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The United States Constitution <ul><li>TCI Ch3 </li></ul><ul><li>June 26, 2008 </li></ul>
Day 4 Notes <ul><li>(write this down) </li></ul><ul><li>(TCI Ch4) </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Question: How and why did th...
Notes (part 1) <ul><li>3 parts to Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Preamble - defines the purpose of Constitution and goals ...
Parts of Constitution <ul><li>2nd part - Articles - main body of Const. - 7 articles - divided into sections and clauses <...
Article 1 - Legislative Branch <ul><li>describes Congress, election, terms, qualifications, rules, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>...
Article II - Executive Branch <ul><li>article II establishes the executive branch, led by president - describes term, qual...
Article III - Judicial Branch <ul><li>article III establishes judicial branch, creates Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>Con...
other articles <ul><li>article IV - relations among states - states must honor laws and citizens of other states, Congress...
Amending <ul><li>Constitution is difficult to amend </li></ul><ul><li>2 step process - proposal and ratification </li></ul...
Amendments <ul><li>1-10 - Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>13, 14, 15 Civil War era amendments </li></ul><ul><li>16-27 oth...
Notes (part 2)
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Day 4 Notes

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Day 4 Notes

  1. 1. The United States Constitution <ul><li>TCI Ch3 </li></ul><ul><li>June 26, 2008 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Day 4 Notes <ul><li>(write this down) </li></ul><ul><li>(TCI Ch4) </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Question: How and why did the framers distribute power in the Constitution? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Notes (part 1) <ul><li>3 parts to Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Preamble - defines the purpose of Constitution and goals of our gov’t </li></ul><ul><li>form a more perfect union, establish justice . . . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Parts of Constitution <ul><li>2nd part - Articles - main body of Const. - 7 articles - divided into sections and clauses </li></ul><ul><li>3rd part - Amendments </li></ul>
  5. 5. Article 1 - Legislative Branch <ul><li>describes Congress, election, terms, qualifications, rules, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Enumerated powers - powers specifically listed in Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Implied powers - from Necessary and Proper Clause (Elastic Clause) - Congress can “make all laws necessary and proper” for carrying out its duties </li></ul>
  6. 6. Article II - Executive Branch <ul><li>article II establishes the executive branch, led by president - describes term, qualifications, powers, etc. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Article III - Judicial Branch <ul><li>article III establishes judicial branch, creates Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>Congress to make lower federal courts </li></ul><ul><li>defines jurisdiction of federal courts </li></ul>
  8. 8. other articles <ul><li>article IV - relations among states - states must honor laws and citizens of other states, Congress can make new states </li></ul><ul><li>article V - describes amendment process </li></ul><ul><li>article VI - contains Supremacy Clause - “supreme Law of the Land” </li></ul><ul><li>article VII - ratification process (9 states) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Amending <ul><li>Constitution is difficult to amend </li></ul><ul><li>2 step process - proposal and ratification </li></ul><ul><li>Proposal - 2/3 vote of each branch of Congress OR request of 2/3 of state legislatures (never used) </li></ul><ul><li>Ratification - 3/4 of state legislatures OR 3/4 of special state conventions (only used once) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Amendments <ul><li>1-10 - Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>13, 14, 15 Civil War era amendments </li></ul><ul><li>16-27 other amendments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>19 - women vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>18 and 21 prohibition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>26 - lowered voting age to 18 </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Notes (part 2)

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