil record of changes in plants and
animals over millions of years.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The fossil record of changes in plants and
animals over millions of years.
– From simple to more complicated.
Copyright ...
• Principle of superposition. The rock layers
on the bottom are older.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Principle of superposition. The rock layers
on the bottom are older.
– More primitive creatures are seen in the older
ro...
• Activity! Principle of Superposition.
– Stack books one at a time.
– Teacher will place a playing card every so often in...
?
?
?
?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
?
?
?
?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Q/J
?
?
?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Q/J
?
?
?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Q/J
?
?
10/
9
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Q/J
?
?
10/
9
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Q/J
?
8
10/
9
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Q/J
?
8
10/
9
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Q/J
?
8
10/
9
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Q/J
2
8
10/
9
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Q/J
2
8
10/
9
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Note: Primitive
creatures can be in
younger layers.
Q/J
2
8
10/
9
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Note: Primitive
creatures can be in
younger layers.
Not the other
way around
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Human remains are only found
at the very top of the fossil
record. We are a young species.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
500 million years ago
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
500 million years ago
Present
• Earth’s Timeline is divided into various units of time.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Earth’s Timeline is divided into various units of time.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Earth’s Timeline is divided into various units of time.
– Eon (Longest amount of time)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Earth’s Timeline is divided into various units of time.
– Eon (Longest amount of time)
– Hadeon
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P....
• Earth’s Timeline is divided into various units of time.
– Eon (Longest amount of time)
– Hadeon, Archeon
Copyright © 201...
• Earth’s Timeline is divided into various units of time.
– Eon (Longest amount of time)
– Hadeon, Archeon, Proterozoic
Co...
• Earth’s Timeline is divided into various units of time.
– Eon (Longest amount of time)
– Hadeon, Archeon, Proterozoic
Co...
• Earth’s Timeline is divided into various units of time.
– Eon (Longest amount of time)
– Hadeon, Archeon, Proterozoic, P...
• Earth’s Timeline is divided into various units of time.
– Era (Second longest unit of time)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mur...
• Earth’s Timeline is divided into various units of time.
– Era (Second longest unit of time)
– Paleozoic,
Copyright © 201...
• Earth’s Timeline is divided into various units of time.
– Era (Second longest unit of time)
– Paleozoic, Mesozoic,
Copyr...
• Earth’s Timeline is divided into various units of time.
– Era (Second longest unit of time)
– Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Cenoz...
• Earth’s Timeline is divided into various units of time.
– Period (Third longest unit of time)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. M...
• Earth’s Timeline is divided into various units of time.
– Period (Third longest unit of time)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. M...
• Earth’s Timeline is divided into various units of time.
– Epoch (Shortest Unit of Geologic Time)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P...
• Earth’s Timeline is divided into various units of time.
– Epoch (Shortest Unit of Geologic Time)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P...
What is longer, the
Vendian Period or
the Paleozoic Era?
What is longer, the
Vendian Period or
the Paleozoic Era?
What is longer, the
Vendian Period or
the Paleozoic Era?
What is longer, the
Eocene Epoch or the
Tertiary Period or
the Paleozoic Era?
What is longer, the
Eocene Epoch or the
Tertiary Period or
the Paleozoic Era?
What is longer, the
Eocene Epoch or the
Tertiary Period or
the Paleozoic Era?
What is longer, the
Mesozoic Era or the
Proterozoic Eon?
What is longer, the
Mesozoic Era or the
Proterozoic Eon?
What is longer, the
Mesozoic Era or the
Proterozoic Eon?
The Jurassic Period
belongs in what Era?
The Jurassic Period
belongs in what Era?
Answer:
Mesozoic Era
The Pilocene Epoch
belongs to this
Period?
The Pliocene Epoch
belongs to this
Period?
The Pliocene Epoch
belongs to this
Period?
Answer:
Tertiary Period
The Tertiary Period
belongs to this Era?
The Tertiary Period
belongs to this Era?
The Tertiary Period
belongs to this Era?
Answer:
Cenozoic Era
The Cenozoic Era
belongs to this Eon?
The Cenozoic Era
belongs to this Eon?
The Cenozoic Era
belongs to this Eon?
