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Making Great Places

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Cynthia Nikitin of the Project for Public Spaces presented "Making Great Places" on Day Two of R-Squared's Creative Spaces Experience.

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Making Great Places

  1. 1. What Makes a Great Public Space?Presented by Cynthia Nikitin R Squared: Risk and Reward ConferenceSenior Vice President, PPS Telluride, CO September 11, 2012
  2. 2. 37 Years of Placemaking 50 U.S. States, 7 Canadian Provinces 42 Countries Over 110 Major Cities 3000 Communities 2 Million visitors to our web sites (2010) 37,000 people get our electronic newsletter 11300 Twitter 8200 Facebook
  3. 3. DowntownsSquares Civic CentersPublic Markets Streets and Roads NeighborhoodsParks Mixed-Use Centers Campuses
  4. 4. We shape our public spaces; thereafter our public spacesshape us. –PPS, adapted from Winston Churchill
  5. 5. “It’s difficult to create a space that will not attract people.What is remarkable is how often this has been accomplished.”- William H. Whyte
  6. 6. “What attracts people most, itwould appear, is other people.” ─William H. Whyte
  7. 7. It’s often difficult forpeople to understand thatplace is more importantthan design. ─ PPS
  8. 8. Why don’t we have better Public Spaces today?• Fear• Narrow Development Goals• Project-driven vs. Place- driven Planning• Discipline-Based Planning/Design vs. Community-Based Placemaking• Government Structure
  9. 9. We Have to TurnEverything Upside Down - To Get it Right Side Up To Get from Inadequate back to Extraordinary
  10. 10. Key AttributesWhat Makes a Great Place? Intangibles Measurements street life business ownership evening use property values volunteerism land-use patterns Fun retail sales Welcoming Cooperative Active Vital Neighborly Special Real sociability uses & activities PLACE access & linkages comfort & image Connected Safe Walkable Charm Clean Convenient Attractive Accessible Historic crime statstransit usage sanitation ratingpedestrian activity PROJECTconditions building FORparking usage patterns environmental data PUBLIC SPACES
  11. 11. A TALE OF TWO LIBRARIES
  12. 12. City Library, Salt Lake City, UT
  13. 13. Princeton Public Library, Princeton, NJ
  14. 14. Qualities of a Great Public Space• Attractions & Destinations• Identity & Image• Flexibility in Design• Amenities• Transparency• Active Edges• Triangulation• Seasonal Strategy• Mix of Uses• Reach out like and Octopus• Diverse Funding Base• Management
  15. 15. Attractions & Destinations
  16. 16. Image & Identity
  17. 17. Accessible
  18. 18. Flexible Design
  19. 19. Amenities
  20. 20. Active Edges
  21. 21. Transparency
  22. 22. Triangulation
  23. 23. Seasonal Strategies
  24. 24. Mix of Uses
  25. 25. The best way to handle the issue of undesirables is to make a place attractive to everyone else. –William H. Whyte
  26. 26. Reach out like an Octopus
  27. 27. Creating Great Civic Spaces Diverse Funding Base Security -- In Kind City Funding Donations 23% 17%•Public support Facility -•Private sponsorship Parks•Broad partnerships Tenant Department Leases 6% 24% Event Rentals 18% Event Sponsorships 12%
  28. 28. Management: Central to the Solution
  29. 29. Tools and Techniques for Creating Great Public Spaces 1. The community is the expert 2. You are creating a place not just a designUnderlying Ideas 3. You can’t do it alone 4. They always say it can’t be donePlanning & Outreach 5. You can see a lot just by observingTechniques 6. Develop a visionTranslating Ideas 7. Form supports functionInto Action 8. Triangulate 9. Start with the petuniasImplementation 10. Money is not the issue 11. You are never finished
  30. 30. 5. You can see a lot just by observing  Start by looking at how spaces are really working  Identify problem areas  Brainstorm solutions
  31. 31. Children’s WorkshopCreating a vision through art
  32. 32. BRACWest Farms SquarePedestrian Surveys
  33. 33. Community Destination and TransitRoute Mapping
  34. 34. Place Imagination Exercise
  35. 35. BRACWest Farms SquareTime Lapse Photography
  36. 36. BRACWest Farms SquareTime Lapse Photography
  37. 37. BRACWest Farms SquareRendering
  38. 38. 6. Develop a vision Be ambitious and create long term goals.
  39. 39. PROJECT FOR PUBLIC SPACES
  40. 40. PROJECT FOR PUBLIC SPACES
  41. 41. Stakeholder Interviewees: Library Staff City/County Planning Arts, Cultural and Community Organizations City/County Elected Officials Friends of the Library and Genealogy Society WGCU Transportation Property and Business Owners FMRA PROJECT FOR PUBLIC SPACES
  42. 42. PROJECT FOR PUBLIC SPACES
  43. 43. Concept 2 PROJECT FOR PUBLIC SPACES
  44. 44. CREATING A GREAT URBAN LIBRARYIN DOWNTOWN FT. MYERS PROJECTFOR PUBLIC SPACES
  45. 45. Communities Today Offices Churches Hospital Theatres/Coffee MuseumsShops Community Parks Center Transit Libraries Schools City Hall
  46. 46. Communities of the Future Churches Schools City Hall Community CentersLibraries Civic Squares Community Gathering Theatres/ Museums Coffee Spaces/Parks Shops Offices Hospitals Transit
  47. 47. It has to be a CampaignDevelopa vision Attack Complacency Produce Become great short term wins Connect changecommunicators Organize a to the culture strong team of the Take on community Search for bigger impediments challenges People Who Make Dramatic Change By John Kotter
  48. 48. Five PlacemakingStrategies for the Library of the future1. Conceive of and program libraries as public spaces2. Programmatic diversification vs. capital intensive efforts3. Facilitate partnerships with community organizations, civic institutions, & the private sector4. Leverage other public sector resources5. Undertake cooperative resource planning
  49. 49. "Place Game" Evaluation Process  Break into teams and assign a leader  Go out to assigned public-space sites and use the Place Game form to evaluate, observe, and interview  Return here at the appointed time to discuss your findings with your team  Create a mini-presentation to report back to all workshop participants
  50. 50. Access & Linkages • Convenient • Walkable • Continuity • Proximity • Connected • Enticing
  51. 51. Uses & Activities • Fun/Vital • Active • Indigenous • Sustainable • Affordable
  52. 52. Red Hook, Brooklyn
  53. 53. Comfort & Image • Attractive • Inviting • Usable • Historic • “Green” • Friendly
  54. 54. Sociability • Welcoming • Interactive • Neighborliness • Pride • Diversity • Stewardship
  55. 55. Agenda10:00 –10:45 pm• Place Evaluation Exercise• Evaluation of selected site. Teams will be assigned a specific site to evaluate and brainstorm ideas for.10:45 –11:30 am• Team Work and Brainstorming Session• Small group discussions11:30 – 12:00 pm• Applicability and Replicability Discussion• Adjourn
  56. 56. Reflection Plaza
  57. 57. Reflection Plaza:Site 1
  58. 58. Reflection Plaza: Site 2
  59. 59. Reflection Plaza: Site 3
  60. 60. Reflection Plaza: Site 4
  61. 61. Heritage Plaza: Site 1
  62. 62. Heritage Plaza: Site 2
  63. 63. Heritage Plaza: Site 3
  64. 64. Heritage Plaza: Site 4
  65. 65. www.pps.org @CynthiaNikitin Cnikitin@pps.org

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