Federalism: National, State, and Local Powers <ul><li>Day 6 </li></ul><ul><li>TCI Ch6 </li></ul><ul><li>June, 30, 2008 </l...
Notes - Day 6 <ul><li>TCI ch6 </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Question: How does power flow through our federal system of gov’...
Constitutional Division of Powers <ul><li>US first gov’t to use federal system </li></ul><ul><li>3 powers in Constitution:...
Federal System Expressed Powers Concurrent Powers Reserved Powers <ul><li>Coin money </li></ul><ul><li>set up postal syste...
Benefits of a Federal System <ul><li>protects against tyranny of the majority </li></ul><ul><li>promotes unity without imp...
Drawbacks of a Federal System <ul><li>lack of consistency between states (problem if unfamiliar laws/diff. req’s) </li></u...
activity?
Evolution of Federalism <ul><li>Dual federalism (1790-1933) - clearly delineated responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Cooper...
State Gov’ts in Federal System <ul><li>State constitutions are amended more often than US Constitution (easier to do) </li...
Role of State Legislatures <ul><li>laws, taxes, budgets </li></ul><ul><li>apportionment - distribution of seats in US Cong...
Reaportionment
Gerrymandering
State Governors <ul><li>chief executive of state - similar to president </li></ul><ul><li>have the power to: </li></ul><ul...
State Court Systems <ul><li>most cases heard in state courts  </li></ul><ul><li>trial courts - case first heard </li></ul>...
Local Gov’ts <ul><li>3 main types of city gov’ts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mayor-council system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>co...
<ul><li>scan copy of p115 </li></ul>
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Day 6 Notes

817 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
817
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
32
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Day 6 Notes

  1. 1. Federalism: National, State, and Local Powers <ul><li>Day 6 </li></ul><ul><li>TCI Ch6 </li></ul><ul><li>June, 30, 2008 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Notes - Day 6 <ul><li>TCI ch6 </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Question: How does power flow through our federal system of gov’t? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Constitutional Division of Powers <ul><li>US first gov’t to use federal system </li></ul><ul><li>3 powers in Constitution: expressed, concurrent, and reserved </li></ul>
  4. 4. Federal System Expressed Powers Concurrent Powers Reserved Powers <ul><li>Coin money </li></ul><ul><li>set up postal system </li></ul><ul><li>maintain military forces </li></ul><ul><li>declare war </li></ul><ul><li>regulate interstate and foreign commerce </li></ul><ul><li>regulate immigration </li></ul><ul><li>negotiate treaties </li></ul><ul><li>guarantee civil rights and liberties </li></ul><ul><li>levy and collect taxes </li></ul><ul><li>provide for public safety </li></ul><ul><li>protect public health </li></ul><ul><li>establish courts </li></ul><ul><li>punish lawbreakers </li></ul><ul><li>borrow money </li></ul><ul><li>construct and maintain roads </li></ul><ul><li>conduct elections </li></ul><ul><li>establish local gov’ts </li></ul><ul><li>establish schools </li></ul><ul><li>regulate marriage, divorce, adoption </li></ul><ul><li>regulate intrastate commerce </li></ul><ul><li>provide fire and police protection </li></ul><ul><li>enact license requirements </li></ul>
  5. 5. Benefits of a Federal System <ul><li>protects against tyranny of the majority </li></ul><ul><li>promotes unity without imposing uniformity </li></ul><ul><li>creates “laboratories” for policy experiments </li></ul><ul><li>encourages political participation </li></ul>
  6. 6. Drawbacks of a Federal System <ul><li>lack of consistency between states (problem if unfamiliar laws/diff. req’s) </li></ul><ul><li>tension between state and federal officials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>not always clear who is in charge </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. activity?
  8. 8. Evolution of Federalism <ul><li>Dual federalism (1790-1933) - clearly delineated responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative federalism (1933-1960) - national and state gov’ts share some powers </li></ul><ul><li>Regulated federalism (1960-1970s) - funded and unfunded mandates </li></ul><ul><li>New federalism (1970s-today) - returning power to the states </li></ul>
  9. 9. State Gov’ts in Federal System <ul><li>State constitutions are amended more often than US Constitution (easier to do) </li></ul><ul><li>California has ____ amendments </li></ul>
  10. 10. Role of State Legislatures <ul><li>laws, taxes, budgets </li></ul><ul><li>apportionment - distribution of seats in US Congress </li></ul><ul><li>redistricting - redrawing voting districts (10 years - census) </li></ul><ul><li>gerrymandering - drawing districts to help own party </li></ul>
  11. 11. Reaportionment
  12. 12. Gerrymandering
  13. 13. State Governors <ul><li>chief executive of state - similar to president </li></ul><ul><li>have the power to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>help establish legislature’s agenda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>prepare state budget </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>veto bills approved by state legislature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>appoint state officials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>grant pardons or reduce criminal’s sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>command the state National Guard </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. State Court Systems <ul><li>most cases heard in state courts </li></ul><ul><li>trial courts - case first heard </li></ul><ul><li>appeals court - requested to review lowr court ruling </li></ul>
  15. 15. Local Gov’ts <ul><li>3 main types of city gov’ts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mayor-council system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>commission system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>council-manager system </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>scan copy of p115 </li></ul>

×