Why did immigrants come to the US? <ul><li>Famine </li></ul><ul><li>Land shortages </li></ul><ul><li>Religious or politica...
Why did immigrants come to the US? <ul><li>Famine </li></ul><ul><li>Land shortages </li></ul><ul><li>Religious or politica...
Immigration <ul><li>Between 1870 and 1920, 20 million Europeans came to US </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss “old immigrants” vs “...
 
 
 
 
Angel Island
Why did Cities Grow so Fast? <ul><li>Immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers moved to the city </li></ul><ul><li>African-Amer...
Problems in the City <ul><li>Cramped, old, dirty housing </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of good transportation </li></ul><ul><li>L...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gilded Age 1870-1890’s <ul><li>There was a lot of corruption in gov’t </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kickback system </li></ul></ul...
 
 
 
Reforming Government <ul><li>The Spoils System caused a lot of the problems </li></ul><ul><li>Presidents Hayes, Garfield a...
Reform <ul><li>Pendleton Civil Service Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Required most government jobs to be given through a merit...
Garfield’s Assassination James Garfield <ul><li>  </li></ul>
Advances and Technologies <ul><li>Skyscrapers </li></ul><ul><li>Electric streetcars </li></ul><ul><li>Central Park </li></ul>
Advances and Technology <ul><li>Airplanes </li></ul><ul><li>Kodak Camera </li></ul><ul><li>Automobile </li></ul><ul><li>Am...
Segregation <ul><li>Literacy test </li></ul><ul><li>Poll tax </li></ul><ul><li>Grandfather Clause(1-1-1867) </li></ul><ul>...
Four Goals of Progressivism <ul><li>Protecting social welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting moral improvement </li></ul><ul>...
Protecting Social Welfare <ul><li>Set up settlement houses for poor </li></ul><ul><li>Opened libraries </li></ul><ul><li>S...
Early YMCA Ballers
 
Promoting Moral Improvement <ul><li>Prohibition </li></ul><ul><li>Carrie Nation </li></ul><ul><li>Why ban alcohol? </li></...
WCTU <ul><li>What does this stand for? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Woman’s Christian Temperance Union </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spe...
 
 
 
Creating Economic Reform <ul><li>There was a major unbalance in income and how people lived </li></ul><ul><li>Many turned ...
Capitalism <ul><li>Economic System  </li></ul><ul><li>The means of production are privately owned </li></ul><ul><li>$$ is ...
Socialism <ul><li>Social or Economic system </li></ul><ul><li>Property and distribution of wealth are determined by the Go...
American Socialist Party <ul><li>Founded in 1901 </li></ul><ul><li>Its prominent leader was Eugene V. Debs </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>“ Competition is natural enough at one time, but do you think you are competing today?  Many of you think you are ...
 
Muckrakers <ul><li>Muckrakers played a big role in bringing reform </li></ul><ul><li>Investigative journalists </li></ul><...
Sinclair, Tarbell and Steffens-Muckrakers
Fostering Efficiency <ul><li>Scientific management to increase efficiency was used in factories </li></ul><ul><li>Frederic...
 
 
 
 
Limiting Working Hours <ul><li>Many states enforced a 10 hour work day for both men and women </li></ul><ul><li>Progressiv...
Reforming Elections <ul><li>States adopt  secret ballot </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Primary </li></ul><ul><li>Initiative -a b...
Direct Election of Senators <ul><li>17 th  Amendment  </li></ul><ul><li>1913 </li></ul><ul><li>Direct election of U.S. Sen...
Charles Grassley-R
Tom Harkin-D
Women’s Role <ul><li>Many more women were getting an education </li></ul><ul><li>Many became teachers </li></ul><ul><li>He...
Teddy Roosevelt-TR <ul><li>Born into a wealthy family-1858 </li></ul><ul><li>Had asthma as a child-sickly </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Served as US Civil Service Commissioner from 1889-1895 </li></ul><ul><li>Commissioner of the New York City Police ...
 
