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Topic.04 Understanding Our Government

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Topic.04 Understanding Our Government

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Topic.04 Understanding Our Government

  1. 1. United States History Topic 04: Understanding Our Government Mr. Michael Meechin Celebration High School Social Science Dept.
  2. 2. The Branches [ Topic 01: In the Beginning… ] <ul><li>Branches of the United States Government… </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative </li></ul><ul><li>Passes the laws </li></ul><ul><li>Composed of Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Executive </li></ul><ul><li>Carry out the laws </li></ul><ul><li>Presidency </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial </li></ul><ul><li>Enforces the laws </li></ul><ul><li>Court systems </li></ul>
  3. 3. Bicameral? Huh? [ Topic 01: In the Beginning… ] <ul><li>The United States Congress is a bicameral system; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bicameral means two; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US Congress is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We [the people] are represented through our Congress… </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. What about equality? [ Topic 01: In the Beginning… ] <ul><li>Do all of the states have an equal say in Congress? </li></ul><ul><li>In the House: No </li></ul><ul><li>In the Senate: Yes </li></ul>California House 53 Senate 2 Massachusetts House 10 Senate 2
  5. 5. The Voting System [ Topic 01: In the Beginning… ] <ul><li>When United States citizens turn 18 years of age they earn the right to vote in elections; </li></ul><ul><li>Do the people elect the President of the United States? </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Voting System [ Topic 01: In the Beginning… ] <ul><li>The United States holds direct elections for the election of Senators, Representatives, and other offices; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However, for the President we use the Electoral College System; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most US citizens do not understand this system… </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Electoral College [ Topic 01: In the Beginning… ] <ul><li>Because of the Electoral College it is possible to win the popular election and not become President; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We [the people] elect the electors, they in turn elect the President… confusing, huh? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Mr. President, got $20 I can borrow? [ Topic 01: In the Beginning… ] <ul><li>So, how much does the President of the United States of American make per year? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$200,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$450,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$1,000,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$2,000,000 </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Mr. President, got $20 I can borrow? [ Topic 01: In the Beginning… ] <ul><li>Presidential yearly salary: $450,000; </li></ul><ul><li>In addition… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$50,000 expense account </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$100,000 travel account </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$19,000 entertainment account </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Members of the House of Representatives: $162,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Members of the Senate: $180,000 </li></ul>
  10. 10. How Much Money Is… [ Topic 01: In the Beginning… ] <ul><li>$315,000,000,000? </li></ul><ul><li>This is the amount of money that the United States spent in Iraq in 2006; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you were to stack the money in a single stack, your stack would be 19,887 miles tall, enough to wrap the Moon at its equator almost 3 times… </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. How Much Money Is… [ Topic 01: In the Beginning… ] <ul><li>$9,642,627,727,630.02 </li></ul><ul><li>This is the national debt as of 9.17.2008; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently the national debt grows at a rate of $1.79 billion a day; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The current deficit is: $390,000,000,000.00… </li></ul></ul>

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