National Food Security Strategy
Operationalizing the 7-Point Action Plan:
Presenter:Clemens Breisinger
The 7-Point Action ...
7-Point Action Plan:
National-levelfood security
2
2. Improve the business climate to foster pro-food secure private
inves...
7-Point Action Plan (contd.):
Household-levelfood security
3
1. Leverage the petroleum subsidy reform to promote food
secu...
How to operationalize the Plan?
Policies, investments and campaigns
National food security
(Availability)
Macroeconomy Key...
Speeding-up policy reform is essential:
• Restructuring social security from subsidies to direct,
targeted transfers
– Exp...
What about public investments?
• Broad investment areas from NFSS
• Overview of public spending allocation budget
structur...
Broad investment areas in the NFSS
• Agriculture (based on National Agricultural
Strategy)
• Health and nutrition (based N...
Investments in agriculture
• Productivity of cereals and pro-poor cash crops
• Water-saving technology for better water us...
Investments in health and nutrition
• Family planning
• Upgrading of existing health centers, including
medication, equipm...
Investments in trade and transport
• Efficiency of supply chains and reduced post-
harvest losses
• Infrastructure for bet...
Investments in water
• Improved access to clean drinking water for
rural and urban households
• Strengthen capacity for an...
Investment in targeted transfers and awareness
campaigns
• Expansionof targeted and conditional cash
transfers
• Promote a...
How much funding is needed to achieve the food
security strategy’s objectives?
• Objectives of NFSS:
– Make 90 percent of ...
Public spending overview
Public investments made up only about 10 percent of GDP in 2012,
compared to 24 percent for energ...
Public investment overview by sector
Agriculture and health & education make up about 11 percent of
capital spending
Sourc...
How to allocate additional investments by sector?
Example of growth acceleration from JSEA
Source: World Bank, EU, UN, IsD...
How to allocate investments by governorate?
There seems to be no relation between public spending allocation and
food inse...
Example of comprehensive food security investment project
(1)
Basic infrastructure Costs (US$)
Agriculture
Irrigation prog...
Basic infrastructure Costs ( (US$)
Health center 180,000
Rural hospital 860,000
Governorate hospital 3,225,000
Referral ho...
Spatial monitoring and evaluation system
Access to water % Sanitation facilities %
(water <= 40% and
sanitation <= 44%)
Nu...
Next steps
• How much additional funding for food security is
requires to achieve the NFSS objectives?
• How to allocate t...
Yemen National Food Security Strategy 7 Point Action Plan
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Yemen National Food Security Strategy 7 Point Action Plan

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The 7-Point Action Plan was jointly developed by the Ministries of Planning and International Cooperation; Finance; Trade; Public Health and Population, Agriculture and Irrigation, Water and Environment; Fish Wealth, as well as the Social Welfare Fund, the Social Fund for Development, the Central Statistics Organization, and the International Food Policy Research Institute.

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Yemen National Food Security Strategy 7 Point Action Plan