Answer:
Phanerozoic Eon
Describe all of the
units of time that
the Cambrian is part
of?
Describe all of the
units of time that
the Cambrian is part
of?
Describe all of the
units of time that
the Cambrian is part
of?
Answer:
Cambrian Period
Describe all of the
units of time that
the Cambrian is part
of?
Answer:
Cambrian Period
Paleozoic Era
Describe all of the
units of time that
the Cambrian is part
of?
Answer:
Cambrian Period
Paleozoic Era
Phanerozoic Eon
Describe all of the
units of time that
the Pleistocene is
part of?
Describe all of the
units of time that
the Pleistocene is
part of?
Pleistocene Epoch
Describe all of the
units of time that
the Pleistocene is
part of?
Pleistocene Epoch
Quaternary Period
Describe all of the
units of time that
the Pleistocene is
part of?
Pleistocene Epoch
Quaternary Period
Cenozoic Era
Describe all of the
units of time that
the Pleistocene is
part of?
Pleistocene Epoch
Quaternary Period
Cenozoic Era
Phaner...
Which time unit
makes up the most
of Earth’s History?
Which time unit
makes up the most
of Earth’s History?
The Precambrian
Super-Eon
Certain events /
changes on Earth
mark the end of one
time period, and the
start of another.
Certain events /
changes on Earth
mark the end of one
time period, and the
start of another.
Often these are
extinction ev...
 The system is fragile. Changes in living
conditions for animals have been numerous
throughout Earth’s history.
Copyright...
 The system is fragile. Changes in living
conditions for animals have been numerous
throughout Earth’s history.
Copyright...
The Earth is a fragile
system that has…
The earth has changed
many times and most
species go extinct.
• Are you ready for the scary piece of
knowledge on the next slide.
• Are you ready for the scary piece of
knowledge on the next slide.
• 99.5% of all things that have ever lived
have become extinct.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• 99.5% of all things that have ever lived
have become extinct.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Where are the extinction
events below?
“I’m waiting.”
“99.5%”
“I’m waiting.”
“99.5%”
Learn more at
http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/history_of
_the_earth
• Video Link! (Optional) Hank explains mass
extinctions.
– Preview for language
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FlUes_NPa...
• You should be close to page 3 of your
Earth System History homework.
• Activity! Timeline
– Please jot down pictures, descriptions, and
words in all of the these time periods as they are
cove...
• Video! History of the earth in five minutes.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Making a timeline of Earth’s long
history on a paper roll.
• Activity: Making a timeline of Earth System
History.
– http://serc.carleton.edu/quantskills/activities/c
alculatortape.h...
4.56 meters
4.56 meters
4.56 meters
4.56 meters
4.56 meters
4.56 meters
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
650 m.y.a
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
248 m.y.a
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
65 m.y.a
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Proteorzoic Eon
Starts Here
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Archean Eon Starts Here
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Archean Eon Starts Here
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Set-up timeline so you can see
screen over the next few days.
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
• Website to gather info / pictures for timeline:
– http://www.totallydifferent.co.uk/fossils/Geologic
al_Timeline.html
• Please draw pictures and include text on your
timeline as we cover them in the slideshow.
– Get your timeline ready, pen...
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
• Precambrian 4.5 to 3.8 billion years ago.
Solar system forms
Planet forming disk around a star. (artistic)
• Video Link! (Optional) Star and planet
formation.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uhy1fucSRQI
• Protoplanet: a hypothetical whirling gaseous
mass within a giant cloud of gas and dust
that rotates around a sun and is ...
• Precambrian
• Hadean, Archean, and Proterozoic Eon’s
– -
– -
– -
– -
– -
• Precambrian
• Hadean, Archean, and Proterozoic Eon’s
– -
– -
– -
– -
– -
• Precambrian
• Hadean, Archean, and Proterozoic Eon’s
– -
– -
– -
– -
– -
• Precambrian
• Hadean, Archean, and Proterozoic Eon’s
– -
– -
– -
– -
– -
• Earth’s molten layers form (Denser
materials go to the middle / core)
•
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Formation of Earth’s Crust (cooling).
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Meteorites bombard the planet.
– The earth increases in size.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Meteorites bombard the planet.
– The earth increases in size.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Meteorites bombard the planet.
