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Getting started with Open Education


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Slides for the Open Education Week Action Lab "Getting started with Open Education" presented on March 7th 2016 in Delft

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Getting started with Open Education

  1. 1. 1 Getting Started with Open Education Unless otherwise indicated, this presentation is licensed CC-BY 4.0. Please attribute TU Delft Extension School / Willem van Valkenburg
  2. 2. 2 Willem van Valkenburg Production & Delivery Manager TU Delft Extension School Board member Open Education Consortium
  3. 3. 3 Open Education Consortium 30,000+ courses 280+ organizations 40 countries 29 languages
  4. 4. 4 W H O A R E YOU?
  5. 5. 5 Content • Introduction • Why Open Education? • What is Open Education? • What are Open Licenses? • What is TU Delft doing?
  6. 6. 6 Why Open Education?
  7. 7. 7 Kickoff video Open Education Week 2016 •
  8. 8. 8 Education Is Sharing The basics CC BY David Wiley
  9. 9. 9 Teachers Share With Students knowledge and skills feedback motivation CC BY David Wiley
  10. 10. 10 Students Share With Teachers questions assignments & assessments discussions CC BY David Wiley
  11. 11. 11 If There Is No Sharing there is no education CC BY David Wiley
  12. 12. 12 Education is a renewable resource It can enrich both those who receive it and those who give it It can be shared multiple times without being depleted New generations can build on it and increase its value CC BY David Wiley
  13. 13. 13 Knowledge is Magical Can be given without being given away CC BY David Wiley
  14. 14. 14 Physical Expression Are Not CC BY David Wiley
  15. 15. 15 CC-BY Alan Levine
  16. 16. 16 CC-BY-SA Luc Legay
  17. 17. 17 Both Knowledge and Expressions Can be given without being given away The first time in human history CC BY David Wiley
  18. 18. 18 Cost of “Copy” For one 250p book: • Copy by hand - $ 1,000 • Copy by print on demand - $ 4.50 • Copy by computer - $ 0.00084 For one 250p book: • Distribution by mail - $ 5.20 • Distributed by internet - $ 0.00072 Cost of “Distribute” Copy and Distribute are “Free” CC BY David Wiley
  19. 19. 19 What is Open Education?
  20. 20. 20 Assignment • In groups of 3 • How would you define Open Education? • You have 10 minutes
  21. 21. 21 CC-BY Alan Levine
  22. 22. 22 The 5Rs • Make and own a copyRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute CC-BY David Wiley:
  23. 23. 23 What is Open Education? Open Education encompasses resources, tools and practices that employ a framework of open sharing to improve educational access and effectiveness worldwide. Open Education combines the traditions of knowledge sharing and creation with 21st century technology to create a vast pool of openly shared educational resources while harnessing today’s collaborative spirit to develop educational approaches that are more responsive to learner’s needs.
  24. 24. 24 What is OpenCourseWare? • High quality educational materials organized as courses A course is package of educational materials starting a particular point in the knowledge spectrum, designed to lead to greater understanding of the issue or topic • Openly licensed for distribution, re-use and modification, available to all on the internet
  25. 25. 25 OCW part of the Open Movement Open Content Open Educational Resources OCW • OCW is only one type of Open Educational Resource (OER). • OERs are only one type of Open Content. • We have much to share with each other.
  26. 26. 26 OLN OEC 5-components model for Open Education Open Education (OE) OLS Open Learning Services OTE Open Teaching Efforts Open Educational Resources OER Open to Learners’ Needs Open to Employability and Capabilities development CC BY Fred Mulder in OER Trendrapport 2013:
  27. 27. 27MOOC poster by Mathieu Plourde licensed CC-BY: What is a MOOC?
  28. 28. 28 Basic ingredients of a MOOC Learning Unit 1 Learning Unit 2 Learning Unit 3 Learning Unit 4 Learning Unit 5 Learning Unit 6 Up to 10 weeks Learning Unit MOOC is divided into weeks. From 3 to 10 weeks 4 to 12 hours study time Clear learning goals, end-of unit assessment Learning Block 1 Learning Block 2 Learning Block 3 Each with a couple of self- contained learning blocks video quiz text quiz discuss CC-BY Willem van Valkenburg:
  29. 29. 29 Open Educational Practices Teaching and Learning Practices that are possible when you adopt OER but are impossible when you adopt traditionally copyrighted materials OER New pedagogical models OEP CC-BY Patricia Hogan, Breanne Carlson, and Christopher Kirk
  30. 30. 30 Examples? • Using a MOOC in a flipped classroom setup • Create a OpenTextBook together with your students • Let students do assignments with OER and share those with the world.
  31. 31. 31 What are Open Licenses?
