Elearning Defined


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What is learning. How technology is affecting Learning. What are definitions of E-Learning.

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Elearning Defined

  1. 1. E-Learning Ramesh C Sharma
  2. 2. What is learning? <ul><li>Activity to do: </li></ul><ul><li>Please give your definition of Learning. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Learning <ul><li>‘ An organism is said to have learnt when it has increased its options for applying, to a specific set of circumstances, new or different behaviour which the organism believes will be to its benefit.’ </li></ul>
  4. 4. Technology… <ul><li>No other educational technology has ever captured the imagination and interests of so many educators around the world simultaneously than Internet and the World Wide Web. Owston (1997) </li></ul>Owston, R.D. (1997). The World Wide Web: A Technology to enhance teaching and learning? Educational Researcher , 26 (2), 27-33.
  5. 5. How Technology is Changing Nearly Everything <ul><li>Please reflect upon it! </li></ul><ul><li>It seems to have created for us: NEW </li></ul><ul><li>Assets </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Role </li></ul>
  6. 6. Various Terms <ul><li>Web Based Education </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Online Learning </li></ul><ul><li>E-Learning </li></ul>Lets understand what these are …
  7. 7. Web-based Instruction <ul><li>Web-based instruction is a “hypermedia based instructional programme, which utilizes the attributes and resources of the World Wide Web to create a meaningful learning environment where learning is fostered and supported”. </li></ul><ul><li>Khan (1997) </li></ul>Khan, B. H. (1997). Web-based instruction: what is it and why is it? in Khan, B. H. (ed) Web-based Instruction, (pp. 5-18), Englewood Cliff, NJ: Educational Technology Publications
  8. 8. Virtual Learning <ul><li>“ The educational process of learning over the Internet without having face-to-face contact is known as virtual learning’ </li></ul><ul><li>(French, Hale, Johnson and Farr, 1999) </li></ul><ul><li>However, for some virtual learning may also include tele-learning. </li></ul>French, D., Hale, C., Johnson, C. and Farr, G. (eds) (1999). Internet-based learning: An introduction and framework for higher education and business, London: Kogan Page
  9. 9. Online Learning <ul><li>It is synonymous to web-based learning where learning is fostered via the WWW only, in an Intranet or Internet. It has been recognized as the new generation in the evolutionary growth of open, flexible and distance learning. </li></ul><ul><li>(Mishra, 2001) </li></ul>Mishra, S. (2001). Designing online learning, COL Knowledge Series, Vancouver: The Commonwealth of Learning Retrieved on [2008/01/19] from WWW at http://www.col.org/Knowledge/ks_online.pdf
  10. 10. E-Learning <ul><li>“ E-learning can be defined as the use of digital technologies and media to deliver, support and enhance teaching, learning, assessment and evaluation” </li></ul><ul><li>(Armitage and O’Leary, 2003) </li></ul>Armitage, S. and O’Leary, R. (2003). A guide for learning technologists, (LSTN E-Learning Series No. 4), York: LTSN.
  11. 11. E-Learning <ul><li>“ E-learning refers to the systematic use of networked information and communication technology in teaching and learning” </li></ul><ul><li>(Naidu, 2003) </li></ul>Naidu, S. (2003). E-Learning: A guidebook of principles, procedures and practices, New Delhi: CEMCA
  12. 12. Equipment and Software Required <ul><li>a multimedia computer with Internet and Web access </li></ul><ul><li>a browser such as the latest version of Internet Explorer / Netscape / Firefox </li></ul><ul><li>Shockwave and Flash plug-ins installed </li></ul><ul><li>RealPlayer plug-in installed </li></ul>
  13. 13. E-Learning Sharma, Ramesh C. & Mishra, Sanjaya (2007). Global E-Learning Practices: An Introduction. In Ramesh C. Sharma and Sanjaya Mishra. (Eds.) Cases on Global E-Learning Practices: Successes and Pitfalls . PA, Hershey: IDEA Group
  14. 14. Success of e-learning <ul><li>Depends upon: </li></ul><ul><li>encouraging learners to use web technologies </li></ul><ul><li>motivating them to adapt their learning styles to the new internet pedagogy of </li></ul><ul><li>Experience-Reflect-Interact-Construct </li></ul><ul><li>(ERIC) </li></ul>Mishra, Sanjaya & Sharma, Ramesh C. (2007). E-Learning Best Practices and Lessons Learnt: A Summary. In Ramesh C. Sharma and Sanjaya Mishra. (Eds.) Cases on Global E-Learning Practices: Successes and Pitfalls . PA, Hershey: IDEA Group
  15. 15. Development of e-learning content <ul><li>People – Process – Product continuum </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>P3 model </li></ul><ul><li>- Badrul H. Khan </li></ul>
  16. 16. E-learning development process <ul><li>People : Instructional Designers, graphics designers, project managers and quality assurance managers </li></ul><ul><li>Product : well-designed e-learning module </li></ul><ul><li>Process : any standard process </li></ul>
  17. 17. A typical e-learning content development cycle <ul><li>Stages: </li></ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Design </li></ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery and maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction, and </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul>
  18. 18. THANK YOU