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Sentence symposium

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  • 1. SENTENCE SYMPOSIUM Structure, Variety, & Fluency
  • 2. Types of Sentences
    • Simple Sentence
      • A simple sentence, also called an independent clause, contains a subject and a verb , and it expresses a complete thought
      • A. Some students like to study in the mornings. B. Tom goes to the library and studies every day.
  • 3. Types of Sentences
    • Compound Sentence
      • A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinator.
      • Coordinating Conjunctions = and, or, for, nor, but, yet, so
      • A.  I tried to speak clearly, but my friend said he
      • didn’t hear anything.
  • 4. Types of Sentences
    • Complex Sentence
      • A complex sentence has an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses.
      • A complex sentence always has a subordinate conjunction ( because, since, after, although, or when)
      • or
      • a relative pronoun (that, who, or which )
  • 5. Types of Sentences
    • Complex Sentence
      • Examples:
      • A. When he handed in his homework , he forgot to
      • give the teacher the last page.
      • B. The students are studying because they have a
      • test tomorrow.
      • C. The book that Jonathan read is on the shelf .
  • 6. Types of Sentences
    • PRACTICE TIME!
      • Simple, Compound, & Complex Sentences
    Write a three sentence paragraph that contains one simple, one compound, and one complex sentence. (Make sure you have the correct clauses for compound and complex sentences)
  • 7. Types of Sentences Is it good to have a variety of the three types of sentences in your writing? Why?
  • 8. Sentence Variety
    • Value of Variety
      • Gives writing life and rhythm
      • Reduces repetition and adds emphasis
      • Long sentences work well for incorporating a lot of information or a complex thought
      • Short sentences can highlight crucial points that are need-to-know concepts
      • Build suspense or emotion
  • 9. Sentence Variety
    • Mix-it-up Methods
      • Sentences should be short and long depending on subject (word count)
      • Sentence beginnings
        • Subject + verb is typical
        • Adjectives, adverb, phrases
        • Changing first word in sentences (Johnny, He, The boy)
  • 10. Sentence Variety
    • PRACTICE TIME!
    Revise the following sentence three different ways. The biggest coincidence that day happened when David and I ended up sitting next to each other at the Super Bowl. Add or change words if needed, but don’t change the meaning (subject + action)
  • 11. Sentence Fluency
    • Value of Variety
      • Sentences should set up each other so that the sentence you are reading gives you the ability and desire to read the next one.
      • Without variety, fluency , the ability to read a piece of writing in a smooth and meaningful manner, will not be established.
      • Practice Swings -> Driving Range -> Golfing
      • (Sentence Structure) (Variety) (Fluency)
  • 12. Longest Sentence in the World
      • “ I do.”
  • 13. Resources
    • Sentence Structure – ESL Bee
      • http://www.eslbee.com/sentences.htm
    • Sentence Variety – Purdue OWL
      • http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/573/01/

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