The progressive era


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The progressive era

  1. 1. State Standards 7.3, 7.6, and 7.9
  2. 2. Progressivism Progressivism  A reform movement focused on improving living conditions, education, working conditions, stopping political corruption, and gain women the right to vote  Populist Party
  3. 3. Progressivism. Three Progressive Presidents 1. Teddy Roosevelt 2. William Howard Taft 3. Woodrow Wilson
  4. 4. Economic Reforms Theodore Roosevelt  Hates big business and its impact on the government  Sherman Anti-Trust Act  Take legal action against the country’s largest corporations  “The trustbuster”  Conservation of natural resources  Protection of wildlife
  5. 5. Economic Reforms. William Howard Taft  Sixteenth Amendment  Allowed Congress to levy income taxes
  6. 6. Economic Reforms.. Woodrow Wilson  Focused on labor and business  “New Freedom”  Tariff reform and rules for banks  Federal Reserve Act  Set up the Federal Reserve Banking System  Regulates the nations money supply
  7. 7. Economic Reforms… Woodrow Wilson  Clayton Antitrust Act  Used to break fight against big business  Keating-Owen Child Labor Act  Forbade the sale of products made by children across state lines
  8. 8. Muckrakers Muckrakers  Writers who attempted to expose abuses in business and corruption in politics by using their writing  Very important to the Progressive Movement  Their work helped educate the public about changes needed
  9. 9. Muckrakers. Ida Tarbell  History of the Standard Oil Company  Brought the company’s monopoly to light and eventually led to a government antitrust suit against the company
  10. 10. Muckrakers.. Upton Sinclair  The Jungle  Told of unsafe and unsanitary conditions in meat processing plants  Causes public uproar  Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906  Mandated safe and sanitary conditions for food preparation and packing  Food and Drug Administration (FDA)  Put regulations on food and medicines
  11. 11. Political Reform “Wisconsin Idea”  Proposed to use University professors to study problems and recommend solutions Leads to the 17th Amendment  Allowed for the direct election by the people of senators on a national level Oregon System  Leads to the direct election of senators and a process with which to recall them
  12. 12. Women’s Suffrage (Giving women the right to vote) Seneca Falls Convention  Declaration of Sentiments  Drew upon the Declaration of Independence to articulate women’s rights National Suffrage Leagues  Elizabeth Cady Stanton  Susan B. Anthony  Lucy Stone  Worked through suffrage leagues to securing the right to vote for women
  13. 13. Women’s Suffrage. Alice Paul  Mass Marches  Hunger Strikes  Used to demonstrate against a government that did not allow half of its population to vote
  14. 14. Women’s Suffrage.. Tennessee  “The Perfect 36”  Nineteenth Amendment  35 states had ratified this amendment to give women the right to vote  Tennessee was not one of them  If Tennessee ratified the amendment it would become the perfect 36th state  Governor Albert H. Roberts  Holds an assembly to vote on the amendment
  15. 15. Women’s Suffrage... Tennessee  Tennessee was the deciding state for Women’s Suffrage  If Tennessee ratified the amendment then it would become law  Harry Burn  Legislator who vote to pass the amendment because his mom told him to Results in Tennessee giving women the right to vote
  16. 16. Women’s Suffrage…. Female Leaders in Progressive Era  Women’s Trade Union League  Lobbied for the 18th amendment  Prohibition- stop the sale of alcohol
  17. 17. Settlement Houses Hull House  Jane Addams  Formed to help immigrants and the poor “settle into” American culture Henry Street Settlement  Lillian Wald  New York’s lower east side  Taught immigrant women about health and hygiene
  18. 18. The Great Migration Population Shift  Employment opportunities were opened in the North  African Americans leave the south for the North  Nearly half a million African Americans migrated north between 1916 and 1919
  19. 19. Urban areas during this time periodNew YorkChicagoBostonNorth East!
  20. 20. African American Cultural Figures W.E.B. Du Bois  Founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)  Black Nationalist Policy  Believed African Americans should stay independent of white Americans Booker T. Washington  Assimilation of blacks into white culture  Believed African Americans should be worked into white American culture  “Cast Down Your Bucket Where You Are Speech” Marcus Garvey  Segregationist policies and revolutionary tactics