Sentence symposium
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Sentence symposium






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    Sentence symposium Sentence symposium Presentation Transcript

    • SENTENCE SYMPOSIUM Structure, Variety, & Fluency
    • Types of Sentences
      • Simple Sentence
        • A simple sentence, also called an independent clause, contains a subject and a verb , and it expresses a complete thought
        • A. Some students like to study in the mornings. B. Tom goes to the library and studies every day.
    • Types of Sentences
      • Compound Sentence
        • A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinator.
        • Coordinating Conjunctions = and, or, for, nor, but, yet, so
        • A.  I tried to speak clearly, but my friend said he
        • didn’t hear anything.
    • Types of Sentences
      • Complex Sentence
        • A complex sentence has an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses.
        • A complex sentence always has a subordinate conjunction ( because, since, after, although, or when)
        • or
        • a relative pronoun (that, who, or which )
    • Types of Sentences
      • Complex Sentence
        • Examples:
        • A. When he handed in his homework , he forgot to
        • give the teacher the last page.
        • B. The students are studying because they have a
        • test tomorrow.
        • C. The book that Jonathan read is on the shelf .
    • Types of Sentences
        • Simple, Compound, & Complex Sentences
      Write a three sentence paragraph that contains one simple, one compound, and one complex sentence. (Make sure you have the correct clauses for compound and complex sentences)
    • Types of Sentences Is it good to have a variety of the three types of sentences in your writing? Why?
    • Sentence Variety
      • Value of Variety
        • Gives writing life and rhythm
        • Reduces repetition and adds emphasis
        • Long sentences work well for incorporating a lot of information or a complex thought
        • Short sentences can highlight crucial points that are need-to-know concepts
        • Build suspense or emotion
    • Sentence Variety
      • Mix-it-up Methods
        • Sentences should be short and long depending on subject (word count)
        • Sentence beginnings
          • Subject + verb is typical
          • Adjectives, adverb, phrases
          • Changing first word in sentences (Johnny, He, The boy)
    • Sentence Variety
      Revise the following sentence three different ways. The biggest coincidence that day happened when David and I ended up sitting next to each other at the Super Bowl. Add or change words if needed, but don’t change the meaning (subject + action)
    • Sentence Fluency
      • Value of Variety
        • Sentences should set up each other so that the sentence you are reading gives you the ability and desire to read the next one.
        • Without variety, fluency , the ability to read a piece of writing in a smooth and meaningful manner, will not be established.
        • Practice Swings -> Driving Range -> Golfing
        • (Sentence Structure) (Variety) (Fluency)
    • Longest Sentence in the World
        • “ I do.”
    • Resources
      • Sentence Structure – ESL Bee
      • Sentence Variety – Purdue OWL