Jews and theReconquistaThe “Recapturing” of the Iberian Penninsula
Iberian PeninsulaSometimes called Iberia, is located in theextreme southwest of Europe andincludes the modern-day sovereignstates of Spain, Portugal and Andorra, aswell as the British Overseas Territory ofGibraltar. It is the westernmost of thethree major southern Europeanpeninsulas
The ReconquistaA period of almost 800 years (539 years in Portugal) in theMiddle Ages during which several Christian kingdoms succeededin retaking the Muslim-controlled areas of the Iberian Peninsula
Jigsaw reading activity1. Iberian Jews Under Muslim RuleHow did Jews live under Muslim Rule?2. Jews Come Under Christian RuleWhat impact did the fight between the Christians and theMuslims over control of Iberia have on the Jews?3. The Spanish InquisitionWhat was the Inquisition? Was it a good or bad thing?4. Jews Are Forced to Leave IberiaWhat was the lasting impact of the Reconquista on Jewishculture?
Timeline ActivityFollow these steps to create a timeline.1. Draw a timeline, and title it “Jews and the Reconquista.” Label theendpoints of your timeline “700 c.e.” and “1600 c.e.” 2. Place thefollowing events on the timeline. On your timeline, write the date andthe label for each event. Then add a two- or three-sentence captiondescribing what effects the event had on the Jews of Iberia.• 711 Muslims invade Iberia• 1085 Christian armies capture Toledo• 1348 An outbreak of the Black Death hits the Iberian Peninsula• 1479 King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella unite kingdoms of Aragonand Castile• 1492 Spain conquers Granada• 1497 Portugal expels Jews• 1536 Portugal establishes the Inquisition