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Day 6 Notes Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Federalism: National, State, and Local Powers
    • Day 6
    • TCI Ch6
    • June, 30, 2008
  • 2. Notes - Day 6
    • TCI ch6
    • Essential Question: How does power flow through our federal system of gov’t?
  • 3. Constitutional Division of Powers
    • US first gov’t to use federal system
    • 3 powers in Constitution: expressed, concurrent, and reserved
  • 4. Federal System Expressed Powers Concurrent Powers Reserved Powers
    • Coin money
    • set up postal system
    • maintain military forces
    • declare war
    • regulate interstate and foreign commerce
    • regulate immigration
    • negotiate treaties
    • guarantee civil rights and liberties
    • levy and collect taxes
    • provide for public safety
    • protect public health
    • establish courts
    • punish lawbreakers
    • borrow money
    • construct and maintain roads
    • conduct elections
    • establish local gov’ts
    • establish schools
    • regulate marriage, divorce, adoption
    • regulate intrastate commerce
    • provide fire and police protection
    • enact license requirements
  • 5. Benefits of a Federal System
    • protects against tyranny of the majority
    • promotes unity without imposing uniformity
    • creates “laboratories” for policy experiments
    • encourages political participation
  • 6. Drawbacks of a Federal System
    • lack of consistency between states (problem if unfamiliar laws/diff. req’s)
    • tension between state and federal officials
      • not always clear who is in charge
  • 7. activity?
  • 8. Evolution of Federalism
    • Dual federalism (1790-1933) - clearly delineated responsibilities
    • Cooperative federalism (1933-1960) - national and state gov’ts share some powers
    • Regulated federalism (1960-1970s) - funded and unfunded mandates
    • New federalism (1970s-today) - returning power to the states
  • 9. State Gov’ts in Federal System
    • State constitutions are amended more often than US Constitution (easier to do)
    • California has ____ amendments
  • 10. Role of State Legislatures
    • laws, taxes, budgets
    • apportionment - distribution of seats in US Congress
    • redistricting - redrawing voting districts (10 years - census)
    • gerrymandering - drawing districts to help own party
  • 11. Reaportionment
  • 12. Gerrymandering
  • 13. State Governors
    • chief executive of state - similar to president
    • have the power to:
      • help establish legislature’s agenda
      • prepare state budget
      • veto bills approved by state legislature
      • appoint state officials
      • grant pardons or reduce criminal’s sentence
      • command the state National Guard
  • 14. State Court Systems
    • most cases heard in state courts
    • trial courts - case first heard
    • appeals court - requested to review lowr court ruling
  • 15. Local Gov’ts
    • 3 main types of city gov’ts:
      • mayor-council system
      • commission system
      • council-manager system
  • 16.
    • scan copy of p115