<ul><li>Governor of New York 1898-1900 </li></ul><ul><li>Vice-President of the US in 1901 </li></ul><ul><li>Served as Pres...
 
 
 
Teddy Bear
 
 
Accomplishments as President <ul><li>Used his personality, popularity and power of persuasion to get what he wanted </li><...
<ul><li>TR was the “trustbuster” </li></ul><ul><li>“ good trusts” vs “bad trusts” </li></ul><ul><li>Helped settle the 1902...
 
 
Conservation Measures <ul><li>Roosevelt condemned view that our “resources were endless” </li></ul><ul><li>T.R. set aside ...
 
Theodore Roosevelt National Park—Badlands, N.D.
 
Willam Jennings Bryan vs William Howard Taft-1908 Election
1908 Election Taft v. Bryan
William Howard Taft <ul><li>Born September 15, 1857 in Cincinnati, OH </li></ul><ul><li>Attended Yale College: New Haven, ...
 
<ul><li>“ When I am addressed as ‘Mr. President,’ I turn to see whether you are not at my elbow.” –W.H. Taft  </li></ul><u...
Taft’s Accomplishments <ul><li>Passed the Payne-Aldrich Tariff which reduced tariffs </li></ul><ul><li>Used Dollar Diploma...
Federal Income Tax <ul><li>16 th  Amendment passed 2-3-13 </li></ul><ul><li>Legalized a graduated federal income tax </li>...
Why was Taft Not Liked? <ul><li>Not as energetic and well liked as Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>Not good at using the “Bull...
“Uncle” Joe Cannon
Republican Party Split <ul><li>Due to these problems with Taft, the Republicans split into old-guard republicans and progr...
 
 
Teddy Roosevelt-Progressive
Bull-Moose Platform <ul><li>Direct Election of Senators </li></ul><ul><li>Initiative, Referendum, Recall in all states </l...
William Howard Taft-Republicans
Woodrow Wilson-Democrats
Eugene V. Debs-Socialist
It Gets Nasty!! <ul><li>During the campaign before the election, both Roosevelt & Taft take shots at each other </li></ul>...
 
 
1912 Election
 
Election of 1912 <ul><li>Election offered several choices:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wilson’s New Freedom </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Woodrow Wilson’s New Freedom
Wilson’s Background <ul><li>Grew up in the South after the Civil War & Reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Son, Grandson, and...
Wilson’s Accomplishments <ul><li>Passed Clayton Anti-Trust Act(1914) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Could break up monopolies </li>...
Federal Reserve System <ul><li>America needed stronger banks </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Reserve Act of 1913 </li></ul><ul><...
 
Federal Reserve System <ul><li>Controls the U.S. money supply and the availability of credit in the country </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>17 th , 18 th  and 19 th  Amendments were passed during his term </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct election of senators...
 
The Twilight of Progressivism <ul><li>Roosevelt, Taft, and the early part of Wilson’s presidencies marked the golden age o...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Ch7 9new

3,712 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,712
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3,018
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ch7 9new

