Chief Executives and Bureaucracies <ul><li>Day 12 </li></ul><ul><li>TCI Ch13 </li></ul><ul><li>July 8, 2008 </li></ul>
Notes - day 12 <ul><li>(TCI ch13) </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Question: What qualities do modern presidents need to fulfil...
Chief Executives <ul><li>chief executive - top elected official in charge of enforcing laws and carrying out gov’t policy ...
Formal Qualifications <ul><li>native-born citizen </li></ul><ul><li>35 years old </li></ul><ul><li>lived in US for 14 year...
Informal Qualifications <ul><li>educated: law, business, public service </li></ul><ul><li>held other political office </li...
Succession <ul><li>line of succession - VP, Speaker, pres pro tem of Senate, Sec State, other Cabinet members </li></ul><u...
Staying in Office <ul><li>impeachment - begins in House - majority vote to have trial in Senate - 2/3 vote to remove from ...
Constitutional Powers <ul><li>commander in chief </li></ul><ul><li>call Congress into special session </li></ul><ul><li>en...
Constitutional Powers <ul><li>reprieve - postponement of punishment </li></ul><ul><li>pardon - release from punishment </l...
Washington <ul><li>established precedents - everything he did shaped the office of the presidency </li></ul><ul><li>create...
Andrew Jackson <ul><li>champion of common people </li></ul><ul><li>used veto more than other presidents </li></ul><ul><li>...
Lincoln <ul><li>used powers of the presidency </li></ul><ul><li>imposed martial law in Maryland - people under strict mili...
Theodore Roosevelt <ul><li>spoke out on many issues, lots of media attention </li></ul><ul><li>created gov’t agencies to p...
Franklin D. Roosevelt <ul><li>most like modern presidency - most power </li></ul><ul><li>had Congress pass bills to combat...
Roles of the President <ul><li>chief executive - leader of gov’t bureaucracy (2 million jobs) </li></ul><ul><li>chief of s...
Roles of the President <ul><li>chief policymaker (chief legislator) - influence of legislative process </li></ul><ul><li>c...
Presidential Checks <ul><li>veto legislation </li></ul><ul><li>pocket veto - no sign bill and less than 10 days of Congres...
Executive Branch <ul><li>White House Staff - presidents aids, chief of staff is most important </li></ul><ul><li>Executive...
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Day 12 notes

  1. 1. Chief Executives and Bureaucracies <ul><li>Day 12 </li></ul><ul><li>TCI Ch13 </li></ul><ul><li>July 8, 2008 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Notes - day 12 <ul><li>(TCI ch13) </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Question: What qualities do modern presidents need to fulfill their many roles? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chief Executives <ul><li>chief executive - top elected official in charge of enforcing laws and carrying out gov’t policy - president, governor, mayor </li></ul>
  4. 4. Formal Qualifications <ul><li>native-born citizen </li></ul><ul><li>35 years old </li></ul><ul><li>lived in US for 14 years </li></ul><ul><li>states have other rules: younger, citizenship rules (arnold), shorter residency </li></ul>
  5. 5. Informal Qualifications <ul><li>educated: law, business, public service </li></ul><ul><li>held other political office </li></ul><ul><li>white, male, upper-middle class </li></ul><ul><li>Christian (especially Protestant) </li></ul><ul><li>governors and mayors more likely to be women or minorities </li></ul>
  6. 6. Succession <ul><li>line of succession - VP, Speaker, pres pro tem of Senate, Sec State, other Cabinet members </li></ul><ul><li>VP main job is to replace president </li></ul><ul><li>lieutenant governor is similar to VP </li></ul>
  7. 7. Staying in Office <ul><li>impeachment - begins in House - majority vote to have trial in Senate - 2/3 vote to remove from office </li></ul><ul><li>president has 2 term limit </li></ul><ul><li>recall election - option for many governors and mayors </li></ul>
  8. 8. Constitutional Powers <ul><li>commander in chief </li></ul><ul><li>call Congress into special session </li></ul><ul><li>ensure laws of Congress are executed </li></ul><ul><li>appoint officials </li></ul><ul><li>approve legislation </li></ul>
  9. 9. Constitutional Powers <ul><li>reprieve - postponement of punishment </li></ul><ul><li>pardon - release from punishment </li></ul><ul><li>amnesty - pardon a group of peope </li></ul>
  10. 10. Washington <ul><li>established precedents - everything he did shaped the office of the presidency </li></ul><ul><li>created first cabinet - appointed heads of executive departments </li></ul><ul><li>serve two terms </li></ul>
  11. 11. Andrew Jackson <ul><li>champion of common people </li></ul><ul><li>used veto more than other presidents </li></ul><ul><li>increased power of the office of the president </li></ul>
  12. 12. Lincoln <ul><li>used powers of the presidency </li></ul><ul><li>imposed martial law in Maryland - people under strict military rule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>shut down newspapers, suspended habeas corpus, ignored court rulings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>issued Emancipation Proclamation without approval of Congress - executive order - rule of president with force of law </li></ul>
  13. 13. Theodore Roosevelt <ul><li>spoke out on many issues, lots of media attention </li></ul><ul><li>created gov’t agencies to protect safer food and drugs </li></ul><ul><li>conservation of natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>active foreign policy - US to be great power </li></ul>
  14. 14. Franklin D. Roosevelt <ul><li>most like modern presidency - most power </li></ul><ul><li>had Congress pass bills to combat Great Depression (social security, New Deal) </li></ul><ul><li>addressed people directly, through radio - “fireside chats” </li></ul><ul><li>made presidency more powerful during WWII </li></ul>
  15. 15. Roles of the President <ul><li>chief executive - leader of gov’t bureaucracy (2 million jobs) </li></ul><ul><li>chief of state - ceremonial leader of gov’t </li></ul><ul><li>commander in chief - lead military </li></ul><ul><li>chief diplomat - oversee foreign policy, meet with foreign leaders, treaties </li></ul>
  16. 16. Roles of the President <ul><li>chief policymaker (chief legislator) - influence of legislative process </li></ul><ul><li>chief manager of economy ( ) - works with Congress on budget/taxes, appoints Federal Reserve Board </li></ul><ul><li>chief of party - leader of political party </li></ul>
  17. 17. Presidential Checks <ul><li>veto legislation </li></ul><ul><li>pocket veto - no sign bill and less than 10 days of Congressional session </li></ul><ul><li>nominates federal judges </li></ul>
  18. 18. Executive Branch <ul><li>White House Staff - presidents aids, chief of staff is most important </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Office of the President (EOP) - offices that support president </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Departments - cabinets depts </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Agencies - NASA, CIA, FCC </li></ul>

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