Regional perspectives on the unique challenges for food security in Southeast Asia

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"Regional perspectives on the unique challenges for food security in Southeast Asia" presented by Suriyan Vichitlekarn, Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), at the ReSAKSS-Asia Conference, Nov 14-16, 2011, in Kathmandu, Nepal.

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Regional perspectives on the unique challenges for food security in Southeast Asia

  1. 1. Regional Perspectives on Unique Challenges for Food Security in ASEAN By Suriyan Vichitlekarn Asst. Director/Head Agriculture Industries and Natural Resources Division ASEAN Secretariat Technical Workshop & Conference: Knowledge, Tools and Lessons for Informing the Design and Implementation of Food Security Strategies in Asia 14-16 November 2011, Kathmandu, Nepal One Vision, One Identity, One Community
  2. 2. Background & Introduction  Food security – a long standing agenda both in ASEAN Community building and external ASEAN relations (ASEAN Plus)  Food security – a dynamic and cross-sectoral issue of which the context evolves through time.  Population growth and change of food consumption patterns  Food-Fuel-Financial crises  2007/08 & 2010/11 soaring food prices  Impacts of climate change, including extreme climate events i.e. floods and droughts, natural disasters, large-scale pest outbreaks  Irregular volatility of food commodity prices One Vision, One Identity, One Community 2
  3. 3. One Vision, One Identity, One Community 3 AIFS Framework and SPA-FS  The 14th ASEAN Summit, March 2009, Thailand  Pledged to embrace food security as high priority policy, and review ASEAN’s commitment to the objectives of World Food Summit and the MDGs.  Adopted the ASEAN Integrated Food Security (AIFS) Framework and Strategic Plan of Action on Food Security in ASEAN (SPA-FS) (2009- 2013).
  4. 4. One Vision, One Identity, One Community 4 AIFS Framework and SPA-FS  “Food security” exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. (World Food Summit, 1996)
  5. 5. One Vision, One Identity, One Community 5 AIFS Framework and SPA-FS Goal: To ensure long-term food security and to improve the livelihoods of farmers in the ASEAN region. ASEAN Integrated Food Security (AIFS) Component 1: Food Security Emergency/Shortage Relief Strategic Thrust 1: Strengthen Food Security Arrangements Component 3: Integrated Food Security Information System Strategic Thrust 3: Strengthen Integrated Food Security Information Systems Component 4: Agri-Innovation Strategic Thrusts 4: Promote Sustainable Food Production Strategic Thrusts 5: Encourage Greater Investment in Food and Agro-based Industry Strategic Thrusts 6: Identify and Address Emerging Issues (i.e. Bio-energy, impacts of Climate Change) Related to Food Security Component 2: Sustainable Food Trade Development Strategic Thrust 2: Promote Conducive Food Market and Trade
  6. 6. One Vision, One Identity, One Community 6 AIFS Framework and SPA-FS  Implementation, coordination and monitoring  ASEAN Ministers on Agriculture and Forestry (AMAF) in coordination with other relevant ASEAN Sectoral Bodies  Consultations with stakeholders (i.e. private sector, civil society) at regional and national levels to obtain relevant inputs and cooperation and promote greater ownership  Partnership and cooperation with dialogue partners, international organizations and donor agencies (i.e. ADB, FAO, IFAD, IRRI, World Bank, USAID, EU)
  7. 7. Regional Perspectives & Challenges  ASEAN – a food surplus region but with seasonal and spatial food security in certain countries/areas  Food security and ASEAN Community building – a complementary approach  AIFS Framework and SPA-FS – a regional platform for coordination and cooperation  National, sub-national, regional and greater ASEAN levels (inter-regional???)  Inter-sectoral – poverty alleviation, trade & investment  Need for a strong coordinating agency One Vision, One Identity, One Community 7
  8. 8. Regional Perspectives & Challenges  Food security governance  Effective knowledge sharing platform and capacity building  PPP dialogue is a process of driving the policy evolution and translating policy into concerted actions by relevant stakeholders.  Agricultural investment - growing opportunity and concerns i.e. contract farming, land grabbing, etc.  Nutritional aspects??? One Vision, One Identity, One Community 8
  9. 9. Thank you One Vision, One Identity, One Community 9 Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. (World Food Summit, 1996 and adopted by AIFS Framework, 2009)
  10. 10. One Vision, One Identity, One Community 10 Key ASEAN Initiatives Strengthen Food Security Arrangements  Strengthening national food security policy and initiatives and refraining from any market distortions that may affect food trade  Formalised a permanent regional rice reserve scheme - the ASEAN Plus Three Emergency Rice Reserve (APTERR) - in response to disaster situations, humanitarian assistance and poverty alleviation in order to build confidence in encountering food shortage.
  11. 11. One Vision, One Identity, One Community 11 Key ASEAN Initiatives Promote Conducive Food Market and Trade  Policy Reforms, Private Investment in Food Supply Chains and Cross-Border Trade Facilitation”  Establishing agricultural product standard and certification procedures  Strengthening whole value chain systems  Encouraging greater private sector participation in food import and distribution programs  Promoting sustainable contract farming and post-harvest loss reduction  Promoting development of commodity/futures exchanges
  12. 12. One Vision, One Identity, One Community 12 Key ASEAN Initiatives Promote Conducive Food Market and Trade  ASEAN Rice Trade Forum  To be initiated in 2012  Extreme rice price volatility & lack of policy coordination  Information/Communication/Dialogues  Strengthen sustainable regional market information services  Private Sector in Food Security  Promoting PPP in food security and dialogues with ASEAN policy-makers
  13. 13. One Vision, One Identity, One Community 13 Key ASEAN Initiatives Strengthen Integrated Food Security Information Systems  ASEAN Food Security Information System (AFSIS)  Databases and half-yearly Agricultural Commodity Outlooks (ACOs) on rice, maize, sugar, soyabean, cassava  ACOs  Supply, demand, forecast, self-sufficiency ratio, food security ratio, crop calendar/ planting seasons, areas of yield losses by damage types  Food security analysis and forecast (by major food commodities)  G-20 – Agricultural Marketing Information System (AMIS)
  14. 14. One Vision, One Identity, One Community 14 Key ASEAN Initiatives Promote Sustainable Food Production  On-going activities  Efficient utilization of resource potential for agricultural development  PPP to promote efficient and sustainable food production, food consumption, post-harvest practices & loss reduction  Implementation of GAPs  Improving agricultural productivity  Strengthening regional networks for R&D, technology transfers and farmers organisations/cooperatives
  15. 15. One Vision, One Identity, One Community 15 Key ASEAN Initiatives Encourage Greater Investment in Food and Agro- based Industry  Strengthening greater investment by the public and private sectors in food and agro-based industry  Planned agricultural investment study  Joint agriculture-investment sector consultation  PPP  Promoting ASEAN-Dialogue Partners investment cooperation on food security
  16. 16. One Vision, One Identity, One Community 16 Key ASEAN Initiatives Identify and Address Emerging Issues Related to Food Security  Food security and climate change  ASEAN Multi- Sectoral Framework on Climate Change: Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry towards Food Security (AFCC)  Food security and bioenergy development  ASEAN Plus Three Comprehensive Strategy on Food Security and Bioenergy Development

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