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    Day 6 Notes Day 6 Notes Presentation Transcript

    • Federalism: National, State, and Local Powers
      • Day 6
      • TCI Ch6
      • June, 30, 2008
    • Notes - Day 6
      • TCI ch6
      • Essential Question: How does power flow through our federal system of gov’t?
    • Constitutional Division of Powers
      • US first gov’t to use federal system
      • 3 powers in Constitution: expressed, concurrent, and reserved
    • Federal System Expressed Powers Concurrent Powers Reserved Powers
      • Coin money
      • set up postal system
      • maintain military forces
      • declare war
      • regulate interstate and foreign commerce
      • regulate immigration
      • negotiate treaties
      • guarantee civil rights and liberties
      • levy and collect taxes
      • provide for public safety
      • protect public health
      • establish courts
      • punish lawbreakers
      • borrow money
      • construct and maintain roads
      • conduct elections
      • establish local gov’ts
      • establish schools
      • regulate marriage, divorce, adoption
      • regulate intrastate commerce
      • provide fire and police protection
      • enact license requirements
    • Benefits of a Federal System
      • protects against tyranny of the majority
      • promotes unity without imposing uniformity
      • creates “laboratories” for policy experiments
      • encourages political participation
    • Drawbacks of a Federal System
      • lack of consistency between states (problem if unfamiliar laws/diff. req’s)
      • tension between state and federal officials
        • not always clear who is in charge
    • activity?
    • Evolution of Federalism
      • Dual federalism (1790-1933) - clearly delineated responsibilities
      • Cooperative federalism (1933-1960) - national and state gov’ts share some powers
      • Regulated federalism (1960-1970s) - funded and unfunded mandates
      • New federalism (1970s-today) - returning power to the states
    • State Gov’ts in Federal System
      • State constitutions are amended more often than US Constitution (easier to do)
      • California has ____ amendments
    • Role of State Legislatures
      • laws, taxes, budgets
      • apportionment - distribution of seats in US Congress
      • redistricting - redrawing voting districts (10 years - census)
      • gerrymandering - drawing districts to help own party
    • Reaportionment
    • Gerrymandering
    • State Governors
      • chief executive of state - similar to president
      • have the power to:
        • help establish legislature’s agenda
        • prepare state budget
        • veto bills approved by state legislature
        • appoint state officials
        • grant pardons or reduce criminal’s sentence
        • command the state National Guard
    • State Court Systems
      • most cases heard in state courts
      • trial courts - case first heard
      • appeals court - requested to review lowr court ruling
    • Local Gov’ts
      • 3 main types of city gov’ts:
        • mayor-council system
        • commission system
        • council-manager system
      • scan copy of p115