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Impacting at Scale: From .5% to + 40%

Impacting at Scale: From .5% to + 40% by Grahame Dixie, Executive Director, Grow Asia.
Presented at the ReSAKSS-Asia - MIID conference "Evolving Agrifood Systems in Asia: Achieving food and nutrition security by 2030" on Oct 30-31, 2019 in Yangon, Myanmar.

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Impacting at Scale: From .5% to + 40%

  1. 1. Impacting at Scale: ½% to 40% Grahame Dixie, Executive Director
  2. 2. The Grow Asia Network: Linked Globally Myanmar Agriculture Network 121 Partners 13 Working Groups Cambodia Partnership for Sustainable Agriculture 28 Partners 5 Working Groups Partnership for Sustainable Agriculture in Vietnam 76 Partners 7 Working Groups Philippines Partnership for Sustainable Agriculture 60 Partners 7 Working Groups Partnership for Indonesia’s Sustainable Agriculture 79 Partners 12 Working Groups 480+ Partners 1,340,000+ Farmers Reached 44 Working Groups 37 Value Chains 16 In-Country Staff World Economic Forum / New Vision for Agriculture (Switzerland) Grow PNG Based in Lae, Est. May 1st 2019
  3. 3. The Network’s Measure Progress & Future Impact 472,534 523,436 690,710 1,341,248 159,772 417,993 778,035 2015 2016 2017 2018 Reached (awareness raised through demo plots, government extension services, farmer trainers, field staff outreach) Participating (engaged directly in Working Group activities) Number of Smallholders Reached and Participating
  4. 4. Vietnam Coffee Sector – Pilot to National Platform to large Local Implementation 2010 2013 2015 2016-17 2019 Formation of PSAV PPP Coffee TF formed VCCB established Developed Tested GAP Provincial Steering Committee Policy Dialogue: Development & Enforcement: Landscape apparoach, National Action Plans, Adoption of GAP as NSC, Alignment with WB project, VAT changes, Agro chemical usage refined District Coordination Scaling up demonstration plots Huge expansion in scale thru farmer training
  5. 5. Governance Structure of Vietnam Coffee Sector PSAV PPP Coffee TF formed VCCB Agrochemical TF 3 District Coordination Units Production Sub- Committee Processing & Trade Sub- Committee Sustainability & Policy Sub- Committee Chair: Vice Minister, Vice Chair & Secretariat : Policy Think Tank , MARD/DCP Provincial Area Commitee Sustainable GAP Improving Pesticide use Delivery & Coordination of field delivery GAP VAT change Policy development & enforcement, Learning, Landscape + Value Chain Field level feedback loops to refine policy Field level feedback loops to refine policy
  6. 6. 220,000 Farmer Trained in Sustainable GAP, of which 2/3 have adopted the practices 220,000
  7. 7. Preliminary calculations of economic benefits per year of coffee project for Vietnam’s farmers. Farmers Engaged 220,000 @ 50%* adoption = 110,000 (approx.) Coffee area / farmer typically 1.3 to 3 ha each = 1.3 Ha (low av.) No Assumption on yield change (existing yields difficult to improve) Cost savings / ha at 13% of input costs $ 283 = $ 270 / ha ( conserative) 110,000 farms x 1.3/ha x US$ 275/ha = $ 40,000,000 pa * Weighted av @ 69%
  8. 8. Summary of Benefits delivered by the VCCB: Farmer Incomes, GHG emissions, Policy development and improved co-operation in the national value chain  over 150,000 farmers adopted in GAP and Sustainable Practises,  The revised production have lowered costs, GHG and lifted yields. Farmer benefits at some $ 75 MN/year  The change in VAT collection saved exporters some $ 175 MN p.a. in cashflow  Dramatic drop in the use of band pesticides by farmers – from 15.8% to 0.5% - pilot training  VCCB created a national Coffee community, shared learnings, policy development & action.  Process enables strategy, policy & activities to be refined and improved in the light of feedback from producers
  9. 9.  Training & demonstration plots with GHG reduction alone do not necessarily lead to adoption of new techniques, cost savings more important  Ground level implementation only happened at scale when local level PPP Coordination units were in place,  Top down processes, without being complimented by bottom-up feedback loops, are in danger of not addressing the real issues that farmers are facing on the ground  Individual projects will not, in themselves, achieve scale. They are useful for piloting and proving effectiveness and creditability. Scale is dependent on creating a wider network of multi-stakeholder partners Mistakes to avoid
  10. 10.  The process takes time: 4 years pilots & demos, 3 years since the start of scale trainings  Multiple Partners involved: Initial Task Force 23 - 5 were key. VCCB membership 15,  Field results scaled through the impact of local Area action committees; mirroring the Public-Private-Producer representation of VCCB,  PPP Dialogue platform has multiple positive spill over effects: bottom up- feedback loops, community of practice, informed research, learning agenda, & public spending choices  Major policy change possible : through joint voices of 3 private-public-producers, plus credibility through field results  Government is a vital part of the solution: GoV played key role in convening sector/VCCB. Learning to work with Private sector companies Core Lessons
  11. 11. Grahame Dixie Executive Director Thank You