Parties, Interest Groups, and Public Policy <ul><li>Day 7 </li></ul><ul><li>TCI ch8 </li></ul><ul><li>July 1, 2008 </li></ul>
Day 7 Notes <ul><li>(TCI ch8) </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Question:  Political parties and interest groups: How do they in...
Notes <ul><li>political party - an organization that seeks to achieve power by electing its members to public office </li>...
Political Parties in US <ul><li>parties recruit candidates and support campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>parties help organize e...
Political Parties in US <ul><li>parties are organized at national, state, and local level </li></ul><ul><li>US has a two-p...
Repubs and Dems  <ul><li>see book p145 </li></ul>
Third Parties <ul><li>single-issue party - formed to promote or oppose one issue (Right to Life Party) </li></ul><ul><li>e...
Interest Groups <ul><li>bring together many people for different purposes </li></ul><ul><li>ACLU, NRA, Sierra Club, SADD, ...
Political Action Committees <ul><li>Political action committee (PAC) - organization that raises and distributes funds to c...
PAC influence <ul><li>lobbying - influence public policy by persuading officials to favor or oppose action on an issue </l...
PAC power <ul><li>power comes from: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>size and money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>unity of purpose </li>...
public policy <ul><li>public policy - plan or course of action initiated by gov’t to achieve stated goal </li></ul><ul><li...
public policy <ul><li>4. adoption - putting proposals into action (i.e. legislation) </li></ul><ul><li>5. implementation -...
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Day 7 Notes

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Day 7 Notes

  1. 1. Parties, Interest Groups, and Public Policy <ul><li>Day 7 </li></ul><ul><li>TCI ch8 </li></ul><ul><li>July 1, 2008 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Day 7 Notes <ul><li>(TCI ch8) </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Question: Political parties and interest groups: How do they influence our political decisions? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Notes <ul><li>political party - an organization that seeks to achieve power by electing its members to public office </li></ul><ul><li>interest group - organized group whose members share a common goal and try to promote their interests by influencing gov’t policy and decision making </li></ul>
  4. 4. Political Parties in US <ul><li>parties recruit candidates and support campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>parties help organize elections and inform voters </li></ul><ul><li>parties organize the government </li></ul><ul><li>parties unite diverse interests and make collective action possible </li></ul><ul><li>parties serve as loyal opposition to the political party in power </li></ul>
  5. 5. Political Parties in US <ul><li>parties are organized at national, state, and local level </li></ul><ul><li>US has a two-party system </li></ul>
  6. 6. Repubs and Dems <ul><li>see book p145 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Third Parties <ul><li>single-issue party - formed to promote or oppose one issue (Right to Life Party) </li></ul><ul><li>economic protest party - </li></ul><ul><li>ideological party - formed by people committed to a set of beliefs (Libertarian) </li></ul><ul><li>splinter party - people unhappy with major party (Bull Moose/Dixiecrat) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Interest Groups <ul><li>bring together many people for different purposes </li></ul><ul><li>ACLU, NRA, Sierra Club, SADD, NEA, VFW </li></ul><ul><li>people join for benefits (AARP, AAA) or because agree with groups goals </li></ul>
  9. 9. Political Action Committees <ul><li>Political action committee (PAC) - organization that raises and distributes funds to candidates; donations come from employees or members </li></ul>
  10. 10. PAC influence <ul><li>lobbying - influence public policy by persuading officials to favor or oppose action on an issue </li></ul><ul><li>also: research, litigation, grassroots mobilization </li></ul>
  11. 11. PAC power <ul><li>power comes from: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>size and money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>unity of purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>effective leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>information and expertise </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. public policy <ul><li>public policy - plan or course of action initiated by gov’t to achieve stated goal </li></ul><ul><li>1. issue identification - seeing what needs attention </li></ul><ul><li>2. agenda setting - choosing issue to address </li></ul><ul><li>3. policy formation - deciding what to do </li></ul>
  13. 13. public policy <ul><li>4. adoption - putting proposals into action (i.e. legislation) </li></ul><ul><li>5. implementation - gov’t agency carries out policy </li></ul><ul><li>6. evaluation - assessing the effectiveness of a policy </li></ul>
  14. 14. end of notes

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