 Puerto RicoPuerto Rico
Populated for centuries by aboriginal peoples, thePopulated for centuries by aboriginal peoples, ...
Emilio AguinaldoEmilio Aguinaldo
John Hay - Open Door PolicyJohn Hay - Open Door Policy
The Boxer RebellionThe Boxer Rebellion
Chapter 10.4Chapter 10.4
America as a World PowerAmerica as a World Power
Teddy Roosevelt’s PresidencyTeddy Roosevelt’s Presidency
 Assumed Presidency after McKinley wasAssumed Presidency after M...
Russo-Japanese WarRusso-Japanese War
1904-19051904-1905
 Japan shocked the world by defeatingJapan shocked the world by d...
The Panama CanalThe Panama Canal
 A canal across Panama had been desiredA canal across Panama had been desired
for a long...
Panama CanalPanama Canal
 Colombia refused to allow US entryColombia refused to allow US entry
 With support from the US...
Panama Canal ConstructionPanama Canal Construction
 One of the biggest engineering undertakingsOne of the biggest enginee...
The Roosevelt CorollaryThe Roosevelt Corollary
 It was an addition to the Monroe DoctrineIt was an addition to the Monroe...
Dollar DiplomacyDollar Diplomacy
 Using the US government to guaranteeUsing the US government to guarantee
loans made to ...
President Woodrow WilsonPresident Woodrow Wilson
 Practiced “missionary diplomacy”Practiced “missionary diplomacy”

US w...
President Woodrow WilsonPresident Woodrow Wilson

US took over the Mexican port of VeracruzUS took over the Mexican port ...
Pancho VillaPancho Villa
 At first was pro-American but soon changedAt first was pro-American but soon changed
after Pres...
QuestionsQuestions
 How do think Latin American countriesHow do think Latin American countries
viewed the United States a...
President McKinley’s AssassinationPresident McKinley’s Assassination
 Killed by LeonKilled by Leon
Czolgosz(Cholgosh)Czol...
Chapter 10.3.4
Chapter 10.3.4
Chapter 10.3.4
Chapter 10.3.4
Chapter 10.3.4
Chapter 10.3.4
Chapter 10.3.4
Chapter 10.3.4
Chapter 10.3.4
Chapter 10.3.4
Chapter 10.3.4
Chapter 10.3.4
Chapter 10.3.4
Chapter 10.3.4
Chapter 10.3.4
Chapter 10.3.4
Chapter 10.3.4
Chapter 10.3.4
Chapter 10.3.4
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Chapter 10.3.4

722 views

Published on

Published in: Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
722
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 10.3.4

