Wc Ch16s1

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Wc Ch16s1

  1. 1. Hitler’s Lightning War Ch16s1
  2. 2. Germany Sparks War in Europe <ul><li>Germany attacks Poland, takes western half </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain and France declare war – too late for Poland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First use of blitzkrieg – “lightning war” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Soviet Union invades Poland, takes Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler takes Denmark, Norway </li></ul>
  3. 4. Battle for France <ul><li>Germans sweep around Maginot Line into France </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Push Allies back to the sea </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Italy enters the war on German side as France surrenders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vichy gov’t set up in south (puppet gov’t) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles De Gaulle flees to Britain, sets up gov’t-in-exile </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Battle for Britain <ul><li>Britain stands alone against Nazis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Devastating air raids, bombed London </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain has radar and code breaking machine – Enigma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain never surrenders, Hitler calls off attacks </li></ul></ul>
  5. 7. Eastern Front <ul><li>Italy needs to fight, tries to take Egypt from British </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany had to send troops to help Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hitler invades Balkans to set up invasion of Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Germany sweeps into unprepared Soviet Union, but stops near Moscow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bogged down in Russian winter, just like Napoleon </li></ul></ul>
  6. 9. US Aids Its Allies <ul><li>Congress made it illegal to sell arms to nations at war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to stay out of war </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FDR pushed for Lend-Lease Act – US could lend or lease arms to allies (Britain) </li></ul><ul><li>Atlantic Charter issued by Churchill and FDR – free trade among nations and right to choose own gov’t </li></ul><ul><li>US closer to war when German U-boat sinks naval destroyer </li></ul>

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