  32. 32. 32 Poll Are you familiar with or have you used a Creative Commons (CC) license or CC content? A. I have never heard of CC licenses B. I know of CC licensing but have not used CC licensed materials C. I have used CC licensed materials D. I share my work and have also used CC licensed
  33. 33. 33 Copy and Distribute (and storage) are “Free”
  34. 34. 34 Except We Can’t © forbids copying, distributing, and editing © Cancels the possibilities of the digital media CC BY David Wiley
  35. 35.
  36. 36. 36 What is Creative Commons? • CC is a non-profit organization based in the US with more than 80 affiliates around the world. • CC develops, supports, and stewards legal and technical infrastructure that maximizes digital creativity, sharing, and innovation. CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  37. 37. 37 Creative Commons Licenses • The most successful project is the set of licenses based on copyright laws and inspired by the free software licenses. • Currently, there are 6 “standard” licenses, a license-waiver and a Public Domain Mark. • The last version of the licenses is 4.0. CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  38. 38. 38 A bit of copyright • Copyright is a time limited monopoly • Authors rights and related rights – Moral rights – Exploitation rights • Reproduction • Distribution • Public Display or Performance • Transformation CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  39. 39. 39 Six Creative Commons Licenses • A work licensed under any CC license can be – Reproduced – Distributed – public displayed or performed • without a commercial purpose • Depending on the license or under request, a work can be used broadly CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  40. 40. 40 Six Creative Commons Licenses • A user of a work licensed under any CC license must: – attribute authors and any part requested – maintain the license – ask for permission to use the work beyond uses granted by the license CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  41. 41. 41 Six Creative Commons Licenses Differences • Some licenses allow commercial uses • Some licenses allow derivative works • Some licenses require to license a derivative work under the same license than the original work or under a compatible license CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  42. 42. 42 Six Creative Commons Licenses CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  43. 43. 43 Before licensing • Who owns copyright? • All material is original? • What am I allowing? • Which license suits me? CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  44. 44. 44 Poll Who is the copyright owner of the educational content you make? A. Lecturer B. University C. Both lecturer & university D. Publisher
  45. 45. 45 Where to find licensed works? • CC Search Engine • Institutional or Subject-based repository • User generated content platforms • Public Sector portals • Educational repositories ( CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  46. 46. 46 What is TU Delft doing?
  47. 47. TU Delft’s mission “TU Delft is dedicated in making a significant contribution to finding responsible solutions to societal problems, at both a national and international level. Our mission is to deliver Science to Society. Open Science is an important way to spread our mission around the world.” Karel Luyben, Rector Magnificus 47
  48. 48. 48 Open Science Open Education Open ICT Open Research
  49. 49. 49 How open is Open Science? “Open if possible, closed if necessary”
  50. 50. Policy on Open Access Publishing @ TU Delft From the 1st of May 2016 the Green Road to Open Access publishing is mandatory for all (co)authors at TU Delft. The (co)author must upload at least the final, accepted author’s version with the required metadata into the TU Delft Institutional Repository. TU Delft Library will support in this process. 50
  51. 51. 51 “Open and online education allows people from around the world access to the top education of TU Delft. It enables everybody who wants to develop themselves and accommodates the increasing number of students seeking higher education. TU Delft is dedicated to deliver world class education to everyone.” Anka Mulder. Vice President Education TU Delft
  52. 52. 52 TU Delft Extension School “Educate the world & enhance quality of online & campus education”
  53. 53. 53 Educate the world & improve the quality of education Deliver High Quality Open & Online Education to the World Find (new) revenue models Offer a comprehensive portfolio of courses Deliver out- standing learning experiences Improve Education Improve campus education Conduct relevant research in the field of O2E Innovate in Education Improve the quality of online courses Grow Academic Output Attract talent to the University Improve reputation and visibility Start or join new learning & research networks
  54. 54. 54 Blended Education OpenCourseWare PRODUCTS MOOCs ProfEds Online Courses • Learning Activities & Course Materials • Free • Enrolled students only, massive numbers • Bachelor level • Certificate of Completion • Course Materials • Free • Big Exposure, Worldwide audience • Both Bachelor and Master level • No interaction with faculty • No accredited certificate • Learning Activities & Course Materials • Paid enrollment • Enrolled students only, limited numbers • Accredited Course Certificate • Full Master Degree • Learning Activities & Course Materials • Paid enrollment • Enrolled students only, moderate numbers • Course Certificate • Continuous Education Units
