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Formation of
Western Europe
    Chapter 14
• Copy the summary paragraph
 FROM the end of your 14.1 Cornell
 notes TO the back of your Final
 Exam Corrections.

• You...
.1 Church Reform &
     Crusades
The Age of Faith, 900-1500


Problems in the church?


Papal curia, tithe?


New religious orders?
Describe a gothic cathedral
Describe a gothic cathedral
Chartres Cathedral
Chartres Cathedral
Chartres Cathedral
Chartres Cathedral
Chartres Cathedral
Crusades, 1096-1204

1071, Holy Land conquered by Seljuk Turks

1095, Pope Urban II calls for a crusade

1096, First Crusa...
Results of the Crusades:


• Stimulated trade and towns


• Strengthened kings and central power


• Weakened the Church

...
.2 Changes in
Medieval Society
Identify key advances in agriculture, learning, and trade
Historical Inquiry Model

1. Question

2. Gather information

3. Analyze

4. Write thesis

5. Present

6. Reflect
Question
What changes in Europe laid the foundations for the
Renaissance?
Gather information
Review 14.2 notes and textboo...
.3 England & France
Be able to analyze how democratic traditions took shape
in England and France.


     describe the various invaders who co...
Key Names & Terms
William the Conqueror   Philip II

Henry II                Estates-General

common law              1066...
.4 100 Years War &
      Plague
Describe the Black Death and the Hundred Years War and
the effects they had on Europe.


    identify the problems faced b...
Key Names & Terms
Avignon              Joan of Arc

Great Schism         Crecy, Poitiers, and
                     Agincou...
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14 Formation Of Western Europe

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14 Formation Of Western Europe

  1. 1. Formation of Western Europe Chapter 14
  2. 2. • Copy the summary paragraph FROM the end of your 14.1 Cornell notes TO the back of your Final Exam Corrections. • You have 60-seconds ...
  3. 3. .1 Church Reform & Crusades
  4. 4. The Age of Faith, 900-1500 Problems in the church? Papal curia, tithe? New religious orders?
  5. 5. Describe a gothic cathedral
  6. 6. Describe a gothic cathedral
  7. 7. Chartres Cathedral
  8. 8. Chartres Cathedral
  9. 9. Chartres Cathedral
  10. 10. Chartres Cathedral
  11. 11. Chartres Cathedral
  12. 12. Crusades, 1096-1204 1071, Holy Land conquered by Seljuk Turks 1095, Pope Urban II calls for a crusade 1096, First Crusade; conquers Jerusalm in 1099 1146, Second Crusade fails; Byzantium fails to capture Damascus 1187,Third Crusade, quot;Crusades of Kingsquot;: Frederick Barbarossa of Germany, Philip Augustus of France, Richard I, the Lion-hearted of England recapture Acre; ends in truce between Richard and Saladin Yusuf Ibn Ayyub, leader of the Seljuk Turks, granting right of pilgrims to enter Jerusalem for pilgrimages. 1198, Fourth Crusade, “the Trader Crusade”: plunders Byzantine Empire in 1204 1212, “Children’s Crusade” 1400s, Reconquista
  13. 13. Results of the Crusades: • Stimulated trade and towns • Strengthened kings and central power • Weakened the Church • Weakened serfdom • Encouraged learning
  14. 14. .2 Changes in Medieval Society
  15. 15. Identify key advances in agriculture, learning, and trade
  16. 16. Historical Inquiry Model 1. Question 2. Gather information 3. Analyze 4. Write thesis 5. Present 6. Reflect
  17. 17. Question What changes in Europe laid the foundations for the Renaissance? Gather information Review 14.2 notes and textbook Analyze Organize/ color-code findings and ideas into types of changes, such as economic, cultural, religious, political, technological. Write thesis Answer the question in one sentence! Present Be prepared to present to the class. Reflect Refine your thesis based on what you think after hearing others’ thesis statements.
  18. 18. .3 England & France
  19. 19. Be able to analyze how democratic traditions took shape in England and France. describe the various invaders who contributed to English culture explain how England’s government took the first steps toward democracy describe the Capetian dynasty in France
  20. 20. Key Names & Terms William the Conqueror Philip II Henry II Estates-General common law 1066, Battle of Hastings Magna Carta Eleanor of Aquitaine parliament King John Hugh Capet
  21. 21. .4 100 Years War & Plague
  22. 22. Describe the Black Death and the Hundred Years War and the effects they had on Europe. identify the problems faced by the church in the 1300s and 1400s describe the bubonic plague and its effects on Europe Explain the Hundred Years’ War and its impact
  23. 23. Key Names & Terms Avignon Joan of Arc Great Schism Crecy, Poitiers, and Agincourt John Wycliffe “twin pillars of the medieval world” Jan Hus bubonic plague Hundred Years’ War

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