– The earth increases in size.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• How did the moon get here / form?
• Theories on how moon was formed?
– The Fission Theory: The Moon was once part of the Earth and
somehow separated from th...
• Theories on how moon was formed?
– The Fission Theory: The Moon was once part of the Earth and
somehow separated from th...
Theories on moon formation, Learn more:
http://www.universetoday.com/47996/how-was-the-moon-
formed/
• Video Link! Formation of the moon.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ibV4MdN5wo0
• Video Link! Formation of the Moon
– Longer Version
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m8P5ujNwEwM
• It’s warmer in summer time because…
– A.) The sun increases its energy during the
summer.
– B.) The earth is closer to t...
• It’s warmer in summer time because…
– A.) The sun increases its energy during the
summer.
– B.) The earth is closer to t...
• It’s warmer in summer time because…
– A.) The sun increases its energy during the
summer.
– B.) The earth is closer to t...
• It’s warmer in summer time because…
– A.) The sun increases its energy during the
summer.
– B.) The earth is closer to t...
• It’s warmer in summer time because…
– A.) The sun increases its energy during the
summer.
– B.) The earth is closer to t...
• Water molecules found inside salt crystals
of meteorites.
• Water molecules found inside salt crystals
of meteorites.
– The earth was bombarded for billions of
years, each meteorit...
• Amino acids, which are the building blocks
of proteins have been found inside
meteorites.
• Atmosphere originates (No oxygen yet).
• Atmosphere originates (No oxygen yet).
• Atmosphere originates (No oxygen yet).
• The first oceans…
• The first oceans…
• The first continents
• A long time goes by and then…
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon
Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
• Earliest life begins (primitive protocells).
• A long time goes by and then…
• Earth became frozen.
• Microbes helped produce an oxygen rich
atmosphere through photosynthesis.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Microbes helped produce an oxygen rich
atmosphere through photosynthesis.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• First Multi-cellular life (many cells).
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• First Multi-cellular life (many cells).
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• First Multi-cellular life (many cells).
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Picture of earliest fossilized cyanobacteria
at 3.4 billion years old.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Picture of earliest fossilized cyanobacteria
at 3.4 billion years old.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Bacteria: Very sm...
• Picture of earliest fossilized cyanobacteria
at 3.4 billion years old.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Bacteria: Very sm...
• Picture of earliest fossilized cyanobacteria
at 3.4 billion years old.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Bacteria: Very sm...
• On Origins Optional PowerPoint in activities folder.
– This can also be run at the end of the unit.
Copyright © 2010 Rya...
• Supercontinents form (Rodinia)
• Explosion of new animals (sea)
This black space
represents the
Precambrian Super-Eon
of Earth’s History 87%
his black space represents the other 13% of
ime. From the first multi-cellular life to now.
Human Species
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon
Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon
Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
Paleozoic Era Cenozoic Era
• Paleozoic Era
– Vendian, Cambrian, Ordovican, Silurian,
Devonian, Carboniferous, and Permian
Periods.
• -
• -
• -
• -
• ...
• Paleozoic Era
– Vendian, Cambrian, Ordovican, Silurian,
Devonian, Carboniferous, and Permian
Periods.
• -
• -
• -
• -
• ...
• Paleozoic Era
– Vendian, Cambrian, Ordovican, Silurian,
Devonian, Carboniferous, and Permian
Periods.
• -
• -
• -
• -
• ...
• Paleozoic Era
– Vendian, Cambrian, Ordovican, Silurian,
Devonian, Carboniferous, and Permian
Periods.
• -
• -
• -
• -
• ...
• Paleozoic Era
– Vendian, Cambrian, Ordovican, Silurian,
Devonian, Carboniferous, and Permian
Periods.
• -
• -
• -
• -
• ...
• Paleozoic Era
– Vendian, Cambrian, Ordovican, Silurian,
Devonian, Carboniferous, and Permian
Periods.
• -
• -
• -
• -
• ...
• Paleozoic Era
– Vendian, Cambrian, Ordovican, Silurian,
Devonian, Carboniferous, and Permian
Periods.
• -
• -
• -
• -
• ...
• Paleozoic Era
– Vendian, Cambrian, Ordovican, Silurian,
Devonian, Carboniferous, and Permian
Periods.
