Jenniferheidl Knoblochjodydrakepro

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Six Traits

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Jenniferheidl Knoblochjodydrakepro

  1. 1. The 6 Traits of Writing <ul><li>*Ideas </li></ul><ul><li>*Organization </li></ul><ul><li>*Word Choice </li></ul><ul><li>*Sentence Fluency </li></ul><ul><li>*Voice </li></ul><ul><li>*Conventions </li></ul>Created by: Jennifer Heidl-Knobloch & Jody Drake
  2. 2. Ideas & Content <ul><li>“ The ideas are the heart of the message, the content of the piece…all the details that enrich and develop the theme.” </li></ul><ul><li>--Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory </li></ul>
  3. 3. If you don’t care about what you write about, your reader will be bored!
  4. 4. Ideas & Content <ul><li>A writer should: </li></ul><ul><li>~ Narrow the topic to something specific </li></ul><ul><li>~ Use a fresh, original perspective </li></ul><ul><li>~ When possible, write from experience </li></ul><ul><li>~ Use important, interesting details </li></ul><ul><li>(not just common knowledge) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Organization <ul><li>“ Organization is the internal structure of a piece of writing, the thread of central meaning, the pattern.” </li></ul><ul><li>--Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory </li></ul>
  6. 6. Organization <ul><li>A writer should: </li></ul><ul><li>~ use an inviting lead that hooks the reader </li></ul><ul><li>~ use logical and effective order, structure, & sequence </li></ul><ul><li>~ use smooth transitions to emphasize main idea </li></ul><ul><li>~ place supporting details where they are most appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>~ use a conclusion that gives the reader a sense of resolution (clincher) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Word Choice <ul><li>“ Strong word choice clarifies and expands ideas…moves and enlightens the reader.” </li></ul><ul><li>--Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory </li></ul><ul><li>“ Don’t tell me the moon is shining; show me the glint of light on broken glass.” </li></ul><ul><li>--Anton Chekhov </li></ul>
  8. 8. Word Choice <ul><li>A writer should: </li></ul><ul><li>~ Use words that create a mental picture for the reader </li></ul><ul><li>~ Use powerful action verbs (vivid verbs) </li></ul><ul><li>~ Use specific nouns and adjectives </li></ul><ul><li>~ Use language that is natural and not overdone </li></ul><ul><li>~ Be concise (tighten sentences) </li></ul><ul><li>~ Use words correctly </li></ul><ul><li>~ Avoid repetition, slang, and clichés </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sentence Fluency <ul><li>“ Sentence fluency is the rhythm and flow of the language.” </li></ul><ul><li>--Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory </li></ul><ul><li>“ To me the greatest pleasure of writing is not what it’s about, but the music the words make.” </li></ul><ul><li>--Truman Capote </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sentence Fluency <ul><li>A writer should: </li></ul><ul><li>~Vary sentence beginning, structure, and length </li></ul><ul><li>~ Use complete sentences </li></ul><ul><li>~ Use transitions (internal & external) to promote cadence </li></ul>
  11. 11. Voice <ul><li>“ It is the heart and soul of the writing, the magic, the wit, the feeling, the life and breath.” </li></ul><ul><li>--Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory </li></ul>
  12. 12. Voice <ul><li>A writer should: </li></ul><ul><li>~ Write honestly and from the heart </li></ul><ul><li>~ Interact with the reader </li></ul><ul><li>* without using YOU </li></ul><ul><li>~ Use language that brings the topic to life </li></ul><ul><li>~ Care about topic </li></ul><ul><li>~ Use expression to voice personality </li></ul>
  13. 13. And lastly… CONVENTIONS
  14. 14. Conventions <ul><li>Some of you may not enjoy the editing process, but without this step, the other 5 traits could be overshadowed by errors that distract the reader. This trait is essential to a polished composition. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Conventions <ul><li>A writer should: </li></ul><ul><li>~ Turn in a clean, edited, and polished final draft </li></ul><ul><li>~ Reinforce the organization with good paragraphing </li></ul><ul><li>~ Use correct punctuation, spelling, and grammar </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>“ What is written without effort is in general read without pleasure.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Samuel Johnson </li></ul><ul><li>“ We write to taste life twice.” </li></ul><ul><li>~ Anais Nin </li></ul>Quotations to Inspire
  17. 17. Works Cited <ul><li>“ Assessment.” Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory. 11 Jan. 2005. 6 July 2005. <www.nwrel.org/assessment/scoring.php?odelay=3&d=1>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Grammar Cartoons.” Google Images. 6 July 2005. <www.images.google.com/images?synum=10&hl=en&lr=&q=grammar+cartoons>. </li></ul><ul><li>Roberts, Bethany. &quot;Writing for Children Workshop: Writing Quotes.&quot; 16 June </li></ul><ul><li>2005. < http://www.bethanyroberts.com/writing_quotes.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>Spandel, Vicki. Creating Writers Through 6-Trait Writing Assessment and Instruction. New York: Addison Wesley Longman, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>Steele, Kimberly. “Ideas for Teaching Writing.” 23 June 2004. 6 July 2005. <www.kimskorner4teachertalk.com/writing/menu.html.> </li></ul>

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