  1. 1.  Puerto RicoPuerto Rico Populated for centuries by aboriginal peoples, thePopulated for centuries by aboriginal peoples, the island was claimed by the Spanish Crown in 1493island was claimed by the Spanish Crown in 1493 following Columbus' second voyage to thefollowing Columbus' second voyage to the Americas.Americas.  In 1898, after 400 years of colonial rule that sawIn 1898, after 400 years of colonial rule that saw the original population nearly exterminated andthe original population nearly exterminated and African slave labor introduced, Puerto Rico wasAfrican slave labor introduced, Puerto Rico was ceded to the US as a result of the Spanish-ceded to the US as a result of the Spanish- American War.American War.  Puerto Ricans were granted US citizenship inPuerto Ricans were granted US citizenship in 1917.1917.  Popularly-elected governors have served sincePopularly-elected governors have served since 1948.1948.  In 1952, a constitution was enacted providing forIn 1952, a constitution was enacted providing for internal self government.internal self government.  In plebiscites held in 1967, 1993, and 1998, votersIn plebiscites held in 1967, 1993, and 1998, voters chose to retain commonwealth status.chose to retain commonwealth status.
  2. 2. Emilio AguinaldoEmilio Aguinaldo
  3. 3. John Hay - Open Door PolicyJohn Hay - Open Door Policy
  4. 4. The Boxer RebellionThe Boxer Rebellion
  5. 5. Chapter 10.4Chapter 10.4 America as a World PowerAmerica as a World Power
  6. 6. Teddy Roosevelt’s PresidencyTeddy Roosevelt’s Presidency  Assumed Presidency after McKinley wasAssumed Presidency after McKinley was killedkilled  Roosevelt the PeacemakerRoosevelt the Peacemaker  Ended the Russo-Japanese War in 1905Ended the Russo-Japanese War in 1905  Won the Nobel Peace Prize for his effortsWon the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts  Panama CanalPanama Canal  Roosevelt CorollaryRoosevelt Corollary
  7. 7. Russo-Japanese WarRusso-Japanese War 1904-19051904-1905  Japan shocked the world by defeatingJapan shocked the world by defeating RussiaRussia  Treaty of PortsmouthTreaty of Portsmouth  Japan received Southern half of SakhalinJapan received Southern half of Sakhalin Island from RussiaIsland from Russia  Japan took over Russian interests inJapan took over Russian interests in Manchuria and KoreaManchuria and Korea
  8. 8. The Panama CanalThe Panama Canal  A canal across Panama had been desiredA canal across Panama had been desired for a long time. Why?for a long time. Why?  France had started constructing a canalFrance had started constructing a canal but gave up due to costs and diseasebut gave up due to costs and disease  In 1903, US buys French company’s routeIn 1903, US buys French company’s route for $40 millionfor $40 million  Before starting, US had to get permissionBefore starting, US had to get permission from Colombia which controlled Panamafrom Colombia which controlled Panama
  9. 9. Panama CanalPanama Canal  Colombia refused to allow US entryColombia refused to allow US entry  With support from the US, Panama revoltedWith support from the US, Panama revolted against Colombiaagainst Colombia  On November 3, 1903, Panama declaredOn November 3, 1903, Panama declared independence from Colombiaindependence from Colombia  US and Panama then signed canal deal whereUS and Panama then signed canal deal where US would pay $10 million and a annual rent ofUS would pay $10 million and a annual rent of $250,000$250,000  This action greatly upsets Latin America. Why?This action greatly upsets Latin America. Why?
  10. 10. Panama Canal ConstructionPanama Canal Construction  One of the biggest engineering undertakingsOne of the biggest engineering undertakings everever  Had to fight disease(yellow fever and malaria)Had to fight disease(yellow fever and malaria)  Soft, volcanic soil made it difficult to removeSoft, volcanic soil made it difficult to remove  Over 43,000 workers helped build canalOver 43,000 workers helped build canal  5,600 workers dies5,600 workers dies  Cost US $380 millionCost US $380 million  Opened on August 15, 1914Opened on August 15, 1914
  11. 11. The Roosevelt CorollaryThe Roosevelt Corollary  It was an addition to the Monroe DoctrineIt was an addition to the Monroe Doctrine  Said that the US would be the policeSaid that the US would be the police officer between Latin America and Europeofficer between Latin America and Europe  The US would use force to protectThe US would use force to protect interests in Latin Americainterests in Latin America  ““Speak softly and carry a big stick”Speak softly and carry a big stick”  What does this mean?What does this mean?  Look at examplesLook at examples
  12. 12. Dollar DiplomacyDollar Diplomacy  Using the US government to guaranteeUsing the US government to guarantee loans made to foreign countries by USloans made to foreign countries by US banks and businessesbanks and businesses  Economic imperialismEconomic imperialism  US banks were in control of manyUS banks were in control of many businesses in Latin Americabusinesses in Latin America  US said it was needed to keep EuropeanUS said it was needed to keep European powers out of Latin Americapowers out of Latin America  ““Substituting dollars for bullets”Substituting dollars for bullets”
  13. 13. President Woodrow WilsonPresident Woodrow Wilson  Practiced “missionary diplomacy”Practiced “missionary diplomacy”  US would not recognize any government thatUS would not recognize any government that was oppressive, undemocratic and hostilewas oppressive, undemocratic and hostile toward the UStoward the US  Mexican government was overthrown byMexican government was overthrown by General Victoriano HuertaGeneral Victoriano Huerta  Wilson refused to recognize “a government ofWilson refused to recognize “a government of butchers”butchers”  Wilson practiced “watchful waiting” in dealingWilson practiced “watchful waiting” in dealing with Huertawith Huerta
  14. 14. President Woodrow WilsonPresident Woodrow Wilson  US took over the Mexican port of VeracruzUS took over the Mexican port of Veracruz after Huerta arrested some Americans sailorsafter Huerta arrested some Americans sailors  War was extremely close until Argentina,War was extremely close until Argentina, Brazil and Chile stepped in and tried to settleBrazil and Chile stepped in and tried to settle conflictconflict  Huerta rejected the plan but his governmentHuerta rejected the plan but his government collapsed shortly thereaftercollapsed shortly thereafter  Venustiano Carranza became PresidentVenustiano Carranza became President  Wilson recognized his governmentWilson recognized his government
  15. 15. Pancho VillaPancho Villa  At first was pro-American but soon changedAt first was pro-American but soon changed after President Carranza asked US to controlafter President Carranza asked US to control Mexican minesMexican mines  Killed dozens of US citizens on two differentKilled dozens of US citizens on two different occasions(once on US soil)occasions(once on US soil)  President Wilson ordered General JohnPresident Wilson ordered General John Pershing(and 15,000 troops) to go into MexicoPershing(and 15,000 troops) to go into Mexico and capture Villaand capture Villa  Eventually, the Mexican Army clashed withEventually, the Mexican Army clashed with Pershing’s forcesPershing’s forces  By 1917, both sides backed down(WWI)By 1917, both sides backed down(WWI)
  16. 16. QuestionsQuestions  How do think Latin American countriesHow do think Latin American countries viewed the United States at this time?viewed the United States at this time? Why?Why?  Why did the US intervene in Latin AmericaWhy did the US intervene in Latin America all the time?all the time?  Give examples of “big stick diplomacy”,Give examples of “big stick diplomacy”, “dollar diplomacy” and “moral diplomacy”.“dollar diplomacy” and “moral diplomacy”.
  17. 17. President McKinley’s AssassinationPresident McKinley’s Assassination  Killed by LeonKilled by Leon Czolgosz(Cholgosh)Czolgosz(Cholgosh)  He was an anarchistHe was an anarchist that wanted all leader tothat wanted all leader to be wiped outbe wiped out  Hoped to promote theHoped to promote the anarchist movementanarchist movement  Last statement: "I killedLast statement: "I killed the President becausethe President because he was the enemy ofhe was the enemy of the good people-thethe good people-the good working people. Igood working people. I am not sorry for myam not sorry for my crime."crime."

×