  1. 1. Why did immigrants come to the US? <ul><li>Famine </li></ul><ul><li>Land shortages </li></ul><ul><li>Religious or political persecution </li></ul><ul><li>More opportunities-$$ </li></ul><ul><li>Reunite with family </li></ul>
  2. 2. Why did immigrants come to the US? <ul><li>Famine </li></ul><ul><li>Land shortages </li></ul><ul><li>Religious or political persecution </li></ul><ul><li>More opportunities-$$ </li></ul><ul><li>Reunite with family </li></ul><ul><li>Push-Pull Factors </li></ul>
  3. 3. Immigration <ul><li>Between 1870 and 1920, 20 million Europeans came to US </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss “old immigrants” vs “new immigrants” </li></ul><ul><li>Half a million Chinese and Japanese people came to west coast during this time </li></ul><ul><li>Led to much anti-Asian feeling in this country-Chinese Exclusion Act </li></ul><ul><li>A million immigrants from Latin America came as well </li></ul><ul><li>Page 255-Chart </li></ul>
  4. 8. Angel Island
  5. 9. Why did Cities Grow so Fast? <ul><li>Immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers moved to the city </li></ul><ul><li>African-Americans moved to the cities </li></ul><ul><li>Cities offered more fun and jobs </li></ul>
  6. 10. Problems in the City <ul><li>Cramped, old, dirty housing </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of good transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of safe drinking water </li></ul><ul><li>Disease was common </li></ul><ul><li>Streets were filthy </li></ul><ul><li>Crime </li></ul><ul><li>Fires </li></ul>
  7. 19. Gilded Age 1870-1890’s <ul><li>There was a lot of corruption in gov’t </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kickback system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Granting favors to big business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spoils system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political boss hires/fired police </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boss William Marcy Tweed </li></ul></ul>
  8. 23. Reforming Government <ul><li>The Spoils System caused a lot of the problems </li></ul><ul><li>Presidents Hayes, Garfield and Arthur tried to reform government </li></ul>
  9. 24. Reform <ul><li>Pendleton Civil Service Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Required most government jobs to be given through a merit system based on test scores </li></ul></ul>
  10. 25. Garfield’s Assassination James Garfield <ul><li> </li></ul>
  11. 26. Advances and Technologies <ul><li>Skyscrapers </li></ul><ul><li>Electric streetcars </li></ul><ul><li>Central Park </li></ul>
  12. 27. Advances and Technology <ul><li>Airplanes </li></ul><ul><li>Kodak Camera </li></ul><ul><li>Automobile </li></ul><ul><li>Amusement Parks </li></ul><ul><li>Sports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tennis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boxing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baseball </li></ul></ul>
  13. 28. Segregation <ul><li>Literacy test </li></ul><ul><li>Poll tax </li></ul><ul><li>Grandfather Clause(1-1-1867) </li></ul><ul><li>Jim Crow laws </li></ul><ul><li>Plessy v Ferguson 1896 </li></ul><ul><li>“separate but equal” </li></ul><ul><li>Lynching and violence </li></ul>
  14. 29. Four Goals of Progressivism <ul><li>Protecting social welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting moral improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Creating economic reform </li></ul><ul><li>Fostering efficiency </li></ul>
  15. 30. Protecting Social Welfare <ul><li>Set up settlement houses for poor </li></ul><ul><li>Opened libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsored education classes </li></ul><ul><li>Opened swimming pools </li></ul><ul><li>Set up soup kitchens </li></ul><ul><li>Slum brigades—teach immigrants </li></ul>
  16. 31. Early YMCA Ballers
  17. 33. Promoting Moral Improvement <ul><li>Prohibition </li></ul><ul><li>Carrie Nation </li></ul><ul><li>Why ban alcohol? </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s Suffrage </li></ul>
  18. 34. WCTU <ul><li>What does this stand for? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Woman’s Christian Temperance Union </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spearheaded the crusade for prohibition </li></ul><ul><li>What did these women do? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Entered saloons and protested </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Would sing and pray in the saloons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urged bartenders to quit selling liquor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The WCTU grew from a small, Midwestern group to a national organization consisting of 245,000 members by 1911 </li></ul>
