Populists progressives

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  • Video: Discovery Education “Birth of the Populist Party” (A Segment of: Just the Facts: The Emergence of Modern America: The Gilded Age) (2:21)
  • Read American Lives: Mary Elizabeth LeaseTaking a Stand for Farmers’ Rights, and then discuss questions.
  • Read Primary Source: from William Jennings Bryan’s “Cross of Gold” speech, and then complete Activity Options #1.
  • A map showing the electoral votes in the 1896 election. Although Bryan campaigned tirelessly, carrying the popular and electoral votes for the Democrats (shown in green) in every state where the Alliances and the Populist Party were strong, the populous eastern states won the election (by 67 percent of the electoral vote) for McKinley, who became the nation's 25th president.
  • Video: Discovery Education Progressives' ProgramsA Segment of: America in the 20th Century: The Progressive Era (5:35)
  • Populists progressives

    1. 1. Populists & Progressives<br />
    2. 2. Essential Question<br />To what extent did the populists and progressives achieve their goals?<br />
    3. 3. Farmers and the Populist Movement<br />Chapter 5, Section 3<br />Video<br />
    4. 4. Mary Elizabeth Lease<br />
    5. 5. Farmers Unite to Address Common Problems<br />
    6. 6. What economic problems did many farmers face during the late 1800s?<br />Vicious cycle<br />
    7. 7. What economic problems did many farmers face during the late 1800s?<br />Good farm land becomes scarce<br />Bank foreclose on mortgages<br />Railroads charging excessive prices for shipping and storage<br />
    8. 8. Why did farmers favor “cheap money”?<br />Retired“greenbacks”<br />Less $ in circulation<br />Paid back loans with $ worth more than $ they borrowed<br />Crop prices falling<br />1867-1887 bushel wheat fell from $2.00 to $0.68<br />Banks foreclosing on mortgages<br />
    9. 9. How did farmers try to address their problems and grievances?<br />The Patrons of Husbandry (The Grange)<br />Oliver Hudson Kelley<br />Opposed banks, railroads<br />Supported political candidates<br />Originally supposed to be social organization<br />
    10. 10. How did farmers try to address their problems and grievances?<br />Farmers Alliances<br />Included those who sympathized with farmers<br />These organizations represented the PEOPLE not money<br />
    11. 11. The Rise and fall of Populism<br />
    12. 12. PopulismMovement of the People<br />Born with founding of Populist Party in 1892<br />Fought for rights of farmers and laborers and battled railroad companies<br />Represented a third political party<br />
    13. 13. What reforms did the Populist Party promote?<br />Economic Reforms<br /><ul><li>Increase in money supply
    14. 14. Graduated income tax
    15. 15. Federal loan program</li></ul>Governmental Reforms<br /><ul><li>Direct election of senators by popular vote
    16. 16. Single terms for President and VP
    17. 17. Secret ballot to end voter fraud
    18. 18. Restrictions on immigration</li></li></ul><li>What reforms did the Populist Party promote?<br />Economic Reforms<br /><ul><li>Increase in money supply
    19. 19. Graduated income tax
    20. 20. Federal loan program</li></ul>Governmental Reforms<br /><ul><li>Direct election of senators by popular vote
    21. 21. Single terms for President and VP
    22. 22. Secret ballot to end voter fraud
    23. 23. Restrictions on immigration</li></li></ul><li>What were the causes and consequences of the Panic of 1893?<br />Causes<br />Railroads went bankrupt<br />Government gold supply running thin<br />People panicked and traded money for gold<br />Consequences<br />Wall Street stocks fell<br />By end of year, 15,000 businesses & 500 banks collapsed<br />3 million jobs lost<br />5% of the population<br />Today 9.1% unemployed<br />
    24. 24. Why did the Populist movement collapse?Argument over which metal would be basis of money system<br />Gold Bugs<br />Silverites<br />Republicans<br />Bankers, businessmen, city people<br />Gold Standard<br />$ backed only by gold<br />Effects: <br />Less $ in circulation<br />Prices fall<br />Value of $ increases<br />1896 Presidential Nominee<br />William McKinley<br />Democrats & Populists<br />Farmers and Laborers<br />Bimetallism<br />$ backed by gold & silver<br />Effects:<br />More $ in circulation<br />Prices increase<br />Value of $ decreases<br />1896 Presidential Nominee<br />William Jennings Bryan<br />
