Wc Ch16s5

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Wc Ch16s5

  1. 1. The Devastation of Europe and Japan <ul><li>Ch16s5 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Europe in Ruins <ul><li>almost 40 million Europeans died - mostly civilians </li></ul><ul><li>Most great cities ruined (except Paris, Rome, Brussels) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>bombing destroyed buildings but people stayed to rebuild </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>no factories to work in = no money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>people fled to other countries, didn’t know where to go </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No one to harvest or transport crops = famine </li></ul>
  3. 3. Postwar Gov’ts and Politics <ul><li>Some gov’ts returned quickly - Belgium, Holland, Denmark, Norway </li></ul><ul><li>Other countries struggled - Germany, Italy, France </li></ul><ul><li>Nuremberg Trials - Nazi leaders accused of war crimes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>12 of 22 sentenced to death </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Effects of Defeat in Japan <ul><li>US forces occupy Japan under leadership of Gen. MacArthur </li></ul><ul><li>Japan is demilitarized - armed forces disbanded </li></ul><ul><li>Japan is democratized - MacArthur wrote a new Japanese constitution </li></ul>
  5. 5. US Occupation Brings Changes <ul><li>Japanese Emperor had to admit he wasn’t a god </li></ul><ul><ul><li>emperor became figurehead </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rulers were now elected, everyone over 20 could vote </li></ul><ul><li>US to provide military protection for Japan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US and Japan became allies </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Costs of World War II

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