  19. 38. Creating Economic Reform <ul><li>There was a major unbalance in income and how people lived </li></ul><ul><li>Many turned to “socialism”. </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation of railroads </li></ul><ul><li>Child labor laws </li></ul><ul><li>Women and men working hours reduced </li></ul><ul><li>Workmen’s compensation </li></ul>
  20. 39. Capitalism <ul><li>Economic System </li></ul><ul><li>The means of production are privately owned </li></ul><ul><li>$$ is invested in the production & distribution for a profit </li></ul><ul><li>“ Free Market”  What is this? </li></ul><ul><li>Chance to go from poor to rich </li></ul><ul><li>Laissez-Faire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hands Off </li></ul></ul>
  21. 40. Socialism <ul><li>Social or Economic system </li></ul><ul><li>Property and distribution of wealth are determined by the Government </li></ul><ul><li>State or Government ownership of everything </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination of private property, everyone is equal </li></ul><ul><li>Karl Marx  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leading figure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Father of Communism </li></ul></ul>
  22. 41. American Socialist Party <ul><li>Founded in 1901 </li></ul><ul><li>Its prominent leader was Eugene V. Debs </li></ul><ul><li>In the early 1900’s, the party had numerous elected officials in office </li></ul><ul><li>Debs ran for president 5 times unsuccessfully </li></ul>
  23. 42. <ul><li>“ Competition is natural enough at one time, but do you think you are competing today? Many of you think you are competing. Against whom? Against oil magnate John D. Rockefeller? About as I would if I had a wheelbarrow and competed with the Santa Fe Railroad from here to Kansas City!” </li></ul>
  24. 44. Muckrakers <ul><li>Muckrakers played a big role in bringing reform </li></ul><ul><li>Investigative journalists </li></ul><ul><li>Exposed the problems of society </li></ul><ul><li>Upton Sinclair—The Jungle-meatpacking </li></ul><ul><li>Ida Tarbell—Exposed the ruthless methods of the Standard Oil Company </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln Steffens-exposed corruption in gov’t </li></ul>
  25. 45. Sinclair, Tarbell and Steffens-Muckrakers
  26. 46. Fostering Efficiency <ul><li>Scientific management to increase efficiency was used in factories </li></ul><ul><li>Frederick Taylor—Time Management studies </li></ul><ul><li>Assembly line </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Ford paid workers $5 a day!! </li></ul><ul><li>Progressives also worked for better efficiency in all levels of government </li></ul>
  27. 51. Limiting Working Hours <ul><li>Many states enforced a 10 hour work day for both men and women </li></ul><ul><li>Progressives also succeeded in winning workers’ compensation for family members of hurt or killed workers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is worker’s comp.? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it still around today? </li></ul></ul>
  28. 52. Reforming Elections <ul><li>States adopt secret ballot </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Primary </li></ul><ul><li>Initiative -a bill originated by the people rather than lawmakers </li></ul><ul><li>Referendum - when voters accept or reject the initiative (bill) </li></ul><ul><li>Recall - enabled voters to remove public officials from elected positions </li></ul><ul><li>17 th and 19 th Amendments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What did these seven aim at doing???? </li></ul></ul>
  29. 53. Direct Election of Senators <ul><li>17 th Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>1913 </li></ul><ul><li>Direct election of U.S. Senators </li></ul><ul><li>What does this mean? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are our Senators???? </li></ul>
  30. 54. Charles Grassley-R
  31. 55. Tom Harkin-D
  32. 56. Women’s Role <ul><li>Many more women were getting an education </li></ul><ul><li>Many became teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Help push for the passing of the 18 th and 19 th Amendments to the US Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>-Prohibition </li></ul><ul><li>-Women’s Suffrage </li></ul>
  33. 57. Teddy Roosevelt-TR <ul><li>Born into a wealthy family-1858 </li></ul><ul><li>Had asthma as a child-sickly </li></ul><ul><li>As a teen became a marksmen and learned to ride horses </li></ul><ul><li>Went to Harvard </li></ul><ul><li>Boxed and wrestled at Harvard </li></ul><ul><li>Served in the New York State Assembly from 1882-1884 </li></ul>
  34. 58. <ul><li>Served as US Civil Service Commissioner from 1889-1895 </li></ul><ul><li>Commissioner of the New York City Police from 1895-1897 </li></ul><ul><li>Assistant Secretary of the Navy from 1897-1898 </li></ul><ul><li>Fought in the Spanish-American War in 1898 as leader of the “Rough Riders” </li></ul>