    25. 25. “Cross of Gold” speech<br />William Jennings Bryan<br />
    26. 26. McKinley vs. Bryan<br />
    27. 27. Why did the Populist movement collapse?<br />McKinley won election of 1896<br />McKinley carried East and Industrial Midwest<br />Bryan carried South and farmers of Midwest<br />Industrial Midwest elected McKinley<br />Populism collapsed<br />
    28. 28. Taking NotesIdentify the causes of the rise of the Populist Party and the effects the party had.<br />Causes<br />?<br />?<br />?<br />Effects<br />?<br />?<br />?<br />
    29. 29. Taking NotesIdentify the causes of the rise of the Populist Party and the effects the party had.<br />Causes<br />Falling prices for crops<br />Inability to repay loans<br />Excessive railroad prices<br />Effects<br />New ideas that later became law<br />Political forum for addressing special interests<br />Message of hope to downtrodden<br />
    30. 30. The Origins of Progressivism<br />Chapter 9, Section 1<br />
    31. 31. Four Goals of Progressivism<br />
    32. 32. What were the four goals of progressivism?<br />Protecting Social Welfare<br />Social Gospel Movement<br />Settlement House Movement<br />YMCA<br />Salvation Army<br />Florence Kelley<br />Advocate for women and children<br />Illinois Factory Act of 1893<br />Prohibited child labor/limited women’s work hrs.<br />
    33. 33. What were the four goals of progressivism?<br />Promoting Moral Improvement<br />Prohibition – 18th Amendment (1919)<br />Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)<br />Became largest woman’s group in nations history<br />Anti Saloon League –“the Church in action against the Saloon”<br />
    34. 34. Carry Nation<br />
    35. 35. What were the four goals of progressivism?<br />Creating Economic Reform<br />Panic of 1893 caused some to question capitalism<br />Eugene V. Debs organized American Socialist Party in 1901<br />Muckrakers<br />Lincoln Steffens, Ida Tarbell, Upton Sinclair<br />Journalists who wrote about corruption in business and public life<br />
    36. 36. Muckrakers<br />Upton Sinclair<br />Ida Tarbell<br />
    37. 37.
    38. 38. What were the four goals of progressivism?<br />Fostering efficiency<br />Faith in experts and scientific principles to make society better<br />Scientific management studies<br />Introduction of assembly lines<br />
    39. 39. How did Prohibition fit into the reform movement?<br />It was believed that alcohol was undermining America morals.<br />18th Amendment<br />
    40. 40. Cleaning Up Local Government<br />
    41. 41. How did natural disasters help launch the movement to reform local government?<br />1900, Galveston, TX – hurricane and tidal wave<br />Adopted the commission idea as a form of government<br />5 member commission of experts in charge of city departments<br />1913, Dayton, OH – flood<br />Adoption of council-manager form of government<br />City council make laws<br />
    42. 42. How did reform mayors clean up their local governments?<br />Hazen Pingree of Detroit, MI<br />Fairer tax structure, lowered fairs for public transportation, rooted out corruption, and set up a system of work relief for unemployed<br />Tom Johnson of Cleveland, OH<br />Converting the utilities to publicly owned enterprises<br />
    43. 43. Reform at the State Level<br />
    44. 44. Robert La Follette“Fighting Bob”<br />Wisconsin governor and US Senator<br />Major target railroads<br />Taxed at same rate as other business property<br />Set up commission to regulate rates<br />Forbade railroads to issue free passes to state officials<br />Led the way in regulating big business and reducing control of big business over state legislators<br />
    45. 45. How did reforms protect children?<br />National Child Labor Committee (1904)<br />Gathered evidence of children working in harsh conditions<br />Keating-Owen Act (1916)<br />Prohibited the transportation across state line of goods produced with child labor<br />1918 – Supreme Court declared act unconstitutional due to inference with states’ rights<br />
