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Topic.07 Putting The Pieces Back Together

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Topic.07 Putting The Pieces Back Together

  1. 1. United States History Topic 07: Putting the Pieces Back Together Mr. Michael Meechin Celebration High School Social Science Dept.
  2. 2. Johnson Takes Office [ Topic 07: Putting the Pieces Back Together ] <ul><li>Andrew Johnson (V.P.) took office following Lincoln’s death; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AJ agreed with Lincoln’s moderate plan to reconstruct the South (in other words, “forgive and forget”); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1865, Johnson issued a new Proclamation of Amnesty… </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Johnson Takes Office [ Topic 07: Putting the Pieces Back Together ] <ul><li>When Congress reconvened; many members were angry that former Confederate officers had been elected, even Alexander Stephens, V.P. of the Confederacy; </li></ul><ul><li>Radical and moderate Republicans voted to reject these new members of Congress… </li></ul>PRESENTATION NOTES MEECHIN’S NOTES
  4. 4. The Black Codes [ Topic 07: Putting the Pieces Back Together ] <ul><li>The new Southern state legislatures passed laws, known as black codes, that limited the rights of African Americans; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Codes varied from state to state, but were intended to keep blacks in a state similar to slavery; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The codes enraged people in the North… </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Radical Republicans Take Control [ Topic 07: Putting the Pieces Back Together ] <ul><li>In 1865, House and Senate Republicans created a joint force to make their own plan for Reconstruction; </li></ul><ul><li>The Civil Rights Act was passed in 1866; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This act gave citizenship to all Americans, except Native Americans… </li></ul></ul>PRESENTATION NOTES MEECHIN’S NOTES
  6. 6. Radical Republicans Take Control [ Topic 07: Putting the Pieces Back Together ] <ul><li>Other than granting citizenship; the Civil Rights Act brought other vital laws to the table; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>African Americans can own property; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. gov’t can sue people who violate civil rights; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>14th Amendment; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No state could deny people “equal protection” under the laws/guarantees due process for all… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sounds like a good plan, no? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Radical Republicans Take Control [ Topic 07: Putting the Pieces Back Together ] <ul><li>Johnson was against the 14th Amendment; </li></ul><ul><li>Congress will pass the Military Reconstruction Act; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Throws AJ’s plan out; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divides the South into five military districts; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southern states had to create new state const. that would be accepted by Congress; then the people could vote… </li></ul></ul>I do not like this plan; I want voters to elect a Congress that will support my plan for Reconstruction… whaaa, whaaa, whaaa…
  8. 8. Radical Republicans Take Control [ Topic 07: Putting the Pieces Back Together ] <ul><li>Sec. of War Edwin Stanton approved the M.R.A.; </li></ul><ul><li>A.J. then fired E.S. – this led to the House of Reps. voting to impeach Johnson; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Senate came up one vote short to convict; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A.J. did not run for re-election… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Congress feared that A.J. would not support the M.R.A.; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congressed passed an addt’l act that required all of the President’s orders to go through the top military officials; </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Radical Republicans Take Control [ Topic 07: Putting the Pieces Back Together ] <ul><li>What freedmen and women wanted above all else was land; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most est. subsistence farms on land that had been abandoned by the Union Army; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However, A.J. returned that land to the rightful owner… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharecropping became the way … </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Radical Republicans Take Control [ Topic 07: Putting the Pieces Back Together ] <ul><li>Planters wanted to restore gang labor; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They wanted black people to work on the plantations with white overseers… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A compromise followed… </li></ul>
  11. 11. Radical Republicans Take Control [ Topic 07: Putting the Pieces Back Together ] <ul><li>Landowners provided 20-50 acres of land suitable for farming for one family; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In exchange, a cabin, supplies, sharecroppers agreed to plant a cash crop and give half to the landlord; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However, the sharecroppers charged very high interest on supplies that were borrowed ( sometimes 70% ) that sharecropping was a system of poverty… </li></ul></ul>

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