• -
• -
• -
• -
• ...
• Marine invertebrates dominate.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Video Link! Animation of Paleozoic Sea Life at
Field Museum in Chicago. (Cambrian)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LbhG...
• Burgess Shale: A very important site that has
found thousands of Paleozoic fossils.
– Great example of an ocean environm...
• Activity! Making a fossil in the Burgess Shale.
– Obtain a piece of clay.
– Smooth it out so it is long and flat.
– Pres...
• Plants invade land.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Jawed Fish Evolve.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• First Insects.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Amphibians invade land.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Millions of
Years
• Carboniferous swamps become our fossil
fuels.
• First Reptiles
• Insects take to the air.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Most massive extinction event the
planet had ever seen. Environmental
change, impact event, volcanism, and
sea floor metha...
“99.5%”
• Video Link! The Arrival of Life (Optional)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7dhSjKrLtPQ
• Video Link! Part 2 The Arrival
– Lots of Info about Burgess Shale and
Cambrian Explosion.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch...
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
Paleozoic Era Cenozoic Era
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era
• Mesozoic Era
– Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous Periods
• -
• -
• -
• -
• -
• Mesozoic Era
– Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous Periods
• -
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• -
• -
• Mesozoic Era
– Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous Periods
• -
• -
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• -
• -
• Mesozoic Era
– Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous Periods
• -
• -
• -
• -
• -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Dinosaurs dominate.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Learn more about dinosaurs at…
http://dsc.discovery.com/dinosaurs/
“99.5%”
20
20
• The Supercontinent Pangea began to split in
the middle / late Jurassic. (Plate Tectonics)
20
Some theories
suggest that….
The reptiles used
more of their energy
for growing and less
for keeping their
bodies warm
com...
Some theories
suggest that….
Also lots of oxygen,
carbon dioxide, and a
lush planet had lots of
food.
Learn more at…
http:...
• Mesozoic Era (Focus on the Dinosaurs)
– Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous Periods
• -
• -
• -
• -
• -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
• Dinosaurs can be divided into two groups.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Dinosaurs can be divided into two groups.
– Ornithsichia ("bird-hipped")
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Dinosaurs can be divided into two groups.
– Ornithsichia ("bird-hipped")
– Saurischia ("lizard-hipped").
Copyright © 201...
• An ornithologist is a scientist who studies
birds.
• An ornithologist is a scientist who studies
birds.
• Activity! Who is king of the dinosaurs in this
class.
– Each student gets an old cd.
– Each slide will present two dinos...
Which is Ornithsichia?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Which is Ornithsichia?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Which is Ornithsichia and which is Saurischia
Ornithsichia
("bird-hipped")
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Which is Saurischia?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Which is Saurischia?
Saurischia
(“Lizard-hipped")
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Ornithsichia ("bird-hipped")
– Thyreophoria (Which is Stegosaurus?)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Ornithsichia ("bird-hipped")
– Thyreophoria (Which is Stegosaurus?)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Ornithsichia ("bird-hipped")
– Thyreophoria (Which is which?)
• Stegosaurus Ankylosaurus
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is Dilophosaurus?
• Which is Dilophosaurus?
• Which is Dilophosaurus? Triceratops
• Ornithsichia ("bird-hipped")
– Cerapoda (Which is a Ornithopod?)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Ornithsichia ("bird-hipped")
– Cerapoda (Which is a Ornithopod?)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Marginocephalia divided into
– Ceratopsians
– Pachycephalosaurs
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which one is Pachycephalosaurs?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which one is Pachycephalosaurs?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which one is Pachycephalosaurs?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Saurischia (Lizard Hipped)
– Sauropodormorpha (Which is a Sauropods?)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Saurischia (Lizard Hipped)
– Sauropodormorpha (Which is a Sauropods?)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Saurischia (Lizard Hipped)
– Sauropodormorpha (Which is a Sauropods?)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is a Theropod?
• Which is a Theropod?
• Which is a Velociraptor?
• Which is a Velociraptor?
• Which is a Pteradactyl?
• Which is a Pteradactyl?
• Which one is Spinosaurus?
• Which one is Spinosaurus?
