Sentence symposium


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Sentence symposium

  1. 1. SENTENCE SYMPOSIUM Structure, Variety, & Fluency
  2. 2. Types of Sentences <ul><li>Simple Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A simple sentence, also called an independent clause, contains a subject and a verb , and it expresses a complete thought </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Some students like to study in the mornings. B. Tom goes to the library and studies every day. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Sentences <ul><li>Compound Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinator. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinating Conjunctions = and, or, for, nor, but, yet, so </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A.  I tried to speak clearly, but my friend said he </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>didn’t hear anything. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Types of Sentences <ul><li>Complex Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A complex sentence has an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A complex sentence always has a subordinate conjunction ( because, since, after, although, or when) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a relative pronoun (that, who, or which ) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Types of Sentences <ul><li>Complex Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A. When he handed in his homework , he forgot to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>give the teacher the last page. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. The students are studying because they have a </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>test tomorrow. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. The book that Jonathan read is on the shelf . </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Types of Sentences <ul><li>PRACTICE TIME! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple, Compound, & Complex Sentences </li></ul></ul>Write a three sentence paragraph that contains one simple, one compound, and one complex sentence. (Make sure you have the correct clauses for compound and complex sentences)
  7. 7. Types of Sentences Is it good to have a variety of the three types of sentences in your writing? Why?
  8. 8. Sentence Variety <ul><li>Value of Variety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives writing life and rhythm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces repetition and adds emphasis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long sentences work well for incorporating a lot of information or a complex thought </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short sentences can highlight crucial points that are need-to-know concepts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build suspense or emotion </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Sentence Variety <ul><li>Mix-it-up Methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sentences should be short and long depending on subject (word count) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sentence beginnings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subject + verb is typical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adjectives, adverb, phrases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Changing first word in sentences (Johnny, He, The boy) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Sentence Variety <ul><li>PRACTICE TIME! </li></ul>Revise the following sentence three different ways. The biggest coincidence that day happened when David and I ended up sitting next to each other at the Super Bowl. Add or change words if needed, but don’t change the meaning (subject + action)
  11. 11. Sentence Fluency <ul><li>Value of Variety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sentences should set up each other so that the sentence you are reading gives you the ability and desire to read the next one. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Without variety, fluency , the ability to read a piece of writing in a smooth and meaningful manner, will not be established. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice Swings -> Driving Range -> Golfing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Sentence Structure) (Variety) (Fluency) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Longest Sentence in the World <ul><ul><li>“ I do.” </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Resources <ul><li>Sentence Structure – ESL Bee </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sentence Variety – Purdue OWL </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>