Open Education in Europe:
Trends and Developments

Robert Schuwer
Agenda
• Open101
• What is Open Education?
• What is happening around Europe?
• Opportunities for a European approach

Pag...
OPEN101

CC-BY Hester Jelgerhuis

Pagina 3
What are Open Educational Resources?

• Digital, freely available learning materials
• User has four rights
– Reuse: “as i...
Conditions: open licenses
• Creative Commons
CC Naamsvermelding
• Three most used:
CC Attribution (CC BY)
CC Attribution S...
Pagina 6
A MOOC
• Massive: a lot of participants (> Number of
Dunbar)
• Open: Free access
• Online: via the internet
• Course: Unit...
Types of MOOC’s

• cMOOC: Learner centered (Connectivist learning)
– The original
• xMOOC: Teacher centered
– Start of the...
Open: a lot of meanings

“classical” openness

– Open admission (no demands for participation)
– Open in pace (no limited ...
WHAT IS
OPEN EDUCATION?

Pagina 10 http://www.flickr.com/photos/johnspooner/2973385919/
What is education?
• More than just resources
• More than canned
lectures

Pagina 11

http://www.flickr.com/photos/ikkoski...
The 5COE model of Open Education
Mulder & Janssen

Educational resources
Learner
needs

Employability &
Capabilities Devel...
Institutional fingerprint of openness

0%

Degree of openness

100%
Learning resources
Services
Teaching efforts
Learner n...
Openness and Open Education supply
Learning resources
•Open in place
•Open in time
•Open in pace
•Open in program
•Open ad...
Open Educational Resources (OER) /
Open Courseware (OCW)
Learning resources
•Open in place
•Open in time
•Open in pace
•Op...
Massive Open Online Course (MOOC)
Learning resources
•Open in place
•Open in time
•Open in pace
•Open in program
•Open adm...
WHAT IS HAPPENING
AROUND EUROPE?

http://farm7.staticflickr.com/6199/6095764449_cf40f5aebb_o.jpg
Policies on OER in Europe: some examples

• Source: POERUP
– EU-funded Project
– Policies for OER Uptake
– http://poerup.r...
Netherlands

• Netherlands: Wikiwijs program (2008-2013)
– Aims at mainstreaming OER in all educational sectors
– Platform...
France

• Several regional initiatives
• No national policy
• National platform for MOOC’s announced (EdX)

Pagina 20

htt...
Germany

• National initiatives: primary, secondary and vocational
education
– Lehrer Online
http://www.lehrer-online.de/l...
Poland

• National policy: primary, secondary and vocational
education
– Create open textbooks
– 15 organisations involved...
United Kingdom

• National initiatives
– JISC/HEA OER program (2009-2012)
• Massive creation of OER for HE
• Focus on seve...
MOOC platforms in Europe (oktober 2013)

Futurelearn

OpenupEd
Iversity

Alison

Crypt4You

Pagina 24
Source: http://a.til...
OpenUpEd: pan European initiative on MOOC

• Initiated by EADTU
• Launched 25 April 2013
• Umbrella: EU-initiative Opening...
OpenUpEd: some stats

• Without much marketing efforts:
• Stats since April 25 to 30-09-2013
• 10.5 million hits (last 4 m...
OPPORTUNITIES FOR A
EUROPEAN APPROACH

CC-BY Hester Jelgerhuis
CC-BY Hester Jelgerhuis

Pagina 27
Opportunities

• Bologna agreement: European Credit Transfer System
– Recognition for MOOC-based learning elsewhere
• EU P...
OER: no regret for government

• Threefold responsibility for government regarding
education
– Accessible
– Quality
– Effi...
OER: iron triangle

Starting situation

Pagina 30

Source: Fred Mulder

Increased efficiency

OER situation
FINALLY

Ceterum censeo materia facta tributo oblatum esse gratuito

Pagina 31
http://www.flickr.com/photos/68751915@N05/ ...
Thank you!

www.robertschuwer.nl

Robert.Schuwer@ou.nl

@fagottissimo

linkedin.com/in/robertschuwer
Pagina 32
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Open education in Europe, trends and developments

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Keynote on conference Grundfragen Multimedialen Lehren und Lernens, 28-11-2013 Berlin

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  • openHPI: Social Platform for Interactive Online Courses in Information Technology
    Crypt4You: Courses on digital security (Spanish)
  • Open education in Europe, trends and developments

