The Byzantine Empire


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The Byzantine Empire

  1. 1. THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE AND RUSSIA <ul><li>Identify the factors that contributed to the growth and strenght of the Byzantine Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain How the Christian Church came to be divided. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the factors that contributed to the downfall of the Byzantine Empire </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Growth of the Byzantine Empire <ul><li>The Byzantine Empire hoped to revive the glory and power of the Roman Empire. The emperor Justinian ruled from 527 a.d.- a.d. led this revival. </li></ul><ul><li>The Justinian Code </li></ul>1st part The Code contains useful Roman laws 2nd part The Digest summarized Roman legal opinions 3rd part The Institutes was a guide for law students 4th part The Novellae contained laws passed after 534 a.d.
  3. 3. <ul><li>One of Justinian’s advisers was his wife, Theodora. </li></ul><ul><li>Justinian changed Byzantine law to give greater benefit to women, which allowed Christian women to own property equal to the value of their dowry. </li></ul><ul><li>Justinian’s troops defeated rebels called the Nika Revolt. </li></ul><ul><li>Justinian made Belisarius general of the army. </li></ul><ul><li>During Justinian’s reign the Byzantine Empire reached its greatest size. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Identifying Cause and Effect <ul><li>What effects did the political and legal ideas in Justinian’s Code have on Byzantine and other Societies? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you believe that having a good or bad wife will help you to take good or bad decisions? Explain your answer. </li></ul><ul><li>What are the Law Code good for? Why we use these system? Explain your answer. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Strengths of the Empire Emperor + Government ruled the Empire Government officials were skilled, effecient and well paid Emperors created alliances through marriage with foreign powers. The Byzantines built a strong army, equiped with a chemical Weapons “ Greek fire “ East = richest part of the Roman Empire Constantinople was strategically located where Europe meets Asia
  6. 6. Constantinople was strategically located where Europe meets Asia Constantinople looked over the Bosporus Strait, this allowed the Byzantines to control the sea trade routes between Asia and Europe Goods from as far away as Scandinavia and China Imperial Taxes Income to pay soldiers, government officials and to build magnificent public buildings
  7. 7. <ul><li>Growth of the Byzantine Empire, 526 This map shows the extent of the Byzantine Empire c. 526. At this time, the Byzantine Empire encompassed the lands of the eastern Mediterranean, which were ruled from the capital of Constantinople. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>       Growth of the Byzantine Empire, 1050 This map shows the decline of the Byzantine Empire from 565 to 1050. After Justinian’s death, internal conflicts and invasions by Germanic, Slavic, and Persian forces led to the loss of much of the territory Justinian had conquered. By 1050 the empire was only a shadow of its former self. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Making Generalizations <ul><li>What kind of government did the Byzantine Empire have? </li></ul><ul><li>Why Constantinople was strategic located? Explain your answer. </li></ul><ul><li>Why emperors created alliances through marriage? </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Christian Church <ul><li>Debate between the opponets and defenders of icons (Iconoclastic Controversy) </li></ul><ul><li>Council decided it was heresy not to allow the veneration of icons. </li></ul><ul><li>Excommunication </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Christian Church MAJOR DISAGREEMENTS BETWEEN THE ROMAN CATHOLIC AND EASTERN ORTHODOX CHURCHES ROMAN CATHOLIC Western Part Eastern Orthodox Eastern part CLERGY No married priest allowed Married priest allowed ICONS Veneration accepted Veneration initially rejected, later accepted LEADERSHIPS Roman pope was supreme church authority Reject supremacy of Roman pope over local leaders TRINITY Accepted the view that the Holy Spirit combines both Father and Son Maintained supremacy of the Father in the Trinity
  12. 12. Drawing Inferences <ul><li>How did the council of bishops in Rome feel about Byzantine views of Christianity? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you believe in icons? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think we became catholic? </li></ul><ul><li>What would happen if we were conquered by another culture? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Byzantine Culture <ul><li>Constantinople was the center of a great civilization. </li></ul><ul><li>Scholars produced many orginal works, they passed on to future generations the learnings of ancient Greece, Rome and the East. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>ART </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion was the main subject of the Byzantine art. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Murals and icons covered the walls, floors and ceilings of churches. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Floors, walls and arches glowed with mosaics. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspire in religious figures. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>ARCHITECTURE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World’s great buildings the church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Devoted a great deal of money and energy, completely in about 6 years. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Hagia Sophia was completed in a.d. 537. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. The Decline of the Empire <ul><li>Justinian Died a.d.565 </li></ul><ul><li>WEST EAST </li></ul><ul><li>-Byzantine emperor asked the - War with the Persians </li></ul><ul><li>West. -Lombards settled in Italy </li></ul><ul><li>- Ottoman Turks -Muslim Empired </li></ul><ul><li>conquered Syria, </li></ul><ul><li>Palestine, and North </li></ul><ul><li>Africa. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Section 1 Review <ul><li>1. Define and Explain the significance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dowry: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Icon: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iconoclasts: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heresy: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excommunication: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mosaic: </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>2. Identify and explain the significance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Justinian Code: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theodora: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Justinian: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Belisarius: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greek Fire: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iconoclastic Controversy: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cyril and Methodius: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hagia Sophia: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ottoman Turks: </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. 3. Comparing and Contrasting Eastern Christian Church Western Chistian Church