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Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire
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Ch. 6: The Byzantine Empire

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Note: Quiz on Ch. 5 and 6 on Monday 11/14/2011

Note: Quiz on Ch. 5 and 6 on Monday 11/14/2011

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  • 1. CHAPTER 6 The Byzantine Empire
    • I. Capital City of Constantinople
    • A. Site was chosen for its location
    • 1. Surrounded by water on 3 sides, it was easy to defend
  • 2.  
  • 3.
    • Became a trading center for Europe and Asia
    • 1. Became the richest city in the region
  • 4.
    • C. Technological advances made it an attractive place to live
    • 1. Sewer system kept water clean
    • 2. Hospitals, orphanages, & homes for the elderly improved peoples ’ lives
    • 3. Unemployed people performed public services for food rations
    Home of Anthemius His mansions were turned into a home for the elderly.
  • 5.
    • D. Chariot races entertained everyone
    • 1. Team rivalries sometimes erupted into street violence
  • 6.
    • II. The Reign of Emperor Justinian I
    • A. He ruled from 527 to 565 C.E.
    • B. Chariot race violence brought about a rebellion that destroyed Constantinople
  • 7.
    • C. He rebuilt the city with huge works projects
    • 1. New bridges, public baths, parks, roads, & hospitals
    • 2. New churches, like Hagia Sophia
  • 8.
    • D. Created systematic body of laws, known as Justinian ’s Code
    • 1. Revised ancient Roman laws
    • 2. Gave women right to own property
  • 9. Justinian expanded borders and re-conquered much of old Empire:
  • 10. III. The Eastern Orthodox Church
  • 11.
    • Based on beliefs dating back to Christ
    • Byzantines saw the emperor as both a religious leader and a head of state
    • Church played critical role in peoples ’ daily lives
  • 12.
    • D. Orthodox clergy had ranks, like Catholics
      • Emperor had all religious authority
      • Patriarch of Constantinople was next
      • Other patriarchs were equal to him
      • Bishops served under the patriarchs
      • Priests served under patriarchs and bishops
    • a. Priests could marry, but bishops could not
  • 13.
    • E. Liturgy , or mass, was recited by both priests and worshippers
    • 1. Worshippers prayed to many saints
    a. Saint Basil promoted charity work b. Saint Cyril created the Cyrillic alphabet
  • 14. Cyrillic Alphabet:
  • 15.
    • 2. Icons were a common feature of the Orthodox churches
    • a. Christ the Pantocrator (ruler of all)
    • b. Mary, the mother of Jesus
    • c. Icons helped bring Orthodox Christians closer to God
  • 16.
    • IV. Conflict between Eastern and Western Churches
    • A. Eastern (Orthodox) Christianity was influenced by Greek heritage & customs
    • 1. Language of Constantinople was Greek
  • 17.
    • B. Western (Roman Catholic) Christianity was influenced by Frankish & Germanic cultures
    • 1. Latin was the common language
  • 18.
    • C. Popes emerged as powerful figures in the west
    • D. The Orthodox Church resisted the popes ’ claims of religious authority
    • E. Three disagreements led to final split
  • 19.
    • 1. Emperor Leo III banned icons from Byzantine churches, angering pope
  • 20.
    • 2. Pope Leo III named Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, angering the Byzantines, who already had named Empress Irene
  • 21.
    • 3. In 1054 C.E., Patriarch Cerularius ordered the closing of all Byzantine Churches still using western rites
  • 22.
    • a. Pope Leo IX issued a papal bull , ordering Cerularius to be excommunicated
    b. Schism (split) became permanent

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