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Making Great Places
 

Making Great Places

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Cynthia Nikitin of the Project for Public Spaces presented "Making Great Places" on Day Two of R-Squared's Creative Spaces Experience.

Cynthia Nikitin of the Project for Public Spaces presented "Making Great Places" on Day Two of R-Squared's Creative Spaces Experience.

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    Making Great Places Making Great Places Presentation Transcript

    • What Makes a Great Public Space?Presented by Cynthia Nikitin R Squared: Risk and Reward ConferenceSenior Vice President, PPS Telluride, CO September 11, 2012
    • 37 Years of Placemaking 50 U.S. States, 7 Canadian Provinces 42 Countries Over 110 Major Cities 3000 Communities 2 Million visitors to our web sites (2010) 37,000 people get our electronic newsletter 11300 Twitter 8200 Facebook
    • DowntownsSquares Civic CentersPublic Markets Streets and Roads NeighborhoodsParks Mixed-Use Centers Campuses
    • We shape our public spaces; thereafter our public spacesshape us. –PPS, adapted from Winston Churchill
    • “It’s difficult to create a space that will not attract people.What is remarkable is how often this has been accomplished.”- William H. Whyte
    • “What attracts people most, itwould appear, is other people.” ─William H. Whyte
    • It’s often difficult forpeople to understand thatplace is more importantthan design. ─ PPS
    • Why don’t we have better Public Spaces today?• Fear• Narrow Development Goals• Project-driven vs. Place- driven Planning• Discipline-Based Planning/Design vs. Community-Based Placemaking• Government Structure
    • We Have to TurnEverything Upside Down - To Get it Right Side Up To Get from Inadequate back to Extraordinary
    • Key AttributesWhat Makes a Great Place? Intangibles Measurements street life business ownership evening use property values volunteerism land-use patterns Fun retail sales Welcoming Cooperative Active Vital Neighborly Special Real sociability uses & activities PLACE access & linkages comfort & image Connected Safe Walkable Charm Clean Convenient Attractive Accessible Historic crime statstransit usage sanitation ratingpedestrian activity PROJECTconditions building FORparking usage patterns environmental data PUBLIC SPACES
    • A TALE OF TWO LIBRARIES
    • City Library, Salt Lake City, UT
    • Princeton Public Library, Princeton, NJ
    • Qualities of a Great Public Space• Attractions & Destinations• Identity & Image• Flexibility in Design• Amenities• Transparency• Active Edges• Triangulation• Seasonal Strategy• Mix of Uses• Reach out like and Octopus• Diverse Funding Base• Management
    • Attractions & Destinations
    • Image & Identity
    • Accessible
    • Flexible Design
    • Amenities
    • Active Edges
    • Transparency
    • Triangulation
    • Seasonal Strategies
    • Mix of Uses
    • The best way to handle the issue of undesirables is to make a place attractive to everyone else. –William H. Whyte
    • Reach out like an Octopus
    • Creating Great Civic Spaces Diverse Funding Base Security -- In Kind City Funding Donations 23% 17%•Public support Facility -•Private sponsorship Parks•Broad partnerships Tenant Department Leases 6% 24% Event Rentals 18% Event Sponsorships 12%
    • Management: Central to the Solution
    • Tools and Techniques for Creating Great Public Spaces 1. The community is the expert 2. You are creating a place not just a designUnderlying Ideas 3. You can’t do it alone 4. They always say it can’t be donePlanning & Outreach 5. You can see a lot just by observingTechniques 6. Develop a visionTranslating Ideas 7. Form supports functionInto Action 8. Triangulate 9. Start with the petuniasImplementation 10. Money is not the issue 11. You are never finished
    • 5. You can see a lot just by observing  Start by looking at how spaces are really working  Identify problem areas  Brainstorm solutions
    • Children’s WorkshopCreating a vision through art
    • BRACWest Farms SquarePedestrian Surveys
    • Community Destination and TransitRoute Mapping
    • Place Imagination Exercise
    • BRACWest Farms SquareTime Lapse Photography
    • BRACWest Farms SquareTime Lapse Photography
    • BRACWest Farms SquareRendering
    • 6. Develop a vision Be ambitious and create long term goals.
    • PROJECT FOR PUBLIC SPACES
    • PROJECT FOR PUBLIC SPACES
    • Stakeholder Interviewees: Library Staff City/County Planning Arts, Cultural and Community Organizations City/County Elected Officials Friends of the Library and Genealogy Society WGCU Transportation Property and Business Owners FMRA PROJECT FOR PUBLIC SPACES
    • PROJECT FOR PUBLIC SPACES
    • Concept 2 PROJECT FOR PUBLIC SPACES
    • CREATING A GREAT URBAN LIBRARYIN DOWNTOWN FT. MYERS PROJECTFOR PUBLIC SPACES
    • Communities Today Offices Churches Hospital Theatres/Coffee MuseumsShops Community Parks Center Transit Libraries Schools City Hall
    • Communities of the Future Churches Schools City Hall Community CentersLibraries Civic Squares Community Gathering Theatres/ Museums Coffee Spaces/Parks Shops Offices Hospitals Transit
    • It has to be a CampaignDevelopa vision Attack Complacency Produce Become great short term wins Connect changecommunicators Organize a to the culture strong team of the Take on community Search for bigger impediments challenges People Who Make Dramatic Change By John Kotter
    • Five PlacemakingStrategies for the Library of the future1. Conceive of and program libraries as public spaces2. Programmatic diversification vs. capital intensive efforts3. Facilitate partnerships with community organizations, civic institutions, & the private sector4. Leverage other public sector resources5. Undertake cooperative resource planning
    • "Place Game" Evaluation Process  Break into teams and assign a leader  Go out to assigned public-space sites and use the Place Game form to evaluate, observe, and interview  Return here at the appointed time to discuss your findings with your team  Create a mini-presentation to report back to all workshop participants
    • Access & Linkages • Convenient • Walkable • Continuity • Proximity • Connected • Enticing
    • Uses & Activities • Fun/Vital • Active • Indigenous • Sustainable • Affordable
    • Red Hook, Brooklyn
    • Comfort & Image • Attractive • Inviting • Usable • Historic • “Green” • Friendly
    • Sociability • Welcoming • Interactive • Neighborliness • Pride • Diversity • Stewardship
    • Agenda10:00 –10:45 pm• Place Evaluation Exercise• Evaluation of selected site. Teams will be assigned a specific site to evaluate and brainstorm ideas for.10:45 –11:30 am• Team Work and Brainstorming Session• Small group discussions11:30 – 12:00 pm• Applicability and Replicability Discussion• Adjourn
    • Reflection Plaza
    • Reflection Plaza:Site 1
    • Reflection Plaza: Site 2
    • Reflection Plaza: Site 3
    • Reflection Plaza: Site 4
    • Heritage Plaza: Site 1
    • Heritage Plaza: Site 2
    • Heritage Plaza: Site 3
    • Heritage Plaza: Site 4
    • www.pps.org @CynthiaNikitin Cnikitin@pps.org