CH 5: Toward Independence<br />When is it necessary for citizens to rebel against their government?<br />
What is happening in this picture? How might this be related to the topic of this chapter?<br />
Introduction<br />Read pg. 87 and then answer the questions below.<br />What news were Patriots waiting for?<br />What are...
Before 1763<br />
What brought the colonists?<br /><ul><li>Cheap land
Religious Tolerance
Economic Opportunity
Self-government!</li></li></ul><li>Colonial Assemblies<br />Each colony elected its own assembly.<br />Assemblies had the ...
Ohio Valley Conflict<br />1754: French build Fort Duquesne in the Ohio Valley (modern day Pittsburgh)<br />1754: Washingto...
French & Indian War<br /><ul><li>Struggle between France and Great Britain for territory and power.
American Indians side with French.
Lasted 7 years
1759: British troops capture Canada
1763: Britain & France sign peace treaty
France cedes (gives) Canada to England.</li></li></ul><li>Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />One historian wrote:<...
Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
Colonial Law Arguments <br />
Colonial Law Arguments <br />
Colonial Law Arguments <br />
Colonial Law Arguments <br />
Colonial Law Arguments <br />
Colonial Law Arguments <br />
Boston Massacre<br />Who?<br />What?<br />Where? <br />When?<br />Why?<br /><ul><li>Noisy mob & soldiers
Snowballs, rocks, panic, bloody mess
Boston Customs House
March 5, 1770
Massacre or self defense?</li></ul>Did it change anything?<br />The Boston Massacre did not cause new protests against the...
The Tea Act<br />Where did tea come from?<br />Attempt to rescue the British East India Company<br />Gave B.E.I.C. a monop...
The Tea Act<br />For	<br />It will lower the cost of tea in the colonies. <br />It will keep the British East India Compan...
The Boston Tea Party<br />
The British Response<br />“I tried to help the colonists. I gave them cheap tea! <br />And what did they do? <br />They th...
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Towards Revolution

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Lecture on causes of the American Revolution for grade 8 US History.

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Towards Revolution

  1. 1. CH 5: Toward Independence<br />When is it necessary for citizens to rebel against their government?<br />
  2. 2. What is happening in this picture? How might this be related to the topic of this chapter?<br />
  3. 3. Introduction<br />Read pg. 87 and then answer the questions below.<br />What news were Patriots waiting for?<br />What are Loyalists?<br />Why did Great Britain tax the colonies?<br />
  4. 4. Before 1763<br />
  5. 5. What brought the colonists?<br /><ul><li>Cheap land
  6. 6. Religious Tolerance
  7. 7. Economic Opportunity
  8. 8. Self-government!</li></li></ul><li>Colonial Assemblies<br />Each colony elected its own assembly.<br />Assemblies had the power to:<br />Pass laws<br />Create taxes<br />Decide how to spend tax money<br />Americans had more freedom to run their own affairs than ordinary people in any country in Europe!<br />
  9. 9. Ohio Valley Conflict<br />1754: French build Fort Duquesne in the Ohio Valley (modern day Pittsburgh)<br />1754: Washington and his men open fire on a French scouting party in the Ohio Valley. <br />This event begins the French & Indian War. <br />Virginia militia led by, 22 yr. old volunteer, George Washington<br />
  10. 10. French & Indian War<br /><ul><li>Struggle between France and Great Britain for territory and power.
  11. 11. American Indians side with French.
  12. 12. Lasted 7 years
  13. 13. 1759: British troops capture Canada
  14. 14. 1763: Britain & France sign peace treaty
  15. 15. France cedes (gives) Canada to England.</li></li></ul><li>Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />One historian wrote:<br />“he was very stupid, really stupid.”<br />Known for being proud & stubborn.<br />Determined to take charge of the colonies. <br />King George III crowned in 1760<br />
  16. 16. Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
  17. 17. Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
  18. 18. Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
  19. 19. Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
  20. 20. Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
  21. 21. Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
  22. 22. Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
  23. 23. Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
  24. 24. Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
  25. 25. Early British Actions in the Colonies<br />
  26. 26. Colonial Law Arguments <br />
  27. 27. Colonial Law Arguments <br />
  28. 28. Colonial Law Arguments <br />
  29. 29. Colonial Law Arguments <br />
  30. 30. Colonial Law Arguments <br />
  31. 31. Colonial Law Arguments <br />
  32. 32. Boston Massacre<br />Who?<br />What?<br />Where? <br />When?<br />Why?<br /><ul><li>Noisy mob & soldiers
  33. 33. Snowballs, rocks, panic, bloody mess
  34. 34. Boston Customs House
  35. 35. March 5, 1770
  36. 36. Massacre or self defense?</li></ul>Did it change anything?<br />The Boston Massacre did not cause new protests against the British government, and the repeal of the Townshend Acts led to a period of calm in the colonies.<br />
  37. 37. The Tea Act<br />Where did tea come from?<br />Attempt to rescue the British East India Company<br />Gave B.E.I.C. a monopoly (complete control)<br />Tea Act lowered the cost of tea. <br />Even taxed tea was cheaper than smuggled tea.<br />
  38. 38. The Tea Act<br />For <br />It will lower the cost of tea in the colonies. <br />It will keep the British East India Company from going bankrupt.<br />Against<br />Still another type of tax.<br />Put other tea merchants out of work.<br />It will create a monopoly of the tea trade. <br />It will cause colonists to worry that the British government will try to control other trades.<br />
  39. 39. The Boston Tea Party<br />
  40. 40. The British Response<br />“I tried to help the colonists. I gave them cheap tea! <br />And what did they do? <br />They threw it into the sea! <br />This time they have gone too far.”<br />The issue is no longer about taxes. Now it is about Great Britain’s control over the colonies. <br />Lord North<br />Prime Minister of England<br />(1770-1782)<br />
  41. 41. The Intolerable Acts<br />
  42. 42. The Intolerable Acts<br />
  43. 43. The Intolerable Acts<br />
  44. 44. The Intolerable Acts<br />
  45. 45. The Intolerable Acts<br />
  46. 46. The Colonies Unite<br />“We will abandon our city to flames before paying a penny for lost tea!”<br />Other colonies rush to support the Bostonians. <br />Virginia declares:<br />“An attack made on one of our sister colonies is an attack made on all of British America.”<br />Boston Patriots<br />“Sons of Liberty”<br />
  47. 47. Colonists Take Action<br />Merchants in other colonies <br />closed their shops to oppose treatment of colonists in Massachusetts. <br />Virginians called for a meeting of delegates from all the colonies to find a solution.<br />Towns and cities begin organizing their militias to prepare for a fight. <br />Patrick Henry urges colonists to start thinking of themselves as one people: AMERICANS<br />
  48. 48. Lexington and Concord<br />THE SHOT HEARD ‘ROUND THE WORLD<br />
  49. 49. Paul Revere and others warn colonists of the British approach.<br />British troops continue to Concord.<br />British soldiers search for weapons and gunpowder in Concord.<br />Colonists attack British soldiers on the retreat to Boston.<br />
  50. 50. And thus began:<br />The American Revolution<br />

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