• Which one is Spinosaurus? Tyrannosaurus
TyrannosaurusTyrannosaurus
• Which one is Spinosaurus? Tyrannosaurus
TyrannosaurusTyrannosaurus
These two dinosaurs
did not live during the
same time...
“This is the last one?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is a Tylosaurus?
• Which is a Tylosaurus?
• This is the Frilled Shark – Alive on Earth
today in the deeper waters of the ocean.
• Activity! Congratulations to anyone who
still has their token.
“Great work, you are
King of this puny little
class.” “I ...
• Video Link! Walking with Dinosaurs, The
Ballad of Big Al.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cubdagTiRHE
– http://www.yout...
• Video Link! Dinosaur Song.
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W0FOZ
0-VpcU
• First birds.
• Archaeopteryx: Earliest ancestor to
modern birds (150 million years ago)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Archaeopteryx: Earliest ancestor to
modern birds (150 million years ago)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Birds came from Theropods.
– How are they similar and different?
• Similar
– Three toed foot.
– Walk on two legs.
– Hollow bones.
– Wishbone.
– Backward pointing pelvis.
– Theropods did h...
• Similar
– Three toed foot.
– Walk on two legs.
– Hollow bones.
– Wishbone.
– Backward pointing pelvis.
– Theropods did h...
• Similar
– Three toed foot.
– Walk on two legs.
– Hollow bones.
– Wishbone.
– Backward pointing pelvis.
– Theropods did h...
• Similar
– Three toed foot.
– Walk on two legs.
– Hollow bones.
– Wishbone.
– Backward pointing pelvis.
– Theropods did h...
• Similar
– Three toed foot.
– Walk on two legs.
– Hollow bones.
– Wishbone.
– Backward pointing pelvis.
– Theropods did h...
• Similar
– Three toed foot.
– Walk on two legs.
– Hollow bones.
– Wishbone.
– Backward pointing pelvis.
– Theropods did h...
• Similar
– Three toed foot.
– Walk on two legs.
– Hollow bones.
– Wishbone.
– Backward pointing pelvis.
– Theropods did h...
• Similar
– Three toed foot.
– Walk on two legs.
– Hollow bones.
– Wishbone.
– Backward pointing pelvis.
– Theropods did h...
• Similar
– Three toed foot.
– Walk on two legs.
– Hollow bones.
– Wishbone.
– Backward pointing pelvis.
– Theropods did h...
• Similar
– Three toed foot.
– Walk on two legs.
– Hollow bones.
– Wishbone.
– Backward pointing pelvis.
– Theropods did h...
• Similar
– Three toed foot.
– Walk on two legs.
– Hollow bones.
– Wishbone.
– Backward pointing pelvis.
– Theropods did h...
• Similar
– Three toed foot.
– Walk on two legs.
– Hollow bones.
– Wishbone.
– Backward pointing pelvis.
– Theropods did h...
• Different
• Different
– Theropods arms are longer / no wings.
• Different
– Theropods arms are longer / no wings.
– Changes in wrist.
• Different
– Theropods arms are longer / no wings.
– Changes in wrist.
– More pronounced feathers in modern birds?
• First mammals.
• First mammals.
Early mammals. Learn more at…
http://www.earthlife.net/mammals/evolution.html
• First flowers.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• K-T mass extinction event
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• K-T mass extinction event
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• K-T mass extinction event
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A layer of Iridium can be found across the
globe in rock layers around 65 million
years ago.
• A layer of Iridium can be found across the
globe in rock layers around 65 million
years ago.
• A layer of Iridium can be found across the
globe in rock layers around 65 million
years ago.
– Iridium is found on Meteo...
• A layer of Iridium can be found across the
globe in rock layers around 65 million
years ago.
– Iridium is found on Meteo...
• A layer of Iridium can be found across the
globe in rock layers around 65 million
years ago.
– Iridium is found on Meteo...
• A layer of Iridium can be found across the
globe in rock layers around 65 million
years ago.
– Iridium is found on Meteo...
• A layer of Iridium can be found across the
globe in rock layers around 65 million
years ago.
– Iridium is found on Meteo...
• A layer of Iridium can be found across the
globe in rock layers around 65 million
years ago.
– Iridium is found on Meteo...