  35. 60. <ul><li>Governor of New York 1898-1900 </li></ul><ul><li>Vice-President of the US in 1901 </li></ul><ul><li>Served as President from 1901-1909 </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote many history books </li></ul><ul><li>Owned and ran a ranch in the Dakota Territory </li></ul><ul><li>Avid hunter-African Safaris </li></ul>
  36. 64. Teddy Bear
  37. 67. Accomplishments as President <ul><li>Used his personality, popularity and power of persuasion to get what he wanted </li></ul><ul><li>Believed that the federal government was there to help common people </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to give everyone a “Square Deal” </li></ul><ul><li>Used the “bully pulpit” to influence media and help pass laws </li></ul>
  38. 68. <ul><li>TR was the “trustbuster” </li></ul><ul><li>“ good trusts” vs “bad trusts” </li></ul><ul><li>Helped settle the 1902 Coal strike in which miners got better pay and a nine hour workday </li></ul><ul><li>Passed the Elkins Act(1903-no rebates) and Hepburn Act(1906-ICC set max RR rates) which required railroads to be fair and just in their prices and practices </li></ul><ul><li>Passed the Meat Inspection Act-1906 </li></ul><ul><li>Passed the Pure Food and Drug Act-1906 </li></ul><ul><li>Newlands Act-1902-sold western land and made dams which allowed for irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation-map p. 323 </li></ul><ul><li>Did not do much for African-Americans </li></ul>
  39. 71. Conservation Measures <ul><li>Roosevelt condemned view that our “resources were endless” </li></ul><ul><li>T.R. set aside 148 million acres of forest reserves </li></ul><ul><li>1.5 million acres of water-power sites </li></ul><ul><li>Established 50 wildlife sanctuaries and several national parks </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation- planned management of natural resources, involving the protection of some wilderness areas and the development of others </li></ul>
  40. 73. Theodore Roosevelt National Park—Badlands, N.D.
  41. 75. Willam Jennings Bryan vs William Howard Taft-1908 Election
  42. 76. 1908 Election Taft v. Bryan
  43. 77. William Howard Taft <ul><li>Born September 15, 1857 in Cincinnati, OH </li></ul><ul><li>Attended Yale College: New Haven, CT </li></ul><ul><li>Lawyer then Secretary of War </li></ul><ul><li>Never aimed at being president </li></ul><ul><li>After his presidency he was a Professor at Yale Law School </li></ul><ul><li>1921, became Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, which was his career goal </li></ul><ul><li>Only president to ever serve as Chief Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Only president to hold public office after leaving the White House </li></ul>
  44. 79. <ul><li>“ When I am addressed as ‘Mr. President,’ I turn to see whether you are not at my elbow.” –W.H. Taft </li></ul><ul><li>Taft never really felt like he was the president; always in Roosevelt’s shadow </li></ul>
  45. 80. Taft’s Accomplishments <ul><li>Passed the Payne-Aldrich Tariff which reduced tariffs </li></ul><ul><li>Used Dollar Diplomacy when dealing with other countries-US would use the military and diplomacy to help promote U.S. business interests overseas. </li></ul><ul><li>Broke up many trusts including the Standard Oil Company in 1911 </li></ul><ul><li>16 th Amendment Passed </li></ul>
  46. 81. Federal Income Tax <ul><li>16 th Amendment passed 2-3-13 </li></ul><ul><li>Legalized a graduated federal income tax </li></ul><ul><li>Provided $$ to the GOV’T by taxing individual earnings and corporate profits </li></ul>
  47. 82. Why was Taft Not Liked? <ul><li>Not as energetic and well liked as Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>Not good at using the “Bully Pulpit” </li></ul><ul><li>Promised to lower tariffs but actually increased many with the Payne-Aldrich Tariff upsetting progressives </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed wealthy lawyer Richard Ballinger to Secretary of the Interior who removed land TR set aside for conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Speaker of the House Joe Cannon who was anti-progressive </li></ul>
  48. 83. “Uncle” Joe Cannon
  49. 84. Republican Party Split <ul><li>Due to these problems with Taft, the Republicans split into old-guard republicans and progressive republicans </li></ul><ul><li>TR did not get the Republican nomination so he decided to run as a third party candidate in the Progressive Party(Bull Moose Party) </li></ul><ul><li>Why would this split guarantee a democrat win? </li></ul>
  50. 87. Teddy Roosevelt-Progressive