  55. 55. Product Range OpenCourse Ware Share our knowledge MOOC Educate the world Professional Education Career development course Professional Education Specialized professional course Online BSc/ Msc Courses Small-scale research- driven course Target Audience All – non specified All – non specified Life Long Learners Life Long Learners Lifelong learner and regular campus student Value Free Course Materials Accessible Applied in practice Applied in practice Default – Academic Rigor Entry Requirements No No No or expected prior knowledge (no assessment) No to some (potential assessment) Yes, always very strict (BSc) Timespan – Study Load Self-study 6 weeks 2 to 6 hours per week 4 to 5 weeks 4 hours per week Varies 2 to 10 weeks 4 hours per week 10 to 15 weeks (according to academic calendar) 8 hours Number of participants n/a >10.000 200 – 500 (more is possible) 10 - 200 10 – 50 Certificate no Non accredited (honor or ID verified) Non accredited (ID verified + CEUs) Non accredited (ID verified + CEUs) Accredited (EC) (can be transferred to CEUs) Pricing Free Free or 50 dollars 250 – 500 dollars Value based pricing 500+ euro’s. 250 euro per EC (currently)
  56. 56. 56 OpenCourseWare
  57. 57. 57 OpenCourseWare • Course Materials including recorded lectures • More than 170 courses online • Big Exposure, Worldwide audience • Both Bachelor and Master level (Dutch and English) • No interaction with faculty • No accredited certificate • Focus on use and re-use
  58. 58. 58 Use and Re-use of OCW • Choice of Study • Stumble Courses • Prepare International Students • Use in Developing Countries • Source of Reference • Extracurricular education Images CC-BY-NC-SA:
  59. 59. 59 MOOCs
  60. 60. 60 Why EdX? • Consortium of top universities • Focus on improving campus education • It is not-for-profit • It has a focus on Open • Focus on research of innovation in education
  61. 61. 61 What kind of MOOCs do we want? Image CC-BY TU Delft / Mark van Huystee
  62. 62. 62 Educational supply MOOC Components Slide CC BY TU Delft Extension School / Martijn Ouwehand Processes •Assignments •Exams •Certificate Contents •Lecture recordings •Lecture slides Actions •Design & deliver Educational process •Feedback, guidance TU Delft MOOC Elements Mere contents Useful & copy-able No teaching Effort Teacher authority, offering services Unique Selling Point TU Delft (based on Research & Reputation) Cannot be copied Process facilitating the learning process Useful & copy-able No Teaching effort needed Value, use Teaching Effort Educational Services Educational Resources Model derived from: Mulder, F. & Janssen, B. (2013). Opening up Education, in Trend Report: Open Educational Resources 2013. Published by the Open Educational Resources Special Interest Group. pp. 36-42
  63. 63. 64 Educate Reason to do a MOOC Prepare Students Claim the subject Reputation 21st century engineers Active network ResearchSharing knowledge
  65. 65. 66 MANY LEARNERS 812.447 enrolments
  66. 66. 67 Average Age: 29 MOOC students: life long learners
  68. 68. 69 MOOC Production CCBYGuusSchoonewille/FastFoto
  69. 69. 70 COURSE PRODUCTION • It is a team effort • It costs more time than expected • Don’t focus to much on the videos
  70. 70. 71 STUDIO OFFICE LECTURE HALL WEATHER MAN INTERVIEW TABLE DISCUSSION Animations Screen capture PAPER DRAWING Positions Demonstrations Locations
  71. 71. Video Formats Studio: Carbon Cycle: Kahn Style video: Smartboard: Feedback video: Challenge Water Rocket: Sofa Session: Cockpit:
  73. 73. 74 Pedagogical Model: Online Learning Experience “The purpose of the OLE radar graph is to rise reflection and critical thinking regarding online courses, not to judge”
  74. 74. Impact of Open Education: How a MOOC changed his life • Andersson Contreras • Student from Colombia who followed the MOOC Solar Energy “ After gaining all this knowledge, install my own PV system using mathematical tools provided for that purpose, and economic results of the system were very satisfactory. Now, I have a saving of over 50% of money, a continuous electric fluid and a contribution to the reduction of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere.”
  75. 75. 76 Arno Smets – Solar Energy Course • 30% more material than in the classical classroom • Pass rates up from 71% to 89% • Grades up from 6.51 to 7.09 (on a scale from 1 to 10) • 69% of students preferred flipped classroom Fotografie:MarcelKrijger IMPROVE QUALITY OF EDUCATION More info:
  76. 76. “I chose TU Delft because while doing the MOOCs, I could only imagine the level of expertise and facilities the universities has.” Abdulrasaq Gbadamosi First year student MSc Electrical Engineering TU Delft
  77. 77. 78 MOOCS FOR RESEARCH The potential of solar energy (given in kWh electricity cost x amount of sunshine hours). Light green is high potential (best markets), dark is less interesting, gray is no reliable data. The probability of blackouts of the electricity network Light color is little chance, black is more likely
  78. 78. 79 Open Education Practices
  79. 79. 80 OEP activities • Tomorrow workshop “Create your Open Course Design” • Blended programme of Extension School is focused on reuse of OER • Library is starting OpenTextBook project
  80. 80. 81 ASSIGNMENT Sketch or write what Open Education means to you
  81. 81. 82 ONLINE-LEARNING.TUDELFT.NL @wfvanvalkenburg