• A layer of Iridium can be found across the
globe in rock layers around 65 million
years ago. K-T Mass Extinction Event
–...
• A layer of Iridium can be found across the
globe in rock layers around 65 million
years ago. K-T Mass Extinction Event
–...
• A layer of Iridium can be found across the
globe in rock layers around 65 million
years ago. K-T Mass Extinction Event
–...
• K-T mass extinction event...(Debate Exists)
– Combination of Impact event.
– Volcanism.
– Disease.
• K-T mass extinction event...(Debate Exists)
– Combination of Impact event.
– Volcanism.
– Disease.
Learn more about the
...
• Optional PowerPoint.
– Found in Activities folder
– Asteroids, Impact Craters, and Torino Scale
• Without this extinction event, the odds
are…
• The age of Mammals wouldn’t have happened.
• Age of Mammals wouldn’t have happened.
“I love a
good
Mammal.”
• The age of dinosaur dominance was over.
• The age of dinosaur dominance was over.
• The age of dinosaur dominance was over.
99.5%
• The age of dinosaur dominance was over.
The age of mammals begins.
• The age of dinosaur dominance was over.
The age of mammals begins.
“It’s nice not
having all those
dinosaurs around,
now I can rise to
power.”
“Hey Mammal!”
99.5%
Read more about the extinction event at…
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/education/events/cowe
n1b.html
• Last little bit about dinosaurs.
– They ruled this planet for 183 million years.
– That is a long time!
• Last little bit about dinosaurs.
– They ruled this planet for 183 million years.
– That is a long time!
• Last little bit about dinosaurs.
– They ruled this planet for 183 million years.
– That is a long time!
• Video Link! Building a Dinosaur
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dZMQOe9
RQ4Y
• Video Link! (Optional) Life After Dinosaurs
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b7QSwAhMuUY
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era
4.56 meters
500 m.y. 500 m.y 250
m.y.
250
Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
• Cenozoic Era
– Tertiary, and Quaternary Periods
• -
• -
• -
• -
• -
• -
• Cenozoic Era
– Tertiary, and Quaternary Periods
• -
• -
• -
• -
• -
• -
• Cenozoic Era
– Tertiary, and Quaternary Periods
• -
• -
• -
• -
• -
• -
• Mammals change.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Mammals continued to radiate but still had
to hide from the Terror Birds of the
Cenozoic.
– Phorusrhacids
• Mammals continued to radiate but still had
to hide from the Terror Birds of the
Cenozoic.
– Phorusrhacids
Present Day Bird
Species
Size Comparison
Present Day Bird
Species
Size Comparison
Present Day Bird
Species
Size Comparison
Present Day Bird
Species
Size Comparison
“Imagine how cool it
would be to have these
Terror Birds running
around today.”
• Eventually, Larger mammals evolved that
were able to prey upon the Terror Birds
and caused their extinction.
• Eventually, Larger mammals evolved that
were able to prey upon the Terror Birds
and caused their extinction.
• Eventually, Larger mammals evolved that
were able to prey upon the Terror Birds
and caused their extinction.
• Earliest Monkeys.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
47
million
year old
primate
fossil.
“Ida”
• Climate becomes drier.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Panama attaches South America to North
America
• Panama attaches South America to North
America
• Why would the connection of Panama to
South America cause ecological chaos?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Why would the connection of Panama to
South America cause ecological chaos?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Why would the connection of Panama to
South America cause ecological chaos?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Why would the connection of Panama to
South America cause ecological chaos?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Why would the connection of Panama to
South America cause ecological chaos?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Why would the connection of Panama to
South America cause ecological chaos?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Many animals species in S. America
rush into N. America and vice versa.
• Answer! Many animals species in S. America
rush into N. America and vice versa.
– Increased competition causes many exti...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• Evolution is the change in the gene pool
overtime.
– Gene Pools can change when…
– Populations can shrink
• Diseases, ex...
• First human hominids.
• Modern Man (Whoa)
• Early Clovis hunters found an abundance of
animals to hunt during this time period.
• Early Clovis hunters found an abundance of
animals to hunt during this time period.
Many of these animals had never
enco...
• Early Clovis hunters found an abundance of
animals to hunt during this time period.
