United States History
                                         The Cold War
                        and the America that d...
Origins of the Cold War

    If you had asked most Americans in 1945 how they felt about
    Russia, they would have respo...
Starting a Cold War

    Just who was to blame for the Cold War depends on how you look
    at it;
         From the Sovie...
Starting a Cold War

    According to the Soviets, America was being too nice to the losing
    countries of Germany and J...
Starting a Cold War

    At the end of WWII, large parts of Europe sat in wait;
        It was up to the United States, Gr...
The Age of the Atom

    Nuclear weapons were another “hot button” issue;
       In 1946, the USSR rejected a US proposal ...
The Formation of the United Nations

    After WWI, the US voted not to join the League of Nations;
    After WWII, the Se...
“Truman Doctrine”

    It became the goal of the United States in the 1950s, to prevent the
    spread of Communism;
     ...
Truman’s “Doctrine”

    The Truman Doctrine was part of an overall strategy of containment
    of communism;
        The ...
Containing Communism

    The Marshall Plan
       The plan provided $12 billion in US aid to 16 countries in
       Weste...
Containing Communism

    The Point Four Program
       This was sort of a junior Marshall Plan;
       Provided $400 mill...
Containing Communism

    NATO; in 1949, the US and 11 Western nations formed the North
    Atlantic Treaty Organization;
...
The Berlin Airlift

     The Soviet Union became upset with all of the “containment” in
     1948;
        The Soviets blo...
Revolution in China

    Mao-Tse-Tung led a Communist revolution in China;

        In 1939, Tung’s party declared the bir...
Soviet Nukes

    In September 1949, President Truman announced that the Soviet
    Union had successfully detonated an at...
The Korean [Policing Action] War

    On June 25, 1950, Communist North Korean forces invaded South
    Korea, beginning a...
Iraq War        3,200
            Gulf War        293
        Vietnam War                 58168
         Korean War       ...
The Korean [Policing Action] War

    The Koreas had been divided in 1945; the communist North and
    free South;
       ...
The Korean [Policing Action] War

    In mid-October, 300,000 Chinese soldiers poured into Korea;
        MacArthur pleade...
The Korean [Policing Action] War

    Gen. Douglas MacArthur was later removed from his
    command, after he defied Presi...
Bay of Pigs Invasion

     In 1959, Fidel Castro toppled the Batista government in Cuba;
         According to Castro, he ...
Bay of Pigs Invasion

     The following year the Soviet Union provided the Cuban gov’t with
     $100 million in credit –...
Bay of Pigs Invasion

     April 1961, the United States launched an invasion of Cuba, known
     as the Bay of Pigs Invas...
Cuban Missile Crisis

     October 1962, the United States and the Soviet Union went eyeball
     to eyeball: we were at t...
Cuban Missile Crisis

     President Kennedy decided to impose a naval blockade on Cuba;

         The situation was tense...
Cuban Missile Crisis

     The Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev was willing to negotiate;
        In return for removing th...
Cuban Missile Crisis

     Following the Cuban Missile Crisis, Cold War tensions began to ease
     up;

     In 1963, the...
Topic.15 The Cold War And The America That Dealt With It
Topic.15 The Cold War And The America That Dealt With It
Topic.15 The Cold War And The America That Dealt With It
Topic.15 The Cold War And The America That Dealt With It
Topic.15 The Cold War And The America That Dealt With It
Topic.15 The Cold War And The America That Dealt With It
Topic.15 The Cold War And The America That Dealt With It
Topic.15 The Cold War And The America That Dealt With It
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Topic.15 The Cold War And The America That Dealt With It

