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Topic.03 The War For Independence, Revolution In America
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Topic.03 The War For Independence, Revolution In America


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Topic.03 The War for Independence

Topic.03 The War for Independence

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  • 1. United States History Topic 03: The War for Independence, Revolution in America Mr. Michael Meechin Celebration High School Social Science Dept.
  • 2. Causing Trouble
    • In 1774, the 1 st Continental Congress (CC) met in Philadelphia, PA;
      • The CC was held in response to the Intolerable Acts, composed of reps. from all but Georgia;
      • There were differences between the colonies still ;
        • The South wanted a boycott;
        • The Mid-Atlantic wanted a political solution;
        • The North wanted independence…
  • 3. Causing Trouble
    • The CC decided to enact a non-importation policy;
      • Colonists who violated the mandatory policy would be punished;
      • Merchants would have their business published in the newspaper if found violating the non-importation act;
      • If they continued to violate the policy they would loose their business…
  • 4. Causing Trouble
    • Tom Paine’s Common Sense , became the most popular pamphlet in the American colonies;
      • Paine disposed the idea of the Divine Rights of King;
      • John Adams denounced Paine ;
        • He said that Paine’s plan was too democratic;
        • Adams did not believe that every person should have a say in gov’t…
  • 5. Representation Are we represented in our government? 1
  • 6.  
  • 7. No Government?
    • In the winter of 1975, British colonial gov’ts begin to collapse;
      • When the people no longer respect the gov’t, that gov’t will fail ;
      • Patriots began to elect their own gov’t officials;
      • Colonists will begin to organize militias in all the colonies;
      • If you had asked however, most would have said they were still loyal to the king…
  • 8. A Kind of Revolution
    • The American victory over the British was made possible by the existence of an already armed people;
      • Just about every white male had a gun, and could shoot;
      • Slavery got in the way in the South ;
      • South Carolina’s militia was busy keeping slaves from rebelling;
      • Excluded from the militia were friendly Indians, free blacks, white servants, and free white men who had no stable home…
  • 9. Conscription
    • CT will be the first to pass a law that requires all males between 16 and 60 to serve in the militia;
      • Omitted were gov’t officials, ministers, Yale students and faculty, blacks, Native Americans, and mulattos;
      • Men could get out of service by paying 5 pounds…
  • 10. Conscription
    • If a soldier stepped out of line, they would receive not one but 30 to 40 lashes ;
      • For pay soldiers received $6.60 per month;
      • Colonel received $75.00 per month;
    2 Do we have the draft in the US now?
  • 11. Fall Out of Line, I Dare You “ A smaller mutiny took place in the New Jersey line, involving two hundred men who defied their officers… the three ringleaders were tried, one was pardoned and two were shot by firing squads made up of their friends, who wept as they pulled the triggers. It was an ‘example’ Washington said.” 2 In the United States Military, could this still happen today?
  • 12. No!
    • The British response to the 1 st CC was firm;
      • The Brits declared the CC illegal and they will draw a line in the sand;
      • You either listen to Parliament, or you are in rebellion;
      • Boston is held responsible for the actions of the colonies and the CC ;
        • They will be penalized with a colonial blockade;
        • British Gen. Gage will try to seize militia weapons in Concord…
  • 13. The Shot Heard Round’ the World
    • Gen. Gage passes through Lexington on his way to Concord;
      • In Lexington he encounters militia, weapons are fired on both sides;
      • 8 militia are killed in the action;
      • Militia are active in the response ;
        • On the way back to Boston 273 British soldiers are sniped from the roadside;
        • This drawn out action becomes known as the Battle of Lexington and Concord…
  • 14. Action in Boston
    • When Gage returns to Boston, militia begin to surround the city;
      • The colonials take Breed’s and Bunker Hill;
      • Always take the high ground in battle;
      • The British will take the hill (Breed’s) back in the Battle of Bunker Hill;
      • The British will loose 1000 men in the battle…
  • 15. Let’s Give It a Second Try
    • Meanwhile, in Philadelphia, the Second CC is meeting;
      • They receive letters from the Massachusetts Convention that fighting had begun;
      • They ask the Congress to take control of the forces and create an Army;
      • An Army needs a leader, they Congress will find one in George Washington…
  • 16. George Washington
    • George Washington was in his 40s when he takes command of the Continental Army;
      • He was one of the most impressive people of his time…
  • 17. We’re Not Ready
    • The 2 nd CC decides they are not ready for independence;
      • The Congress creates an army, but yet wants to avoid violence;
      • Congress creates the Olive Branch Petition ;
        • Cease fire in Boston
        • Repeal of the Intolerable Acts
        • Negotiate with the King
  • 18. Extra, Extra!
    • The news of the Bunker Hill casualties had reached London;
      • The British people were outraged at the violence;
      • Even if the King had wanted to do nothing; he could not;
      • In August 1775, King George declares all of the colonies in a state of rebellion…
  • 19. It Is In Your Head
    • The problem is this; the colonies had a psychological barrier to independence;
      • Independence = fear and uncertainty;
      • The colonists did not think the King was bad ;
      • Thinking was that Parliament was filled with evil, corrupt men ;
        • The colonists were wrong; the King was behind the people…
  • 20. 1776
    • In 1776, the need for independence rises greatly with increased violence;
      • The colonies needed foreign help to fund their efforts;
      • They will find it from France [ they still had a bad taste in their mouth from loosing Canada ];
      • Not all of the colonies will declare independence at the same time;
      • In June, Thomas Jefferson is selected to create a declaration, the Declaration of Independence…
  • 21. The Declaration of Independence When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, --That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government. 3
  • 22. At Tough Fight
    • The reality for the British was that the American Revolution was a tough fight for them;
      • Not only would they have to win the fight, but convince the people of the colonies they were wrong;
      • The French join the fight and lend the colonies hard currency ;
        • The colonies had tried to print paper money;
        • This was not sufficient to fund the Cont. Army, the French money was…