  51. 88. Bull-Moose Platform <ul><li>Direct Election of Senators </li></ul><ul><li>Initiative, Referendum, Recall in all states </li></ul><ul><li>Woman Suffrage </li></ul><ul><li>Worker’s Compensation </li></ul><ul><li>8 hour workday </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum wage for women </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Law against child labor </li></ul>
  52. 89. William Howard Taft-Republicans
  53. 90. Woodrow Wilson-Democrats
  54. 91. Eugene V. Debs-Socialist
  55. 92. It Gets Nasty!! <ul><li>During the campaign before the election, both Roosevelt & Taft take shots at each other </li></ul><ul><li>Taft called T.R. a “dangerous egotist” </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt branded Taft as “Fat Head with the brain of a guinea pig” </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson’s quote: “Don’t interfere when your enemy is destroying himself” </li></ul>
  56. 95. 1912 Election
  57. 97. Election of 1912 <ul><li>Election offered several choices: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wilson’s New Freedom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taft’s Conservatism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roosevelt’s Progressivism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debs’ Socialism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Republican Split gives Wilson the presidency </li></ul><ul><li>Republican voters split between Taft & Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats voted for Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson only received 42% of the popular vote, but won 435 electoral votes </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt finished 2 nd with 4.1 million votes </li></ul>
  58. 98. Woodrow Wilson’s New Freedom
  59. 99. Wilson’s Background <ul><li>Grew up in the South after the Civil War & Reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Son, Grandson, and Nephew of Presbyterian Ministers—strict upbringing </li></ul><ul><li>Before entering politics, Wilson worked as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lawyer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>History Professor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>President of Princeton University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governor of N.J. </li></ul></ul>
  60. 100. Wilson’s Accomplishments <ul><li>Passed Clayton Anti-Trust Act(1914) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Could break up monopolies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>-Labor Unions were given the right to exist </li></ul><ul><li>-Strikes, boycotts, picketing etc became legal </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Trade Commission was established in 1914 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigated companies for monopolistic practices </li></ul></ul>
  61. 101. Federal Reserve System <ul><li>America needed stronger banks </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Reserve Act of 1913 </li></ul><ul><li>Divided the nation into 12 districts  regional central bank in each district </li></ul><ul><li>“ Bankers Bank” </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Reserve banks could issue new paper money in emergency situations </li></ul><ul><li>Also, helped with giving out loan $$ </li></ul><ul><li>Banks within the system helped others from closing due to lack of money </li></ul>
  62. 103. Federal Reserve System <ul><li>Controls the U.S. money supply and the availability of credit in the country </li></ul><ul><li>One of President Wilson’s most enduring achievements </li></ul><ul><li>We use this same system today as the basis of the nation’s banking system </li></ul>
  63. 104. <ul><li>17 th , 18 th and 19 th Amendments were passed during his term </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct election of senators(1913) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibition(1919) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women’s Vote(1920) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*Led US during Mexican Crisis and WWI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>**Developed Missionary Diplomacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*African-Americans were for the most part ignored by Roosevelt, Taft, Wilson and the Progressive Movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*Wilson reinstated segregation in Washington D.C. and also started segregation in the US military. </li></ul></ul>
  64. 106. The Twilight of Progressivism <ul><li>Roosevelt, Taft, and the early part of Wilson’s presidencies marked the golden age of Progressivism within the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Question: Do you think the progressives accomplished very much? </li></ul><ul><li>World War I would dominate Wilson’s 2 nd term and brought Progressivism to an end </li></ul>

×