Many of these animals had never
enco...
• Early Clovis hunters found an abundance of
animals to hunt during this time period.
Many of these animals had never
enco...
• Early Clovis hunters found an abundance of
animals to hunt during this time period.
Many of these animals had never
enco...
• Tar pits killed and preserved many of the
“Megafuana” ice age mammals.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A tar pit is a place where bitumen “form of
crude oil” seeps to the surface.
– Animals can become trapped and die.
• Tour of Megafuana from the past
– Megafuana are large animals.
• Tour of Megafuana from the past
– Megafuana are large animals. Our Tour 23 M.Y.A
• Tour of Megafuana from the past
– Megafuana are large animals. Our Tour 23 M.Y.A
• Tour of Megafuana from the past
– Megafuana are large animals. Extinction Event
• Giant Ground Sloth
• Giant Ground Sloth
• Giant Armadillo
• Giant Armadillo
• Dire Wolf
• Dire Wolf
• Short Faced Bear
• Short Faced Bear
• Short Faced Skunk
• Short Faced Skunk
• American Lion
• American Lion
• Saber-toothed Cats
• Saber-toothed Cats
• Smilodon – A specific Saber Toothed Cat
• Smilodon – A specific Saber Toothed Cat
• Giant Beaver
• Giant Beaver
• Hyaenodon
• Hyaenodon
• North American Horses
• North American Horses
Giant Beaver• North America Tapir
Giant Beaver• North America Tapir
• Peccaries
• Peccaries
• Stag Moose
• Stag Moose
• Wooly Rhino
• Wooly Rhino
• Wooly Rhino
• Moeritherium
• Moeritherium
• The Columbian Mammoth
• The Columbian Mammoth
• American Mastodon
• American Mastodon
• Wooly Mammoth
• Wooly Mammoth
Which is a Mammoth and which is a Mastodon?
Both about size of Asian Elephant
Both about size of Asian Elephant
Thick Coat
Both about size of Asian Elephant
Thick Coat and peaked
forehead
Both about size of Asian Elephant
Thick Coat and peaked
forehead and hump
and curved tusk
Both about size of Asian Elephant
Thick Coat and peaked
forehead and hump
and curved tusks
• Baluchiterium
-Largest mammal ever known
• Baluchiterium
-Largest mammal ever known
• North American Camel.
• North American Camel.
• Giant Cheetah
• Giant Cheetah
• Dinohyus “Terrible Pig”
• Dinohyus “Terrible Pig”
• Bear Dog
• Bear Dog
• Bear Dog
• Dinictus
• Dinictus
• Andrewsarchus
• Andrewsarchus
• Chalicotherium
• Chalicotherium
• Uintatherium
• Uintatherium
• Doedicurus
• Doedicurus
• California Condor
• California Condor
• California Condor
“All of the
megafauna are
gone..”
Woolly Rhino
Coelodonta
Woolly Rhino
Coelodonta
Woolly Rhino
Coelodonta
Mammoth
Woolly Rhino
Coelodonta
Mammoth
Woolly Rhino
Coelodonta
Mammoth
Stag Moose
Giant Ground
Sloth
Giant Ground
Sloth
Giant Ground
Sloth
Giant Armadillo
Giant Ground
Sloth
Giant Armadillo
Giant Ground
Sloth
Giant Armadillo Mastodon
or
Mammoth
Giant Ground
Sloth
Giant Armadillo
Mammoth
Giant Ground
Sloth
Giant Armadillo
Mammoth
Giant Ground
Sloth
Giant Armadillo
Mammoth
Saber-toothed cats
Smilodon
Learn more about ice age animals at…
http://exhibits.museum.state.il.us/exhib
its/larson/ice_age_animals.html
• Video Links! Walking with Prehistoric Giants,
Many Large Mammals that were abundant
during the Ice Age even though focus...
• Video Links! Walking with Prehistoric Giants,
Many Large Mammals that were abundant
during the Ice Age even though focus...
• Video Links! (Optional)
• Walking with Prehistoric Beasts
– Part I:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jW9hO-
KE1rU&feature=r...