    46. 46. How did reform change working conditions?<br />Muller v. Oregon (1908)<br />Limit women to 10 hour work day<br />Bunting v. Oregon (1917)<br />Limit men to 10 hour work day<br />Workers’ compensation<br />Aid the families of workers hurt or killed on the job<br />
    47. 47. What kinds of political reforms took place at the state level?<br />Progressive Era reform legislation provided for increased direct participation in government.<br />Initiative – a bill originated by the people on the ballot<br />Referendum – a vote on the initiative<br />Recall – enabled voters to remove public officials from elected positions by forcing them to face another election<br />The Direct Primary – gave citizens a way to participate in the selection of a presidential candidate<br />Secret Ballot – candidates are selected from a single, uniform ballot<br />
    48. 48. What kinds of political reforms took place at the state level?<br />17th Amendment<br />Ratified 1913<br />Direct election of senators<br />Video<br />
    49. 49. Taking NotesFill in the web with examples of organizations that worked for reform in the areas named.<br />
    50. 50. Taking NotesFill in the web with examples of organizations that worked for reform in the areas named.<br />
    51. 51. Women Lead Reform<br />
    52. 52. How did the opening of women’s colleges help create new opportunities for women?<br />Marriage was no longer a woman’s only alternative.<br />Many applied their skills to social reform<br />
    53. 53. Why were there women leaders in the movements to reform social welfare, public morals, and race relations?<br />The participation of educated women often strengthened the existing reform groups and provided leadership for new ones.<br />
    54. 54. Susan B. Anthony<br /><ul><li>Leading proponent of woman’s suffrage
    55. 55. Founded National Women Suffrage Association (NWSA)
    56. 56. 3 part strategy
    57. 57. State legislatures
    58. 58. Court cases to test 14th Amendment
    59. 59. Pushed for national constitutional amendment</li></li></ul><li>Health and the Environment<br />
    60. 60. What legislation passed during Roosevelt’s presidency protected citizens?<br />Meat Inspection Act (1906)<br />Cleanliness requirements for meatpackers<br />Created federal meat inspection <br />Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)<br />Stopped sale of contaminated food and medicines<br />Truth in labeling<br />
    61. 61. What did Roosevelt do to protect the environment?<br />Conservation<br />Primary concern<br />John Muir – naturalist and writer<br />Set aside 148 million acres of forest reserve<br />Appointed Gifford Pinchot as head of US Forest Service <br />Convinced TR to conserve forests and grazing lands by making them exempt from public sale<br />National Reclamation Act (Newlands Act)<br />Money from sale of public lands in West funded large scale irrigation projects<br />
    62. 62. Roosevelt and Civil Rights<br />
    63. 63. Who was W.E.B. DuBois?<br /><ul><li>Published The Souls of Black Folkin 1903
    64. 64. Advocated higher education of the “talented tenth” of black youth
    65. 65. Only way to progress was to“educate and agitate”
    66. 66. 1909 helped establish NAACP</li></li></ul><li>Wilson Wins Financial Reforms<br />
    67. 67. How did Wilson reform banking?<br />Federal Reserve Act (1913)<br />Decentralized private banking system under federal control<br />12 districts with a regional central bank<br />Issue paper currency in emergency <br />Transfer funds to member banks in trouble<br />
    68. 68. Women Win Suffrage<br />
    69. 69. How did women finally win the vote?<br />Increased activism of local groups<br />The use of bold new strategies to build enthusiasm for the movement<br />The rebirth of the national movement under Carrie Chapman Catt<br />
    70. 70. What was the Nineteenth Amendment?<br />Granted women right to vote (1920)<br />72 years after the Seneca Falls convention in 1848.<br />

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