Day 2 Notes

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Day 2 Notes

  1. 1. Comparing Forms of Gov’t <ul><li>TCI ch2 </li></ul><ul><li>June 24, 2008 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Day 2 Notes <ul><li>(Write this stuff down) </li></ul><ul><li>(TCI Ch2) </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Question: How should political and economic power be distributed in a society? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Comparing Forms of Gov’t <ul><li>democracy - system of gov’t in which citizens exercise supreme power, acting directly on their own or through elected representatives </li></ul><ul><li>monarchy - single ruler exercises supreme power based on heredity or divine right </li></ul><ul><li>dictatorship - single person or group exercises supreme power by controlling military and police </li></ul>
  4. 4. Origins and Evolution of Gov’t <ul><li>ancient world - city-states - city and its surrounding territory </li></ul><ul><li>Greece - direct democracy - citizens meet and vote on each issue </li></ul><ul><li>Rome - republic - representative democracy - supreme power with people, exercised by representatives </li></ul>
  5. 5. Origins and Evolution of Gov’t <ul><li>middle ages - feudalism - land given to vassals for protection and loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>lord would seek advice from vassals - became parliaments - legislative assemblies in which reps debate and vote on proposed laws </li></ul><ul><li>late middle ages - absolute monarchies </li></ul>
  6. 6. Origins and Evolution of Gov’t <ul><li>some monarchs were despots - tyrants - used power for selfish ends </li></ul><ul><li>people dissatisfied - revolutions </li></ul><ul><li>constitutional monarchies - powers of king are limited by constitution </li></ul><ul><li>constitutional democracy - democratic gov’t based on constitution - Amer. Rev. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Origins and Evolution of Gov’t <ul><li>French Revolution - chaos - Napoleon establishes authoritarian regime - state controls lives of citizens </li></ul><ul><li>totalitarianism - 20th cent - control lives of citizens </li></ul><ul><li>communism - gov’t controls business </li></ul><ul><li>fascism - business remains private </li></ul><ul><li>Nazism - racist fascism </li></ul>
  8. 8. Totalitarianism
  9. 9. Gov’t in Today’s World <ul><li>monarchy - most limited by constitution </li></ul><ul><li>dictatorship - control military </li></ul><ul><li>theocracy - rule by religious leaders (Iran and Vatican City) </li></ul><ul><li>single-party state - one political party rules (communism) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Gov’t in Today’s World <ul><li>parliamentary democracy - voters elect lawmakers, lawmakers elect prime minister (executive) </li></ul><ul><li>presidential democracy - voters choose lawmakers and president (executive) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Distribution of Power <ul><li>unitary system - national/central gov’t has all the power </li></ul><ul><li>federal system - power divided between national and regional governments </li></ul><ul><li>confederal system - power resides in the regions, which are independent states (EU) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Distribution of Power
  13. 13. Economic Systems <ul><li>Economics answers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What to produce? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How should these things be produced? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How should people share the goods and services? </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Factors of Production <ul><li>land - natural resources of a nation </li></ul><ul><li>labor - mental and physical effort </li></ul><ul><li>capital - money or knowledge and skills </li></ul><ul><li>entrepreneurship - people willing to take risks </li></ul>
  15. 15. Economies <ul><li>market economy - relies mainly on markets to determine what goods and services to produce and how to produce them </li></ul><ul><li>traditional economy - decisions about what to produce and how are made on the basis of beliefs, customs, and traditions </li></ul><ul><li>command economy - central gov’t determines what goods and services to produce </li></ul>
  16. 16. Economies <ul><li>mixed economy - economy falls between market and command </li></ul><ul><ul><li>both US and China are mixed economies </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. End of notes <ul><li>constitutional convention in next </li></ul>

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