• All of the Historical Periods are a blink of
time on the Geologic Timescale.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• All of the Historical Periods are a blink of
time on the Geologic Timescale.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• All of the Historical Periods are a blink of
time on the Geologic Timescale.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• All of the Historical Periods are a blink of
time on the Geologic Timescale.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• All of the Historical Periods are a blink of
time on the Geologic Timescale.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• All of the Historical Periods are a blink of
time on the Geologic Timescale.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• All of the Historical Periods are a blink of
time on the Geologic Timescale.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• All of the Historical Periods are a blink of
time on the Geologic Timescale.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• All of the Historical Periods are a blink of
time on the Geologic Timescale.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• All of the Historical Periods are a blink of
time on the Geologic Timescale.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• All of the Historical Periods are a blink of
time on the Geologic Timescale.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• All of the Historical Periods are a blink of
time on the Geologic Timescale.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• All of the Historical Periods are a blink of
time on the Geologic Timescale.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Video - Evolution of Everything, 13.7 billion years
ago to modern humans in 7 min. Enjoy!
• http://www.youtube.com/watch...
The Earth is a fragile
system that has…
The earth has changed
many times and most
species go extinct.
• Try and figure out the picture beneath the
boxes. Raise your hand when you know
the picture.
– You only get one guess.
C...
• Try again. Try and figure out the picture
beneath the boxes. Raise your hand
when you know the picture.
– You only get o...
• Try again. Try and figure out the picture
beneath the boxes. Raise your hand
when you know the picture.
– You only get o...
“99.5% of all
organisms from the
very long history
Of the earth
have gone extinct.”
“I have your
number strange
primate mammal.”
• You should be close to the end of your
Earth System History homework.
• You should be close to page 3 of your
Earth System History homework.
• and page 4…
• Activity! (Optional) Dinosaur or other Paleo
organism Project.
– Each student is to pick a specific member
organism from...
• Possible Projects
– Poster board and research.
– Video project?
– Museum exhibit?
– PowerPoint
– Research paper.
– Drama...
• Possible Projects
– Poster board and research.
– Video project?
– Museum exhibit?
– PowerPoint
– Research paper.
– Drama...
• Possible Projects
– Poster board and research.
– Video project?
– Museum exhibit?
– PowerPoint
– Research paper.
– Drama...
• Possible Projects
– Poster board and research.
– Video project?
– Museum exhibit?
– PowerPoint
– Research paper.
– Drama...
• Possible Projects
– Poster board and research.
– Video project?
– Museum exhibit?
– PowerPoint
– Research paper.
– Drama...
• Possible Projects
– Poster board and research.
– Video project?
– Museum exhibit?
– PowerPoint
– Research paper.
– Drama...
• Possible Projects
– Poster board and research.
– Video project?
– Museum exhibit?
– PowerPoint
– Research paper.
– Drama...
• Possible Projects
– Poster board and research.
– Video project?
– Museum exhibit?
– PowerPoint
– Research paper.
– Drama...
• Possible Projects
– Poster board and research.
– Video project?
– Museum exhibit?
– PowerPoint
– Research paper.
– Drama...
• Possible Projects
– Poster board and research.
– Video project?
– Museum exhibit?
– PowerPoint
– Research paper.
– Drama...
• Possible Projects
– Poster board and research.
– Video project?
– Museum exhibit?
– PowerPoint
– Research paper.
– Drama...
Range that it lived and other
neat facts.
Physical /
Anatomical
Characteristics of
your animal.
Behavior / Diet. Describe ...
• Video Link! Earth History Crash Course.
– Optional and Advanced.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sjE-Pkjp3u4
Bring in y...
• Earth System History Review Game
Bring in your timeline sheet
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
• This part of the PowerPoint roadmap is just one small
part of my Geology Topics Unit. This unit includes…
• A six part 6...
Areas of Focus within The Geology
Topics Unit:
-Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: Plate Tectonics, Evidence f...
• This was a very brief tour. Please visit the
links below to learn more about each of the
units in this curriculum packag...
Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_In...
• More Units Available at…
Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics
Unit, The Astronomy Topic...
• The entire four year curriculum can be found at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to
contact me with any...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
Earth System History, Timeline of Earth Events, Geology Lesson PowerPoint
Earth System History, Timeline of Earth Events, Geology Lesson PowerPoint
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