Micro-credentialing and (open) badges
Robert Schuwer 1
• Each student can create its own program
• This should be made visible on the final certificate
• Micro-credentialing and open badges seem appropriate
means to accomplish this
Micro-credential and (open) badges
(Witthaus et al, 2016)
< course Micro-credential
Or other organisations
Made visible with
Provides information for
Three important terms around badges
– The public declaration by a third party that a badge is in accordance with
their values, i.e. those that are most meaningful and useful to them
– Indication that the performance delivered by a person and displayed by a
badge has a value.
– Assigning value to an achievement made by a person and displayed by a
badge (e.g. by giving credits for it)
(Witthaus et al, 2016)
I am a student at FHICT. When I was in Highschool I have
finished a Massive Open Online Course on Cryptography
offered by Stanford University. I want this to be part of my
program at FHICT.
Stanford University declares my achievement is according
to what they consider sufficient. They make this visible by
assigning me a (digital) badge.
FHICT declares the badge I have earned is
valuable for my program:
• Level is sufficient
• Knowledge and skills gained fit within the
profile of a FHICT program
• Sufficient proof available that I have
accomplished the achievement
FHICT awards 3 ECTS credits for my accomplishment and
makes this visible with assigning me a FHICT badge
TUE: Example badges
(Van der Heijde & Scheel, 2018)
TEC4Society project: exploration
1. How can the value of micro-credentials be determined
and what role do badges play in this?
2. What consequences do these developments have on
forms of assessment leading to micro-credentials or on
the method of assessment for the recognition of micro-
• Pilot study SURF (Lennart de Graaf)
– Technical infrastructure
• Master thesis Pascal Dauphin
– Process of recognition and creditalisation should be Objective,
Verifiable, Reliable, Visible (Dauphin, 2020)
• Difficult for formal educational programmes to recognise
• How to trust reliability of endorsement by an unknown third party?
• A program teaches more than is necessary for a diploma. This
should be acknowledged and made visible
• Badges can increase visibility of recognition
• Difficult to make clear decisions on level and content
• Main challenge is creating an organizational “badge-structure”
Questions for FHICT
• Do we want to recognize endorsements made by unknown third
parties? If so, how?
– Objective, Verifiable, Reliable, Visible (Dauphin, 2020)
• What organizational “badge structure” is optimal?
– How to design badges?
– How to avoid a combinatorial explosion of badges?
– How to organize this as lean as possible?
• How to assure availability of badges for students lifelong?
• How to protect from tampering with evidence?
• A vision for FHICT on micro-credentialing and (open)
• Experiencing with assigning badges
– Each semester a badge
This presentation is adapted from a previous version with authors Desirée Joosten-ten Brinke and Robert Schuwer
• Boy Scout Badges. PD Junior Libby. https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/en/view-image.php?image=24768&picture=boy-scout-badges
• Cryptography. CC0 Tumbledore. https://pixabay.com/illustrations/cryptography-encryption-privacy-1091254/
• Seal of approval. CC0 OpenClipart-Vectors. https://pixabay.com/vectors/gold-seal-approved-button-approval-154893/
• Thumbs up. CC0 Clker-Free-Vector-Images. https://pixabay.com/vectors/thumbs-up-good-thumb-hand-gesture-31663/
• Open badges. http://www.badgealliance.org/why-badges/
• Thank you. CC0 RawPixel https://pixabay.com/nl/hout-schoolbord-houten-oude-3190203/
Dauphin, P. (2020). Laat zien wat je kan. MSc thesis Open Universiteit Heerlen.
Van der Heijde, J. & Scheel, L. (2018). Badges. Technische Universiteit Eindhoven. https://www.surf.nl/binaries/content/assets/surf/nl/2018/seminar-badges-
Witthaus, G., Inamorato dos Santos, A., Childs, M., Tannhäuser, A., Conole, G., Nkuyubwatsi, B., Punie, Y. (2016). Validation of Non-formal MOOC-based
Learning: An Analysis of Assessment and Recognition Practices in Europe (OpenCred). EUR 27660 EN; doi:10.2791/809371