    1. 1. Open Education in Europe: Trends and Developments Robert Schuwer
    2. 2. Agenda • Open101 • What is Open Education? • What is happening around Europe? • Opportunities for a European approach Pagina 2
    3. 3. OPEN101 CC-BY Hester Jelgerhuis Pagina 3
    4. 4. What are Open Educational Resources? • Digital, freely available learning materials • User has four rights – Reuse: “as is” – Rework – Remix – Redistribute • Certain conditions Pagina 4 http://www.flickr.com/photos/jmarty/ Pagina 4
    5. 5. Conditions: open licenses • Creative Commons CC Naamsvermelding • Three most used: CC Attribution (CC BY) CC Attribution ShareAlike (CC BY-SA) CC Attribution ShareAlike NonCommercial (CC BY-NC-SA) Pagina 5 Pagina 5
    6. 6. Pagina 6
    7. 7. A MOOC • Massive: a lot of participants (> Number of Dunbar) • Open: Free access • Online: via the internet • Course: Unit of offering: course • A total learning experience Pagina 7
    8. 8. Types of MOOC’s • cMOOC: Learner centered (Connectivist learning) – The original • xMOOC: Teacher centered – Start of the hype in 2012 • Task-based MOOC: Learner centered – E.g. ds106.us (digital storytelling) • More types are developing Pagina 8
    9. 9. Open: a lot of meanings “classical” openness – Open admission (no demands for participation) – Open in pace (no limited period) – Open in place (everywhere) – Open in time (no fixed starting date; no cohort) – Open in program (complete curriculum or some courses) – Open for adaptation (freedom for reuse – remix – rework – redistribute) – Freely available (no costs) Pagina 9 (attribution Fred Mulder) “digital” openness
    10. 10. WHAT IS OPEN EDUCATION? Pagina 10 http://www.flickr.com/photos/johnspooner/2973385919/
    11. 11. What is education? • More than just resources • More than canned lectures Pagina 11 http://www.flickr.com/photos/ikkoskinen/309087067/
    12. 12. The 5COE model of Open Education Mulder & Janssen Educational resources Learner needs Employability & Capabilities Development Demand Open Education Services Supply Teaching efforts Pagina 12 Source: http://www.surf.nl/en/publicaties/Pages/TrendReportOER2013.aspx
    13. 13. Institutional fingerprint of openness 0% Degree of openness 100% Learning resources Services Teaching efforts Learner needs Empl. & Cap. Developm. Example of institutional profile (all learning resources as OER) Pagina 13
    14. 14. Openness and Open Education supply Learning resources •Open in place •Open in time •Open in pace •Open in program •Open admission •Freely available •Open for adaptation: •Reuse •Revise •Remix •Redistribute Open Education Not for free per se! Services Teaching effort
    15. 15. Open Educational Resources (OER) / Open Courseware (OCW) Learning resources •Open in place •Open in time •Open in pace •Open in program •Open admission •Freely available •Open for adaptation: •Reuse •Revise •Remix •Redistribute OER/ OCW Services Teaching effort
    16. 16. Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) Learning resources •Open in place •Open in time •Open in pace •Open in program •Open admission •Freely available •Open for adaptation: •Reuse •Revise •Remix •Redistribute MOOC •Forum •Feedback •Exam •Certificate •Teacher •Tutor Services Teaching effort
    17. 17. WHAT IS HAPPENING AROUND EUROPE? http://farm7.staticflickr.com/6199/6095764449_cf40f5aebb_o.jpg
    18. 18. Policies on OER in Europe: some examples • Source: POERUP – EU-funded Project – Policies for OER Uptake – http://poerup.referata.com/wiki/Countries • No national initiatives on other elements than OER found Pagina 18
    19. 19. Netherlands • Netherlands: Wikiwijs program (2008-2013) – Aims at mainstreaming OER in all educational sectors – Platform www.wikiwijs.nl • Minister of Education has announced a policy letter on open and online education Pagina 19
    20. 20. France • Several regional initiatives • No national policy • National platform for MOOC’s announced (EdX) Pagina 20 http://www.flickr.com/photos/robinellis/6034997759/sizes/o/ (CC BY-ND)
    21. 21. Germany • National initiatives: primary, secondary and vocational education – Lehrer Online http://www.lehrer-online.de/lehrer-online.php – Die Virtuelle Schule: http://www.virtuelle-schule.de/ • No national policy Pagina 21
    22. 22. Poland • National policy: primary, secondary and vocational education – Create open textbooks – 15 organisations involved Pagina 22 http://www.flickr.com/photos/polandmfa/7367963092/sizes/l/ (CC BY-ND)
    23. 23. United Kingdom • National initiatives – JISC/HEA OER program (2009-2012) • Massive creation of OER for HE • Focus on several fields (e.g. arts&media, bioscience, business,...) • Research on OER-related issues – SCORE (2009-2012) • Disseminare best practices – JorumOpen: national repository Pagina 23 http://www.flickr.com/photos/polandmfa/7367963092/sizes/l/ (CC BY-ND)
    24. 24. MOOC platforms in Europe (oktober 2013) Futurelearn OpenupEd Iversity Alison Crypt4You Pagina 24 Source: http://a.tiles.mapbox.com/v3/uvanianaidoo1.map-b815u9pe/page.html#3/16.05/5.10 OpenHPI
    25. 25. OpenUpEd: pan European initiative on MOOC • Initiated by EADTU • Launched 25 April 2013 • Umbrella: EU-initiative Opening Up Education • Platform for access to MOOC’s • Quality label (a.o. Openness to learners, Digital openness, Learner centered approach, Independent learning, Media-supported interaction, Recognition options) • Currently 174 courses from 11 partners Pagina 25
    26. 26. OpenUpEd: some stats • Without much marketing efforts: • Stats since April 25 to 30-09-2013 • 10.5 million hits (last 4 months stable at 1.2 million) • 125.000 unique visitors (30.000 April & May; since June 15.000) • 7.750 newsletter registrations • Most visits from Spain, Italy, Portugal, US • and another 35-40 countries with significant numbers of visits Pagina 26
    27. 27. OPPORTUNITIES FOR A EUROPEAN APPROACH CC-BY Hester Jelgerhuis CC-BY Hester Jelgerhuis Pagina 27
    28. 28. Opportunities • Bologna agreement: European Credit Transfer System – Recognition for MOOC-based learning elsewhere • EU Program Opening Up Education – Stimulus for joint development of open and online education • But how to capitalize on this? Pagina 28
    29. 29. OER: no regret for government • Threefold responsibility for government regarding education – Accessible – Quality – Efficiency • In a sustainable manner Pagina 29
    30. 30. OER: iron triangle Starting situation Pagina 30 Source: Fred Mulder Increased efficiency OER situation
    31. 31. FINALLY Ceterum censeo materia facta tributo oblatum esse gratuito Pagina 31 http://www.flickr.com/photos/68751915@N05/ CC BY-SA
    32. 32. Thank you! www.robertschuwer.nl Robert.Schuwer@ou.nl @fagottissimo linkedin.com/in/robertschuwer Pagina 32
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