Intellectual Transformations
Intellectual Transformations Christendom Middle Ages (Dark Ages)      Depopulation    ◦ Social Change    ◦ Lack of empha...
Renaissance… The best of times/ the worst of times   “…as if on a given signal, splendid    talents are stirring.” 1517 ...
Renaissance (1300 – 1600)   “Rebirth”   Italy   Revival of interest in ancient arts    ◦ Rome    ◦ Greece
Renaissance Art   Leonardo Da Vinci
Renaissance Art   Michelangelo
Renaissance Art   Raphael
Renaissance Art   Donatello
Renaissance Literature   Shakespeare    ◦   Romeo and Juliet    ◦   Hamlet    ◦   King Lear    ◦   Othello
Renaissance Literature   Cervantes    ◦ Don Quixote
Renaissance Literature   Machiavelli    ◦ The Prince
Renaissance (1300 – 1600)   Humanism   Secularism   Impact of printing    ◦ Johannes Gutenburg                         ...
Protestant Reformation Martin Luther Indulgences Ninety - five Thesis    ◦ Wittenburg    ◦ 1517 Salvation by Faith Alo...
Protestant Reformation   John Calvin    ◦ Predestination    ◦ Hard work   Catholic Reformation    ◦ Counter – Reformation
Reform in England Henry VIII Catherine of Aragon Anne Boleyn    ◦ YouTube Anglican Church Act of Supremacy, 1534 Edw...
Reformation in France Huguenots Henry of Navarre Edict of Nantes Thirty Years War 1618 – 1648 Treaty of Westphalia   ...
Results of the Reformation Increased literacy Rise of capitalism Religious division End of Catholic church’s monolithi...
Rise of Modern States   Decline of Church   Secular character of society   Rise of nationalism   Absolutism    ◦ Propa...
France: The Model ofAbsolutism Divine Right Marie de’ Medici Louis XIII Cardinal Richelieu Louis XIV    ◦ Versailles...
England: ConstitutionalMonarchy   Magna Carta   The Tudors   Parliament   The Stuarts    ◦ James I    ◦ Charles I   C...
The Scientific Revolution   Ptolemy    ◦ Geocentric Theory   Copernicus    ◦ On the Revolutions of the Heavenly      Sph...
The Enlightenment Philosophes Voltaire    ◦ Candide   John Locke    ◦ Second Treatise on Civil Government   Baron de M...
Intellectual Transformations
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Intellectual Transformations

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Intellectual Transformations

  1. 1. Intellectual Transformations
  2. 2. Intellectual Transformations Christendom Middle Ages (Dark Ages) Depopulation ◦ Social Change ◦ Lack of emphasis on cultural achievements
  3. 3. Renaissance… The best of times/ the worst of times “…as if on a given signal, splendid talents are stirring.” 1517 “This is the worst age of history.” 1536 Erasmus – Humanist Scholar
  4. 4. Renaissance (1300 – 1600) “Rebirth” Italy Revival of interest in ancient arts ◦ Rome ◦ Greece
  5. 5. Renaissance Art Leonardo Da Vinci
  6. 6. Renaissance Art Michelangelo
  7. 7. Renaissance Art Raphael
  8. 8. Renaissance Art Donatello
  9. 9. Renaissance Literature Shakespeare ◦ Romeo and Juliet ◦ Hamlet ◦ King Lear ◦ Othello
  10. 10. Renaissance Literature Cervantes ◦ Don Quixote
  11. 11. Renaissance Literature Machiavelli ◦ The Prince
  12. 12. Renaissance (1300 – 1600) Humanism Secularism Impact of printing ◦ Johannes Gutenburg Gutenburg and his press
  13. 13. Protestant Reformation Martin Luther Indulgences Ninety - five Thesis ◦ Wittenburg ◦ 1517 Salvation by Faith Alone “Priesthood of all believers.” Edict of Worms Peace of Augsburg
  14. 14. Protestant Reformation John Calvin ◦ Predestination ◦ Hard work Catholic Reformation ◦ Counter – Reformation
  15. 15. Reform in England Henry VIII Catherine of Aragon Anne Boleyn ◦ YouTube Anglican Church Act of Supremacy, 1534 Edward VI Bloody Mary Elizabeth I
  16. 16. Reformation in France Huguenots Henry of Navarre Edict of Nantes Thirty Years War 1618 – 1648 Treaty of Westphalia Henry of Navarre
  17. 17. Results of the Reformation Increased literacy Rise of capitalism Religious division End of Catholic church’s monolithic power Warfare Religious intolerance State centralization and secularization
  18. 18. Rise of Modern States Decline of Church Secular character of society Rise of nationalism Absolutism ◦ Propaganda ◦ Divine Right of Kings Theory
  19. 19. France: The Model ofAbsolutism Divine Right Marie de’ Medici Louis XIII Cardinal Richelieu Louis XIV ◦ Versailles Cardinal Mazarin ◦ The Fronde
  20. 20. England: ConstitutionalMonarchy Magna Carta The Tudors Parliament The Stuarts ◦ James I ◦ Charles I Civil War ◦ Oliver Cromwell The Restoration ◦ Charles II ◦ James II Glorious Revolution ◦ William and Mary of Orange
  21. 21. The Scientific Revolution Ptolemy ◦ Geocentric Theory Copernicus ◦ On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres Heliocentric Theory Johaness Kepler ◦ On the Motion of Mars Galileo Sir Isaac Newton
  22. 22. The Enlightenment Philosophes Voltaire ◦ Candide John Locke ◦ Second Treatise on Civil Government Baron de Montesquieu Diderot Adam Smith ◦ Wealth of Nations ◦ Laissez – faire

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