Hitler and MussoliniPrelude to War Rome-Berlin Axis – 1936 Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis 1937 Aggression and Appeasement Neville Chamberlain – main proponent Tojo
Why appeasement? Avoid war Guilt over Treaty of Versailles Fear of communism Popularity
Undermining the Treaty ofVersailles 1933 - Hitler begins to rearm, privately at first, but then publicly in 1935 Italy invades Ethiopia – 1935 Spanish Civil War 1936 Francisco Franco 1936 - Remilitarizes the Rhineland
Hitler’s Step Plan 1938 - Germany annexes Austria / Anschluss Germany annexes the Sudetenland German speaking regions The world appeases Hitler
Munich Conference At the Munich conference, it’s decided that Hitler can keep the land he has annexed, BUTIn return, Hitler promised: 1. He was not interested in other territories in Europe. 2. In the future, he would consult Britain before he made any further moves.
Line in the sand… Czechoslovakia Munich Pact Broken Realization that Hitler can’t be trusted Poland In 1939, Hitler hints at invading Poland To appease or not to appease? April 1939 – Britain promises Poland aid if invasion occurs
Hitler’s Betrayal Pact of Steel – May 1939 Non-Aggression Pact – August 1939 Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939 Great Britain and France declared war on Germany
Blitzkrieg Hitler used a new type of tactic called “lightening war” or blitzkrieg Maginot Line Dunkirk Fall of France – June 1940 Vichy Battle of Britain – July 1940 Invasion of Russia – June 1941
Pearl Harbor Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 America enters war
Turning Points of the War Stalingrad (42 – 43) Italy knocked out of the war 1943 D – Day – the invasion at Normandy - 1944 Battle of the Bulge -1944
Germany loses it’s leader April 30,1945, Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide The Soviet forces got to Berlin first. The Allied powers discover concentration camps and the horrors they entail.
Holocaust Over 6,000,000 Jews were brutally killed
Japan Japan refuses to surrender, in spite of the loss of their allies. Manhattan Project – 1942 Robert Oppenheimer Harry Truman decided to use the bombs on Japan to prevent loss of American lives.
Atomic Bomb Aug. 6, 1945 Enola Gay “Little Boy” Hiroshima - center of war industries. August 9, 1945 “Fat Man” Nagasaki August 14, 1945 Japan surrendered.