  1. 1. National Food Security Strategy Operationalizing the 7-Point Action Plan: Presenter:Clemens Breisinger The 7-Point Action Plan was jointly developed by the Ministries of Planning and InternationalCooperation; Finance; Trade; Public Health and Population,Agriculture and Irrigation,Water and Environment; Fish Wealth, as well as the Social Welfare Fund, the Social Fund for Development, the Central StatisticsOrganization, andthe InternationalFood Policy Research Institute. MOPIC and IFPRIgratefully acknowledge support from the European Union, the Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit, and the World Bank.
  2. 2. 7-Point Action Plan: National-levelfood security 2 2. Improve the business climate to foster pro-food secure private investments in promising sectors  It’s jobs, jobs, jobs for the poor 3. Combine qat reduction policies with support for non-qat agricultural development  Agricultural transformation 4. Improve risk management and enforce competition among cereal importers and consider physical grain storage for emergencies  Food trade revolution 5. Implement the water sector strategy decisively  Water, water, water
  3. 3. 7-Point Action Plan (contd.): Household-levelfood security 3 1. Leverage the petroleum subsidy reform to promote food security through direct transfers and investments  Smart transfers 6. Better target public investment to the food insecure and improve service provision, especially in rural areas  Restructure public spending and services 7. Launch high-level awareness campaigns for family planning, healthy nutrition, women’s empowerment and qat  Women empowerment and awareness campaigns
  4. 4. How to operationalize the Plan? Policies, investments and campaigns National food security (Availability) Macroeconomy Key sectors Governance Food imports/foreign exchange earnings Human capacity and productivity Stability, jobs and services Household food security (Access and utilization) Income Food Services Calorie deficiency Child stunting Policiesand interventions Crisesandshocks(Stability) Source: Yemen National Food Security Strategy, simplified version)
  5. 5. Speeding-up policy reform is essential: • Restructuring social security from subsidies to direct, targeted transfers – Expected impact is: lower poverty and budget savings • Improve the business climate, especially through access to credit, protection of investors, and transparent tax regime – Expected impact is: higher private investments that create jobs • Consider a consumption tax on qat – Expected impact is: reduction in qat consumption • Laws and regulations for improving the competitiveness of cereal markets – Expected impact is: lower food prices • Strengthen institutions – Expected impact is: more efficient and effective service provision
  6. 6. What about public investments? • Broad investment areas from NFSS • Overview of public spending allocation budget structure • Example of resource allocationfor growth acceleration (based on Joint Social and Economic Assessment)
  7. 7. Broad investment areas in the NFSS • Agriculture (based on National Agricultural Strategy) • Health and nutrition (based NationalNutrition Strategy) • Transport and trade • Water (based on National Water Strategy) • Targeted transfers and awareness campaigns
  8. 8. Investments in agriculture • Productivity of cereals and pro-poor cash crops • Water-saving technology for better water use efficiency (“more crop per drop”) • Promotion of alternative crops to qat, for example coffee and cereals • Renewal of agricultural research and extension • Land and water management
  9. 9. Investments in health and nutrition • Family planning • Upgrading of existing health centers, including medication, equipment and educationof health center personnel • Programs for – breastfeeding education – nutrition education – hygiene awareness, – birth aftercare and child growth
  10. 10. Investments in trade and transport • Efficiency of supply chains and reduced post- harvest losses • Infrastructure for better processing and marketing opportunities of private sector • Strategic grain reserves of around 300MT, but effective governance will be critical for success • Rural roads using cash for work programs for the poor • Access to credit for poor rural women
  11. 11. Investments in water • Improved access to clean drinking water for rural and urban households • Strengthen capacity for and implementation of integrated water resources management, including groundwatermonitoring and control and water quality improvement
  12. 12. Investment in targeted transfers and awareness campaigns • Expansionof targeted and conditional cash transfers • Promote awareness campaigns, especially for: – family planning – qat consumption – breastfeeding practices – healthy nutrition, and – women’s empowerment.
  13. 13. How much funding is needed to achieve the food security strategy’s objectives? • Objectives of NFSS: – Make 90 percent of the population food secure by 2020 – Reduce chronic malnutrition (stunting) among children by at least 10 percentage points by 2020 • Investments will be needed in all priority sectors
  14. 14. Public spending overview Public investments made up only about 10 percent of GDP in 2012, compared to 24 percent for energy subsidies Source: IMF 2013, Article IV consultation
  15. 15. Public investment overview by sector Agriculture and health & education make up about 11 percent of capital spending Source: Own representation based on MOPIC 2012
  16. 16. How to allocate additional investments by sector? Example of growth acceleration from JSEA Source: World Bank, EU, UN, IsDB 2012: Joint Social and Economic Assessment
  17. 17. How to allocate investments by governorate? There seems to be no relation between public spending allocation and food insecurity rates Source: Yemen National Food Security Strategy, simplified version)
  18. 18. Example of comprehensive food security investment project (1) Basic infrastructure Costs (US$) Agriculture Irrigation program1 Water-harvesting reservoir (including open cisterns, closed tanks, spring protection works, fencing, protection walls, sedimentation basins, conveyance canals, water-drawing pipes), average cost per unit 33,700 Trade and transportation Road network1 Asphalt main road, per km 70,100 Feeder unpaved road, per km 37,800 Health and education Water and sanitation Nonmechanized community spring water system, per capita1 50 Piped drinking water connection in the house through drinking water network, per capita2 6 Piped sewage water connection in the house through sewage network, per capita2 19 Combined drinking water and sewage water connection in the house through networks (full coverage, gradual) , per capita2 21.5 Electricity1 Community electricity program with generator, per capita 37 Health facilities3 Construction (new), per unit Health unit 40,000 Sources: (1) Alcaraz et al. 2010 based on IFAD 2010, specific for Yemen; (2) Hutton and Bartram 2008, for selected Middle Eastern and North African countries; (3) Compernolle 2005, specific for Yemen; (4) Ogawa 2004, specific for Yemen. Note: Costs are reported as estimated for the year of the study.
  19. 19. Basic infrastructure Costs ( (US$) Health center 180,000 Rural hospital 860,000 Governorate hospital 3,225,000 Referral hospital 4,000,000 Upgrade and equipping, per unit Health unit 27,000 Health center 77,000 Rural hospital 450,000 Governorate hospital 900,000 Referral hospital 2,500,00 Maintenance (annual), per unit Health unit 3,350 Health center 12,850 Rural hospital 65,500 Governorate hospital 330,000 Referral hospital 464,000 School4 Construction of classroom, per unit 16,000 Example of comprehensive food security investment project (2) Sources: (1) Alcaraz et al. 2010 based on IFAD 2010, specific for Yemen; (2) Hutton and Bartram 2008, for selected Middle Eastern and North African countries; (3) Compernolle 2005, specific for Yemen; (4) Ogawa 2004, specific for Yemen. Note: Costs are reported as estimated for the year of the study.
  20. 20. Spatial monitoring and evaluation system Access to water % Sanitation facilities % (water <= 40% and sanitation <= 44%) Number of food insecure >= 50,000 Accessibility Access to local markets Access to health facilities Sources: (1) Alcaraz et al. 2010 based on IFAD 2010, specific for Yemen; (2) Hutton and Bartram 2008, for selected Middle Eastern and North African countries; (3) Compernolle 2005, specific for Yemen; (4) Ogawa 2004, specific for Yemen. Note: Costs are reported as estimated for the year of the study.
  21. 21. Next steps • How much additional funding for food security is requires to achieve the NFSS objectives? • How to allocate those resources – Across sectors? – Across governorates/districts? – Over time from 2014-2020? • How to monitor and evaluate progress? • How to foster awareness and information campaigns? • Close coordination and cross-sector collaboration will be critical for success!

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