  1. 1. United States History The Cold War and the America that dealt with it Mr. Michael Meechin Celebration High School Social Science Dept.
  2. 2. Origins of the Cold War If you had asked most Americans in 1945 how they felt about Russia, they would have responded with warm and fuzzy statements about our brave ally against the horror of Hitler; Ask them in 1950, or 1955, or 1960, however, and you would have likely received a very different answer…
  3. 3. Starting a Cold War Just who was to blame for the Cold War depends on how you look at it; From the Soviet perspective, America hadn’t suffered nearly as much during WWII; It was the only country with the atomic bomb [at least until 1949]; Both of these factors made the US too powerful to be trusted…
  4. 4. Starting a Cold War According to the Soviets, America was being too nice to the losing countries of Germany and Japan; The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics [USSR] was determined to surround itself with countries that would not be a threat to it in future wars…
  5. 5. Starting a Cold War At the end of WWII, large parts of Europe sat in wait; It was up to the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union to decide upon Europe’s future… Conflict between the US and USSR developed quickly; What to do about Eastern Europe?
  6. 6. The Age of the Atom Nuclear weapons were another “hot button” issue; In 1946, the USSR rejected a US proposal to have an international agency that regulated nuclear energy and production… The USSR believed that the US was trying to establish a monopoly on nuclear weapons; The United States began to prepare its citizens for nuclear attack possibilities…
  7. 7. The Formation of the United Nations After WWI, the US voted not to join the League of Nations; After WWII, the Senate voted 89-2 to join the United Nations… The UN consisted of two main bodies, one being the General Assembly; The GA is where every member has a seat; The other was the Security Council, which has five permanent members – US, Great Britain, USSR, France, and China – and six seats that rotated among other countries; Each of the permanent members could veto any council action…
  8. 8. “Truman Doctrine” It became the goal of the United States in the 1950s, to prevent the spread of Communism; It began in the Mediterranean, where Communist-backed rebels were attacking the Greek and Turkish gov’ts… Speaking before Congress, Truman asked for $400 million to back these gov’ts; Do you believe that the United States should send taxpayer dollars to aid foreign countries?
  9. 9. Truman’s “Doctrine” The Truman Doctrine was part of an overall strategy of containment of communism; The idea was to make countries prosperous enough that they would not be tempted by communism… 1. The Marshall Plan 2. The Point Four Program 3. NATO
  10. 10. Containing Communism The Marshall Plan The plan provided $12 billion in US aid to 16 countries in Western Europe to help them recover from WWII; The Plan was a rousing success…
  11. 11. Containing Communism The Point Four Program This was sort of a junior Marshall Plan; Provided $400 million to underdeveloped countries in Asia, Latin America, and Africa, for developing industry and communications…
  12. 12. Containing Communism NATO; in 1949, the US and 11 Western nations formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization; The countries agreed to come to the aid of any member nation that was attacked and to develop an international security force…
  13. 13. The Berlin Airlift The Soviet Union became upset with all of the “containment” in 1948; The Soviets blockaded the city of Berlin, hoping to drive out the Western countries; Instead of leaving, the Western countries mounted a huge airlift; Shipping food and other supplies over the blockade and into the city; The USSR lifted the blockade in 1949…
  14. 14. Revolution in China Mao-Tse-Tung led a Communist revolution in China; In 1939, Tung’s party declared the birth of the People’s Republic of China; Chiang Kai-Shek and his Nationalist gov’t had to flee to the island of Formosa [modern Taiwan]: this brought China under Communist control…
  15. 15. Soviet Nukes In September 1949, President Truman announced that the Soviet Union had successfully detonated an atomic bomb; Truman at this point permits the US to go ahead with the development of the hydrogen bomb; The successful Soviet test led Americans to believe that the Soviets had been spying on the United States…
  16. 16. The Korean [Policing Action] War On June 25, 1950, Communist North Korean forces invaded South Korea, beginning a three year war between the two countries; President Truman ordered the US to “give the Korean government troops, cover, and support”; The “troops, cover, and support” cost 54,000 US soldiers their lives; over 103,000 were wounded in combat…
  17. 17. Iraq War 3,200 Gulf War 293 Vietnam War 58168 Korean War 33651 World War II 407316 World War I 116708 Spanish-American War 2446 Civil War (Combined) 558052 Mexican War 13283 War of 1812 2260 Revolutionary War 4435 0 100000 200000 300000 400000 500000 600000
  18. 18. The Korean [Policing Action] War The Koreas had been divided in 1945; the communist North and free South; This separation tore over 10 million families apart; The plan was for the United States forces to restore the 38th Parallel, the prewar border; However, the South wanted to counter; in September the pushed into the North, followed by US & UN forces; The United States Marines thought they could end the war in no more than five months; The Chinese, fearing major conflict in their region, threatened troop deployment into Korea, MacArthur thought they were bluffing…
  19. 19. The Korean [Policing Action] War In mid-October, 300,000 Chinese soldiers poured into Korea; MacArthur pleaded for air and naval support to engage the Chinese; The Commander of the Joint Chiefs responded to MacArthur’s request; “A clash with China would be the wrong war, in the wrong place, at the wrong time, and with the wrong enemy”; By March 1951, Seoul was back under the control of the South…
  20. 20. The Korean [Policing Action] War Gen. Douglas MacArthur was later removed from his command, after he defied President Truman and ordered the bombing of Chinese military bases; MacArthur was informed that a peace agreement would be sought; The lessons from Korea: The US thought they The US was It was difficult to could control the committed to ending achieve victory, even It is difficult to fight a South Koreans, in Communism under the best limited war reality it was the worldwide circumstances other way around
  21. 21. Bay of Pigs Invasion In 1959, Fidel Castro toppled the Batista government in Cuba; According to Castro, he had no intentions of building a Communist gov’t in Cuba; Castro informed the United States that any US property taken would be paid for…
  22. 22. Bay of Pigs Invasion The following year the Soviet Union provided the Cuban gov’t with $100 million in credit – for sugar; President Eisenhower vowed that US would not allow a Communist gov’t in the Western Hemisphere; Havana nationalized all banks and commercial property; The United States imposed a trade embargo in response…
  23. 23. Bay of Pigs Invasion April 1961, the United States launched an invasion of Cuba, known as the Bay of Pigs Invasion; The CIA trained anti-Castro forces in Florida and Louisiana; The US-backed forces were defeated in three days; December 1952, the US traded $53 million in medical supplies for over 1,000 invaders…
  24. 24. Cuban Missile Crisis October 1962, the United States and the Soviet Union went eyeball to eyeball: we were at the brink of nuclear war; U2 surveillance photos revealed that Soviet intermediate range ballistic missiles had been installed in Cuba; From the time of the photos, it would take ten days to make the missiles operational; Once fired it would take a missile only five minutes to reach Washington, DC…
  25. 25. Cuban Missile Crisis President Kennedy decided to impose a naval blockade on Cuba; The situation was tense, Soviet ships were steaming toward Cuba; Kennedy knew that if the ships were boarded and cargo seized that the USSR may consider this an act of war…
  26. 26. Cuban Missile Crisis The Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev was willing to negotiate; In return for removing the missiles from Cuba, the United States agreed not to invade Cuba; * The US also had to remove missiles from Turkey…
  27. 27. Cuban Missile Crisis Following the Cuban Missile Crisis, Cold War tensions began to ease up; In 1963, the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union agreed not to test nuclear weapons in our atmosphere, in space, or underwater; The United States also set-up a crisis hotline between Washington, DC and the Kremlin in Moscow…

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