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The Roots of American Democracy <ul><li>TCI ch3 </li></ul><ul><li>June 25, 2008 </li></ul>
Day 3 - Notes <ul><li>(write this stuff down) </li></ul><ul><li>(TCI ch3) </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Question: What ideas...
Ideas that shaped Colonial views on gov’t <ul><li>colonial thinkers influenced by Judeo-Christian traditions </li></ul><ul...
English Roots  <ul><li>Magna Carta  (1215)- great charter - limited King John’s power (taxation without consent of nobles)...
English Roots  <ul><li>Petition of Right (1628) -  limited gov’t  - powers of gov’t are restricted by constitution (arrest...
English Enlightenment Thinkers <ul><li>Thomas Hobbes - in natural state people war, they enter social contract - obey abso...
French Enlightenment Thinkers <ul><li>Baron de Montesquieu - gov’t should organize to prevent one part from being too powe...
French Enlightenment Thinkers <ul><li>Jean-Jacques Rousseau - for social contract to have legitimacy - based on  popular s...
American Revolution: Highlights <ul><li>Mayflower Compact - written agreement for governing colony </li></ul><ul><li>pract...
Articles of Confederation <ul><li>not so great, no money - Shay’s Rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>but - did defeat and negotia...
Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>Geo. Washington presider of ...
Constitutional Convention <ul><li>New Jersey Plan - unicameral legislature, each states has same number of reps </li></ul>...
More Compromises <ul><li>Three-Fifths Compromise - slaves count as 3/5 during census </li></ul><ul><li>Congress could regu...
Executive Branch <ul><li>Single President </li></ul><ul><li>Electoral College - special electors to choose president (equa...
Ratifying Constitution <ul><li>Anti-federalists - opposed to strong central gov’t </li></ul><ul><li>Federalists - supporte...
END OF NOTES <ul><li>that was a lot of notes </li></ul>
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Day 3 Notes

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Day 3 Notes

  1. 1. The Roots of American Democracy <ul><li>TCI ch3 </li></ul><ul><li>June 25, 2008 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Day 3 - Notes <ul><li>(write this stuff down) </li></ul><ul><li>(TCI ch3) </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Question: What ideas gave birth the the world’s first modern democratic nation? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Ideas that shaped Colonial views on gov’t <ul><li>colonial thinkers influenced by Judeo-Christian traditions </li></ul><ul><li>natural law - belief in moral principles beyond human laws </li></ul><ul><li>colonial thinkers influenced by Greco-Romans </li></ul><ul><li>direct democracy - New England town meetings </li></ul><ul><li>representative gov’t - citizens elect officials to serve country </li></ul>
  4. 4. English Roots <ul><li>Magna Carta (1215)- great charter - limited King John’s power (taxation without consent of nobles) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>established rule of law - gov’t is based on clear and fairly enforced laws and no one is above the law </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. English Roots <ul><li>Petition of Right (1628) - limited gov’t - powers of gov’t are restricted by constitution (arrests/quartering troops) </li></ul><ul><li>English Bill of Rights (1689) - individual rights - natural rights, rights by virtue of being human (no cruel punishment; jury trial) </li></ul>
  6. 6. English Enlightenment Thinkers <ul><li>Thomas Hobbes - in natural state people war, they enter social contract - obey absolute ruler to have peace in society (not democracy) </li></ul><ul><li>John Locke - all people have natural rights - life, liberty, property - social contract to protect people - BUT - right to overthrow ruler if natural rights not protected </li></ul>
  7. 7. French Enlightenment Thinkers <ul><li>Baron de Montesquieu - gov’t should organize to prevent one part from being too powerful - proposed three branches (executive, legislative, judicial) to limit each other - separation of powers </li></ul>
  8. 8. French Enlightenment Thinkers <ul><li>Jean-Jacques Rousseau - for social contract to have legitimacy - based on popular sovereignty - people are ultimate source of authority in gov’t </li></ul><ul><ul><li>if gov’t acted contrary to popular will, people have right to revolt </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. American Revolution: Highlights <ul><li>Mayflower Compact - written agreement for governing colony </li></ul><ul><li>practice making constitutions and having legislative assemblies </li></ul><ul><li>French and Indian War - taxes - “no taxation . . .” - tea party - militias - CofCs - Dec of Ind - </li></ul>
  10. 10. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>not so great, no money - Shay’s Rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>but - did defeat and negotiate treaty with Britain successfully and pass Northwest Ordinance </li></ul>
  11. 11. Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>Geo. Washington presider of meeting </li></ul><ul><li>James Madison - very excited - creates Virginia Plan before meeting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VA Pan - bicameral legislature (lower house elects upper house) based on state population </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Constitutional Convention <ul><li>New Jersey Plan - unicameral legislature, each states has same number of reps </li></ul><ul><li>Great Compromise/Connecticut Compromise - one house based on pop, one house based equal reps </li></ul>
  13. 13. More Compromises <ul><li>Three-Fifths Compromise - slaves count as 3/5 during census </li></ul><ul><li>Congress could regulate foreign and interstate commerce but not tax exports </li></ul>
  14. 14. Executive Branch <ul><li>Single President </li></ul><ul><li>Electoral College - special electors to choose president (equal to number of members of Congress) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Ratifying Constitution <ul><li>Anti-federalists - opposed to strong central gov’t </li></ul><ul><li>Federalists - supported Constitution - Hamilton, Madison, John Jay wrote Federalist Papers to convince people to ratify - promised Bill of Rights to appease </li></ul><ul><li>Ratified in1788, Washington elected president in 1789 </li></ul>
  16. 16. END OF NOTES <ul><li>that was a lot of notes </li></ul>

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