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England and the European Reformation

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Slides from 27/10/10

Published in: Education, Spiritual
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England and the European Reformation

  1. 1. England and the European Reformation
  2. 2. The Reformation was… -An act of God -The rise of the popular people -The break from the tyranny of the Pope -A rejection of the Bible’s teaching -The destruction of English ways of life - The result of a adulterous King’s passion Complex!
  3. 3. Some perspectives… - Martin Luther - Henry VIII - Zwingli - Erasmus
  4. 4. Martin Luther
  5. 5. Justification By Faith “The old Church was immensely strong, and that strength could only have been overcome by the explosive power of an idea.” Diarmaid MacCulloch Luther’s ‘Conversion’: Romans 1 v. 17 “…the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith…” - Idea of imputation Implications: - Personal salvation - No need for a Pope, priest or confession - The power of an idea
  6. 6. Henry VIII
  7. 7. “…the real - if most unlikely - revolutionary was Henry himself.” David Starkey The power behind the Reformation? Henry’s motivations: - Love - Money - Power - Theological persuasion The results: -The formation of the Church of England - The role of Parliament (Elton’s ‘Revolution in Government’) - Reformation from above
  8. 8. Ulrich Zwingli
  9. 9. Zwingli’s difference: - Emphasis on adult baptism - Rejected the veneration of Saints - Rejected the need to fast e.g. Lent - Questioned the rue nature of mass e.g. symbolic over literal Anabaptist Movement: -Zwingli’s teaching and the birth of Anabaptism - Huge later implication for denominational Christianity - Again, the power of ideas and questions
  10. 10. Desiderius Erasmus
  11. 11. Humanism: -Closely tied with the Renaissance - Europe’s intellectual heavyweight - Huge impact of Classical study Defender of the Faith? -He criticised the Roman Catholic Church, especially before Luther’s doctrine became established - Yet he eventually sided with the Catholic Church “He was a vocal critic of church abuses, but unlike the reformers he did not advocate doctrinal changes or challenge the teaching authority of the Church.” Erika Rumnel
  12. 12. The Effect on the English People
  13. 13. “….[Catholicism] exerted an enormously strong, diverse, and vigorous hold over the imagination and the loyalty of the people up to the very moment of Reformation.” Eamon Duffy

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