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Basic Definitions Of Business Research Methods
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Basic Definitions Of Business Research Methods


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Basic Definitions Of Business Research Methods

Basic Definitions Of Business Research Methods

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  • 1. Research It is a process if gathering information to answer a question Induction Induction involves observation and investigation into the relationship between meanings and actions of human subject Deduction Deduction involves the formulation of hypotheses Basic research Research done mainly to enhance the understanding of certain problems that commonly occur in an organization setting and seeking method of solving is called basic research Applied research Research done with the intention of applying the results of the findings to solve Specific problems currently being experience in an organization Exploratory research The perpose of exploratory research is to seek new insights and find out what is happening Explanatory research This research explain a situtaion or problem usually in the form in the form of casual relationships Discriptive research This type of research sets out to provide an accurate profile of situation, people, or events Quantitative research Is a formal, objective, systematic process in which nomarical data is utilized to obtain information about the world Qulitative research In formal, subjective research approch that usually emphasis words rather than numbers in the collection
  • 2. Mix method research In approch is one in which the researcher tends to base knowledge, claims on pragmatic grounds Paradigm Term paradigm describe as essentialy a collection of belive shared by scientists, a set of aggrements about how problems are to be understood, how we view the world and thus go about conduc ting research Theory In psychology and education, a common definition of learning is a process that brings together cognitive, emotional, and environmental influences and experiences for acquiring, enhancing, or making changes in one's knowledge, skills, values, and world views Concept An extensional definition of a concept or term formulates its meaning by specifying its extension, that is, every object that falls under the definition of the concept or term in question Variable An operational definition is a demonstration of a process – such as a variable, term, or object – in terms of the specific process or set of validation tests used to determine its presence and quantity. Proposition A proposition is a sentence expressing something true or false. In philosophy, particularly in logic, a proposition is identified ontologically as an idea, concept, or abstraction whose token instances are patterns of symbols, marks, sounds, or strings of words Analysis Is the job of systematically braking down something into its constituents parts and describing how they relate to each other it is not random dissection but a methodological examination Syntheses Is the act of making connection between the parts identified in analysis Subjectivity A definition is a formal passage describing the meaning of a term (a word or phrase). The term to be defined is the definiendum (plural definienda). A term may have many subtly different senses or meanings
  • 3. Formal and informal research In formal research, researcher use agree on definitions of variables on the other hand in informal research, researcher write in literary, informal style Litrature review Is a body of text that aims to review the critical points of current knowledge on a particular topic What is meant by paradigm and what on basis they differ from each other elaborate on the basis of philosophical assumptions? Term paradigm describe as essentially a collection of believe shared by scientists, a set of agreements about how problems are to be understood, how we view the world and thus go about conducting research sr.# Philosophical positivism interpretivism pragmatism assumptions 1 ontology Singular reality Multiple realities Both singular and (objectivism) (constructionism) multiple realities. 2 epistemology Distance and Closeness Practicality impartiality (subjective) (objective) Objective + subjective 3 axiology Unbiased biased Multiple stances 4 Rhetoric Formal style Informal style Both informal and formal style 5 methodology deductive Inductive Both qualitative and quantitative data and mix them 6 Strategies of We do survey Grounded theory, Sequential, concurrent inquiry experiment and ethnography, case and transformative field work study and narratives 7 Methods Close ended Open ended Both quantitative and questions, questions image qualitative data analysis numerical data analysis statisticalanalysis (qualitative)
  • 4. What is meant by research process and what are its elements discussed in detail how they differ in qualitative and quantitative research? Elements of qualitative research Process of research Elements of quantitative research Interpretivism Paradigm Positivism Point of view of participant Intent of research Point of view of the researcher Understand meaning individuals Test a theory deductively to give to a phenomena inductively support or refute it Contextual understanding Generalization Minor role How literature is used Major role Justifies problem Justifies problem Ask open ended questions How intent is focused Ask close ended questions Test specific variables that forms hypotheses or questions Words and image How data collected Numbers Natural settings From many participants at many research sites Data is collected at micro level Data is collected at macro level Artificial settings Text or images analysis How data is analyzed Numerical statistical analysis Themes Rejecting hypotheses Researcher is close Role of researcher Researcher is distant Identifies personal stance Remains in background Take step to remove bias Using validity procedures that How data is validated Using validity procedures based rely on the participants, the on external standards, such as researcher, or the reader judges. Past research, statistics. Differentiate between qualitative, quantitative and mix method research?
  • 5. Qualitative Quantitative Mix method Constructivist paradigm Positivist paradigm Pragmatic paradigm Grounded theories case study Surveys and experiments Sequential, concurrent and narratives transformative Open ended questions Close ended questions numeric Both open ended and close data ended questions Emerging approaches Theory generation Test a theory and verify theory Collect both quantitative and qualitative data Collect participants meanings Use undecided approaches Make interpretation of data Employs statistical procedure Collaborate with participants Elements of research design • Introduction • Objectives of study • Purpose statement • Research questions • Significance of research • Literature review • Research method for data collection • Ethical considerations • Limitations and delimitations • References