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Age of Discovery

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Age of Discovery

  1. 1. Europe
  2. 2. The New World
  3. 3. New World Empires
  4. 4. Why 1500? Europe – fragmented prior to 1500  Isolation, autonomy Unification –  Immigration  Christianity  Warfare against Islam  Feudalism  Advancements  Transportation  Technology
  5. 5. Why 1500? God, Glory, and Gold  Missionary work  Prevent spread of Islam  Devshirme  Janissary Corp  Enhance reputation of countries  Amass wealth Ottoman Empire  Conquest of Constantinople, 1453  Cut off Europeans from Asian luxury goods  Ended reign of the Byzantine Empire
  6. 6. How? Improvements in technology China / Portugal  Invention of compass  Sturdier boats  Navigational skills  Understanding of currents / wind patterns  Maps  Ability to calculate direction and latitude
  7. 7. Prince Henry the Navigator Vasco Da Gama Christopher Columbus Ferdinand Magellan Amerigo Vespucci
  8. 8. Columbian Exchange Weapons Horses Food Disease  Smallpox, measles, diphtheria, whooping cough, and influenza
  9. 9. Aztec and Incas Conquistadores Indigenous populations Savages?
  10. 10. Hernan Cortes Francisco Pizarro
  11. 11.  Advantages  Swords, muskets, cannons, and horses  Disease  Deception  Method of divide and conquer  Dona Marina  Took advantage of existing indigenous divisions
  12. 12. Spanish Administration Viceroy  Colonial governor appointed by king  “I obey, but I do not enforce.” Encomienda  Spanish settlers granted land and “Indian” subjects in exchange for taxes and tribute  Human rights violations  Bartolome De las Casas  “A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies”
  13. 13. Atlantic Slave Trade More colonists = more trade Need to produce cash crops – dwindling native populations = African slave labor Slavery existed since ancient times But, carried out on much larger scale in the 16 Century Middle Passage
  14. 14. Africa Kinship groups Muslim slave trade Syncretic religion European contributions  Maize, manioc, peanuts
  15. 15. Results?
  16. 16.  Increased Knowledge Spread of Christianity Wealth and it’s rewards Exploitation (People and the Environment) Competition Columbian Exchange Destruction of native civilizations Spread of Slavery Widespread change on African continent

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