Some historians are now crediting
diseases such as the Bubonic Plague with
being one of the major driving factors in
human history; they say it has been as
important a factor as geography or war.
Question: How can disease profoundly affect the history of a
• You should use the Bubonic Plague as an example.
Therefore, you should explain how the Bubonic Plague
affected the world in the 14th century.
• You should also use an example of a different disease that
has affected the world in the past 100 years, such as
smallpox, the Spanish Flu, Malaria, AIDS, Cholera, or
• Your essay should follow the standards of mechanics,
usage, and grammar.
• You must use three or more quality sources outside of the
textbook. Two of those must be physical, print sources.
• Cite all of your sources using parenthetical notation.
• Submit your paper to turnitin.com, and bring a physical copy
Your paper should proceed according to the following outline:
I. Introduction and thesis statement
II.Effects of the Bubonic Plague
III.Effects of a different disease
IV.Based on your two examples, provide an analysis of how
disease can profoundly affect the history of a culture
1071, Holy Land conquered by Seljuk Turks
1095, Pope Urban II calls for a crusade
1096, First Crusade; conquers Jerusalm in 1099
1146, Second Crusade fails; Byzantium fails to capture Damascus
1187,Third Crusade, "Crusades of Kings": Frederick Barbarossa of
Germany, Philip Augustus of France, Richard I, the Lion-hearted of
England recapture Acre; ends in truce between Richard and Saladin Yusuf
Ibn Ayyub, leader of the Seljuk Turks, granting right of pilgrims to enter
Jerusalem for pilgrimages.
1198, Fourth Crusade, “the Trader Crusade”: plunders Byzantine Empire
1212, “Children’s Crusade”
Results of the Crusades:
• Stimulated trade and towns
• Strengthened kings and central power
• Weakened the Church
• Weakened serfdom
• Encouraged learning
Be able to analyze how democratic traditions took shape
in England and France.
describe the various invaders who contributed to
explain how England’s government took the ﬁrst steps
describe the Capetian dynasty in France
Key Names & Terms
William the Conqueror Philip II
Henry II Estates-General
common law 1066, Battle of Hastings
Magna Carta Eleanor of Aquitaine
parliament King John
Describe the Black Death and the Hundred Years War and
the effects they had on Europe.
identify the problems faced by the church in the
1300s and 1400s
describe the bubonic plague and its effects on Europe
Explain the Hundred Years’ War and its impact
The Black Plague …
take notes in the Cornell style